Due to its position over major tectonic faults as well as being situated within the "Hurricane Alley", Haiti is exposed to extreme weather conditions and frequent natural hazards.
The country also continues to experience insecurity, overpopulation, widespread poverty, enormous economic inequalities, risk of epidemics (cholera), and has a dysfunctional health system, lack of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructures, chronic food insecurity, and high environmental degradation. A widespread lack of resources has resulted in insuﬃcient capacity at the institutional level to protect and assist the population before, during and after natural hazards and address long-term climate change adaptation needs. Combined, all of these factors render the country particularly vulnerable to the shocks and disasters.
More than eight years after the 2010 earthquake, 37,546 persons still live in 26 open sites throughout the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area (Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), March 2018). On 4 October 2016, Hurricane Matthew left Haiti in the largest humanitarian crisis since the 2010 earthquake. As per the October 2017 DTM report, approximately 600 households remain displaced in 36 evacuation centers and camp-like settlements.
Since June 2015, Haiti has faced a major protection crisis with the inﬂux of 229,885 returnees of Haitian descent (IOM Haiti Border Monitoring Sitrep, 28 September 2017), as a consequence of the bi-national crisis which started in 2013 when the Government of the Dominican Republic passed a Decree concerning the National Plan to Regularize Foreigners.
In 2018, IOM Haiti’s Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) and DTM activities aim to end long term displacement through the provision of durable solutions to the remaining IDP households from 2010 (support to return, relocation or local integration) while ensuring their access to basic services and protection in the metropolitan area and the region of des Palmes.
To face the bi-national crisis, IOM Haiti’s Protection Unit will ensure the protection of highly vulnerable Haitian returnees by providing humanitarian partners with accurate and timely information, strengthening the protection referral mechanism for vulnerable migrants at the four oﬃcial Border Crossing Points and ensuring the safe and timely referral of vulnerable cases, and ensuring that irregular and vulnerable returning migrants receive life-saving, emergency protection assistance upon arrival in Haiti.
In 2017, the Mission will continue capacity-building activities and non-food items (NFIs) distribution in close collaboration with the authorities, provide access to durable housing solutions to the remaining displaced families from Hurricane Matthew, and support the rapid NFI response anywhere in the country and for a maximum of 40,000 family beneﬁciaries during the 2018 Hurricane Season.
The proposed activities are designed in line with the Government’s response strategy and build upon IOM’s on going activities in areas affected by Hurricane Matthew. As such, IOM will work closely with government and local partners. IOM is the co-lead of the Shelter/NFI Working Group which is promoting the Building Back Safer principles, as well as monitoring and coordinating all repair and reconstruction activities in the departments affected by Hurricane Matthew.
Note: the projects below are part of the Humanitarian Response Plan Haiti 2018.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 221,479 IDPs and returnees
Contact Information: Fabien Sambussy, Chief of Mission Position, firstname.lastname@example.org haiti.iom.int, facebook.com/IOMHaiti, twitter.com/IOMHaiti
IOM Offices: Country Office: Port-au-Prince, Sub-Offices: Jérémie and Ouanaminthe,
International Staff: 20
National Staff: 193
- 14,089 IDPs representing 4,283 households were assisted and relocated through the Rental Subsidy cash grant.
- 47,095 households received assistance through NFI distributions.
- 200,000 households (1,000,000 individuals) were reached through the Build Back Safer radio messaging campaign and posters.
- 510 masons were trained on the Build Back Safer approach.
- 1,600 IDPs (331 IDP households) from Hurricane Matthew in the Grande-Anse and South Departments were assisted through the Rental Subsidy cash grant and thus were able to access durable shelter solutions.
Border monitoring and protection of highly vulnerable Haitians or their descendants on the Hispaniola Island through capacity building for migration managementAmount Requested: USD 1,473,818 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project aims to ensure the protection of highly vulnerable Haitian returnees by providing humanitarian partners with accurate and timely information, ensuring the safe and timely referral of vulnerable cases, and ensure that irregular and vulnerable returning migrants receive live saving, emergency protection assistance upon arrival in Haiti. In collaboration with the border monitoring network, IOM aims to track and monitor cross border movements from the Dominican Republic to the Haitian side of the border, occurring at the four official border points and the 96 informal crossing points along the border. Through this activity, IOM aims to reduce tensions between the Dominican Republic and Haiti through better border and migration management as well as by protecting the most vulnerable populations. Activities include: i) scale-up border monitoring of four formal and some 96 informal border crossing points. This monitoring system also functions as a referral mechanism of specific protection cases and early-warning system; ii) ensure referral and registration and support readmission / repatriation of persons entitled to Dominican citizenship with due respect to the principle of family unity; iii) ensure minimum protection and care of vulnerable and unaccompanied children, including family tracing and reunification; and iv) prevent informal settlements through adapted support to return, delocalisation and appropriate referral of immediate and medium needs.Beneficiaries:57,200 vulnerable migrants
Strengthening the protection referral mechanisms for vulnerable migrants at the border area between Haiti and the Dominican RepublicAmount Requested: USD 1,250,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project aims to strengthen the protection referral mechanism for vulnerable migrants at the four official Border Crossing Points (BCPs) in border areas between Haiti and the Dominican Republic in order to ensure that irregular and vulnerable returning migrants receive live saving, emergency protection assistance upon arrival in Haiti. The project activities include: i) protection assistance: vulnerable migrants referred to and registered in the Border Resource Centers will be offered a holistic protection package tailored to their specific needs. The package includes: psychological first aid support and medical first aid support, livelihood activities, delivery of documentation, provision of support for school reinsertion; ii) strengthening of protection referral mechanisms for vulnerable migrants; and iii) awareness raising campaign on Trafficking in Persons (TiP) and safe migration.Beneficiaries:85,200 vulnerable migrants
Shelter and Non-food items
Institutional, Operational and Technical Support to the Directorate Of Civil Protection (DPC)Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To increase the capacity of the Government at the national level to coordinate and manage the preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery aspects of disaster risk management. IOM has liaised closely with the DPC and its Director to assist and support the DPC in its (reform) and its restructuring and to develop a project that strengthens the DPC's capacity in disaster risk management and CBDRM. This "reform" of the DPC reaffirms the place and the values of the DPC works and interventions and aims to reinforce its capacities to fight against natural disasters including the negative impacts of the climate changes: Specific support to the DPC's new approach efforts will focus on the following three areas: i) regional and international cooperation with Disaster Emergency Management Agencies; ii) an integration platform combining Risk Assessment and Preparedness Planning Established in the Civil Protection sector in Haiti; iii) the technical and institutional support to the DPC in its transitional phase; and iv) Community Based Disaster Risk Management.Beneficiaries:10,000 vulnerable individuals (50,000 households)
Promote early recovery through the provision of durable shelter solutions for the most vulnerable individuals affected by Hurricane MatthewAmount Requested: USD 32,732,905 Amount Received: USD 2,262,932Objective:The project aims to ensure the safety, security, and dignity of girls, boys, women and men still affected by Hurricane Matthew, through the provision of durable shelter solutions at their place of origin. Project activities include: i) house repairs and Core house construction. IOM aims to support the most vulnerable households through beneficiary driven recovery through the construction of 1,500 core houses (23m2) and the repairs of 1,500 severely damaged houses; ii) provide national and decentralized coordination and support to l'Unite de Construction de Logements et de Batiments publics (UCLBP) to lead, plan and manage the reconstruction efforts. By establishing a decentralized presence, UCLBP will be responsible for: providing strategic and technical guidance for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of affected areas; establishing reconstructions standards and guidelines; facilitating the liaison between the Municipalities and other relevant authorities, as well as national and international shelter partners, and; overseeing the urban planning process; iii) in accordance with Haiti's National Housing Policy, IOM aims to assist the Municipalities by supporting the organization, planning and management of reconstruction activities at the community level. The objective is to ensure that under the leadership of UCLBP, the municipalities regulate and oversee the reconstruction process, including through the issuance of building permits, the management of leases on public land (affermage) and the monitoring of zoning regulations. In this light, the municipalities will: ensure the application of the Risk Area mapping tools (developed by UNDP and the MICT; support the legal frameworks for construction (land survey, leasing of public land, issuance of building permits); support the urban planning process, and; strengthen local taxation schemes ("droit de fermage", "contribution fonciere sur la propriete batie", building permit fees).Beneficiaries:47,000 vulnerable individuals (235,000 households)
NFI Procurement and Stockpile Maintenance and Management for Emergency Preparedness for 2018 Hurricane seasonAmount Requested: USD 4,797,590 Amount Received: USD 1,720,902Objective:Support the availability of rapid NFI response anywhere in the country and for a maximum of 40,000 family beneficiaries during the 2018 Hurricane Season. Based upon IOM's lessons learned, key strategic priorities as well as the Departmental Lessons Learned Assessment Workshop, hurricane season 2016, IOM aims to implement a multifaceted intervention to strengthen the capacities of the national and departmental disaster response authorities. Activities include: i) NFI procurement and Warehousing Maintenance and Management for 4 warehouses; and ii) provide advanced capacity building support to warehouse staff in order to enhance their knowledge on NFI (non-food items) and warehouse management.Beneficiaries:2,000,000 vulnerable individuals (40,000 households)
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Humanitarian support to the sustainable return, relocation and integration of internally displaced persons from 2010Amount Requested: USD 4,915,500 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To provide assistance to the remaining IDPs while ensuring their access to basic services and protection in the metropolitan area and the region of des Palmes. More than eight years after the earthquake that hit Haiti in January 2010, 37,546 IDPs remain displaced within 26 camps. Families that remain displaced have exhausted all resources required to ensure the minimum living standards and the long term displacement has exacerbated their conditions of deprivation, forcing them to rely heavily on external assistance, and perpetuated their exposure to natural hazards and, in some cases, eviction. The IDPs remaining in sites continue to have limited or no access to basic services such as WASH, health, and education etc. and thus are particularly vulnerable to health issues that may arise from the unavailability of such basic services. In an effort to continue supporting the activities implemented throughout the last seven years as well as strengthen existing operations, IOM's proposed activities aim to end the displacement of 19,700 IDPs (5,400 families). Proposed activities include: i) camp closure and decommissioning; ii) camp coordination and management; and iii) protection assistance.Beneficiaries:19,700 IDPs (5,400 households)
Support to the safe and dignified return of the remaining displaced families from Hurricane Matthew in Grande Anse and South DepartmentsAmount Requested: USD 406,260 Amount Received: USD 200,000Objective:Promote durable housing solutions for the remaining displaced families from Hurricane Matthew in Grande Anse and South Departments. The project aims to provide assistance to an estimated 230 households (1,150 individuals) who continue to live in displacements sites (camp-like settlements and collective centers) in the Southern Peninsula. The assistance provided will be a conditional cash grant for durable shelter assistance, as well as onward referral to active Shelter partners when appropriated for beneficiaries whose houses were completely destroyed and require reconstruction assistance. IOM's initial activity will be to conduct an identification, formal registration and sensitization exercise. Through this activity, IOM will capture reliable statistical data and information on the displaced population. Furthermore, the beneficiaries will be sensitized on the project activities, as well as receive hygiene and protection sensitizations. Following the registrations, IOM in collaboration with the respective Mayor's office will validate the beneficiary lists. Once validated, IOM will provide a total conditional cash grant to each household, which will be divided in three (3) tranches for the displaced household to access durable shelter solutions. In accordance with the Government of Haiti's strategy, this project will allow for the permanent closure of the displacement sites opened after Hurricane Matthew and provide the displaced families with safe shelter solutions in their areas of origin before the upcoming cyclone season.Beneficiaries:1,150 IDPs (230 households)
Assist vulnerable IDPs through local integration and formalization of CampsAmount Requested: USD 8,373,275 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To end long term displacement and provide durable solution to approximately 1,000 IDP households residing in three IDP camps through land tenure security and improvement of existing infrastructures and access to basic services. A cornerstone of the formalization approach is to ensure that IDP families receive a "Contrat d'Affermage" guaranteeing that they are legally authorized to occupy a plot of land belonging to the Government in exchange for the payment of a small yearly fee. In addition to ensuring land tenure security, IOM will implement environmental risk mitigation works (site leveling) to mitigate the impact of flooding, build public infrastructures (roads, playgrounds, public lighting, water points) and delineate parcels of an acceptable size (approx. 100sqm) for each IDP family. Technical guidance on safe construction practices will be provided to the families wishing to start construction of their own homes and housing support will be provided to ensure that the families benefit from safe and durable housing solutions, in line with established construction norms and standards.Beneficiaries:5,000 IDPs (1,000 households)