Federated States of Micronesia 2018
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is composed of more than 600 islands located in the north Paciﬁc. Due to the remote location of the country and region, access to disaster affected populations is logistically diﬃcult. Out of FSM’s four states (Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk and Yap), the two most western states, Chuuk and Yap, are most at risk of natural hazards and the adverse effects of climate change and have a recent history of super typhoons (e.g. Typhoon Maysak). Despite plentiful rainfall, drought conditions occur, especially when El Niño moves into the Western Paciﬁc. In the past, groundwater supplies have dwindled to an emergency state, with a drought disaster declaration in 1998, emergency declarations in 2007 and warnings in 2016. During the summer of 2017, the northern islands of Chuuk were hit by drought and the government deployed bottled water and reverse osmosis units.
In response, IOM will continue to implement the Disaster Preparedness for Effective Response Programme (PREPARE) which works closely with government counterparts to increase resilience of FSM in mitigating the effects of natural hazards and climate change by enhancing national and local capacities for disaster preparedness, response and recovery.
IOM will work closely with partners to continue implementation of the Climate Adaptation Disaster Risk Reduction and Education Programme (CADRE +) which offers critical support to communities at-risk. Using IOM’s expertise in climate change adaptation and disaster preparedness the project supports sustainable solutions for resiliency in vulnerable schools and communities through community-based initiatives. The program also supports national government by facilitating the establishment of disaster committees in outer island communities. In 2018, IOM plans to provide life-saving assistance for disaster-affected populations and will continue to work with partners to strengthen resilience of at-risk communities in Micronesia including through projects aimed at health, rainwater collection, disaster risk reduction, shelter, and community stabilization. IOM has a strong presence in the country and works in coordination with relevant ministries in FSM, international and national NGOs, and civil society groups to promote sustainable partnerships.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 36,570 beneficiaries
Contact Information: Name of Person: Mr. Stuart Simpson; Position: Chief of Mission; Email: SSIMPSON@iom.int; Phone Number: (+691) 320 8735 IOM Website: https://www.iom.int/countries/federated-states-micronesia; Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/IOMMicronesia
IOM Offices: Country Office: Pohnpei; Sub-Offices: Chuuk, Kosrae, Yap; Satellite Office: Ulithi (Yap outer island)
International Staff: 22
National Staff: 58
- DRR & Resilience Building (PREPARE):
- Baseline data collection for the planning and executing of future response and a recovery.
- Developed State Profiles of TKK, TAP and KSA.
- Developed Emergency Response Contingency Plans (ERCP) for PNI, TKK, YAP and KSA.
- Developed profiles of 553 Public Infrastructures across FSM: PNI (127), TKK (106), YAP (256) and KSA (64)
- Readiness of disaster relief materials and services
- Monthly inventory inspections of prepositioned supplies and assets purchased in TKK and YAP.
- Quarterly Inspections and testing/maintenance of mechanized assets in TKK and YAP.
- Designed Cash Voucher system and implemented in TMRP.
- Improved Government preparedness & response capabilities through technical assistance and support
- Provided technical assistance to the FSM OEEM and four states (PNI, TKK, YAP and KSA) in the development of Response Operations Plans (ROPs).
- Arranged Table-top Exercises (TTX) in KSA with the participation of local/national government and local organizations.
- Supported the individual needs of the DCO's and NDMO's through technical support, support for coordination meetings (such as a Joint Risk Management Network), supplies, equipment to enhance collaboration or to improve general function.
- Coordinated with and supported DCOs and relevant response actors across FSM to refine and agree upon an Initial Damage Assessment (IDA) or Initial Situation Overview (ISO) forms.
- Community-level preparedness enhanced through the enhancement of early warning systems, delivery of public information, and awareness raising
- One-Way Radio Broadcast Assessment: Conducted a survey and mapping of medium-wave AM radio broadcasting facilities across FSM and capacity to better understand coverage for the delivery of public information including early warning messaging.
- Provided support to the govt. owned Radio Station Infrastructure in TKK and YAP to improve broadcasting capability, and/or protection to equipment, and the overall sustainability of functioning radio stations.
- Delivered one-day Radio Station Workshops in TKK, KSA and YAP for personnel involved in radio programming development and delivery.
- Developed and transmitted English & Local Language DRR Radio Messages focusing on personal, household, and community preparedness across FSM.
- Capabilities of local disaster responders are strengthened through trainings on Basic Humanitarian Standards, Emergency First Aid, and understanding of how to use Needs/Damage assessment forms.
- Developed and delivered 335 training sessions on Essentials Humanitarian Assistance (EHA) targeted at Government National (PNI: 8) and State entities (TKK: 38, KSA: 39 and YAP: 250) that had a role in emergency response.
- Offered Emergency First Responder (EFR), and boat safety trainings in PNI to 53 representatives from the community and government departments.
- Reconstruction Plans and supplemental reconstruction program implementation, information, IEC, and training.
- Developed a Reconstruction Contingency Plan (RCP) to include supplemental-housing designs, Environmental Considerations, logistics /construction strategy, and Key Staff TORs.
- Developed shelter/reconstruction skills training curriculum (BBS techniques) and IEC materials.
- Baseline data collection for the planning and executing of future response and a recovery.
- Climate Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Education (CADRE):
- 901 students trained in CADRE Plus Modules.
- 6,470 students practice SEMP drill.
- 311 teachers trained in CADRE Plus materials.
- 98 school leaders help with creation of SEMP.
- 231 school leaders trained in emergency evacuation center management.
- 423 school and community leaders trained in basic first aid.
- 69 community focal points identified and trained (14 communities).
- 496 community members participated in creation of community action plans.
- 842 community members practiced community drills.
- 1,937 community members with improved capacity to plan and respond to disaster through trainings (training partisans across all trainings).
- Health & Protection Support: Assessed the effects of natural disasters on the health and security of women and girls including gender-based violence.
- Conducted exploratory knowledge mapping of available data on gender-based violence as well as female health in the Pacific.
- In the absence of a formal ethical review board with the appropriate jurisdiction, a study and methodology was formally presented and supported by the FSM National Department of Health and Social Affairs.
- Established two Technical Working Groups (TWOGs) that identified nine disaster-prone communities in Yap and six communities in Chuuk to participate in the study. TWOGs were membered by representatives from local women’s groups in the respective states.
- TWOGs designed and conducted 422 surveys amongst women and girls in Chuuk and Yap State (301 women, 121 girls).
- TWOG designed and conducted 20 focus group discussions (FGDs) amongst female and males in Chuuk and Yap State (14 Female FGDs and 6 Male FGDs).
- Conducted consultations with the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Emergency Management (DECCEM) and the FSM Department of Health and Social Affairs on key findings and recommendations.
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Disaster Preparedness for Effective Response (PREPARE) Program - Federated States of MicronesiaAmount Requested: USD 1,750,000 Amount Received: USD 1,750,000Objective:As part of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funded Disaster Preparedness for Effective Response (PREPARE) Program, IOM is assisting FSM and RMI to develop or update Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) meant to accompany and complement the disaster response plans of both the countries. Emergency response preparedness should be strengthened in FSM and RMI through the advanced gathering of information for use in planning and executing a response and a recovery. In addition, PREPARE team developed Public Infrastructure Profiles across FSM and RMI to contribute to the planning of JDA after a disaster, and as baseline information for use in reconstruction phase. IOM developed the Emergency Response Contingency Plans (ERCP) for the Implementing Partner with information on risk and hazards, vulnerability, infrastructure and utilities, pre-positioned commodities and warehousing capacity across FSM and RMI, and stand-by agreements with service delivery agencies. Further work towards building National and State level response capacity is still needed to help reduce disaster risk, ensure timely and effective responses, and provided services to safeguard the wellbeing of its population following a hazard event.Beneficiaries:104,937 individuals
Expanding Access to Public Information in the Pacific IslandsAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 100,000Objective:Objectives and activities include: i) survey and assess the capacity and condition of all public broadcast stations to evaluate the structural needs of each station; ii) based on the needs and technical recommendations, complete the upgrades required for broadcasting to reach the states' furthest communities; iii)monitoring of infrastructure improvements by a technical expert; iv)provide solar power generating systems for all broadcast stations, to offset operational costs, and reduce dependence on diesel generated electricity, and increase the regularity of transmissions, including monitoring by a technical expert; and v)training and technical support to stakeholders including government officials and radio personnel on strategies for content creation, successful public service announcements, and media campaigns resulting in engaging messaging for the most remote areas.Beneficiaries:Nation-wide public
Shelter and Non-food items
Enhanced Prepositioning for Disaster Response Preparedness in Micronesia - Federated States of MicronesiaAmount Requested: USD 100,000 Amount Received: USD 100,000Objective:The project will contribute to enhanced emergency preparedness for the FSM and the RMI, through an improved ability to deploy functional non-food items and assets in the event of a US presidential disaster declaration (US PDD). USAID implementing partner (IOM) has the knowledge and skills to deploy and operationalize functional assets within 12 hours of a USG-declared disaster to reduce risk and elevating suffering post hazard event.Beneficiaries:104,937 individuals
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Assessing the Effect of Natural Disasters on the Health and Security of Women and GirlsAmount Requested: USD 30,000 Amount Received: USD 30,000Objective:The objectives are : i) to better understand the effect of natural disasters on women's and girls' health and security in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) through a comprehensive quantitative and qualitative study and subsequent report that outlines key findings, as well as offering culturally-relevant recommendations; and ii) to offer an evidence-based resource for local and international organizations implementing relevant interventions in the region.Beneficiaries:519 women (18+ yrs); 315 girls (under 18 yrs); 121 men (18+ yrs); 42 boys (under 18 yrs)
Climate Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction, & Education Plus (CADRE+) - Federated States of MicronesiaAmount Requested: USD 120,000 Amount Received: USD 120,000Objective:Support the national and state governments in the implementation of their national strategies pertaining to climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction in the FSM & RMI, by implementing a climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction education program that builds the resilience of vulnerable schools and communities through enhancing their adaptive and disaster preparedness capacities.Beneficiaries:104,937 individuals
Community Vulnerability and Capacity Mapping Exercise and Assessment - Federated States of MicronesiaAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 45,000Objective:The "Community Vulnerability and Capacity Mapping Exercise and Assessment" (CVCMEA) project capitalizes on the experience and expertise of IOM while fulfilling the strategic priorities of the World Bank in the North Pacific. The aim of the project is to increase the capacity of communities and government to prepare and respond to natural hazards through improved early warning systems and enhanced community level resilience. The three objectives are: i) communities in Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) engaged in participatory hazard risk mapping are more able to engage in planning of community investments; ii) robust data collection and local consultations informs the design of a regional/national early warning system relevant to the RMI context; and iii) knowledge mapping and geo-tagging of key public assets and infrastructure compiled with links to open source mapping platforms. Knowledge mapping and evaluation of existing open-source information on key public assets and infrastructure in RMI and/or FSM.Beneficiaries:104,937 (indirect) individuals
Promoting the Health of Migrants and Migrant-Affected Communities through Health System Strengthening - Federated States of MicronesiaAmount Requested: USD 150,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The objectives of this project are: i) to support the provision of accessible and high-quality primary and preventive services and ensure effective partnerships are developed and maintained; and ii) to contribute to emerging and re-emerging infectious disease detection and response.Beneficiaries:The Federated States of Micronesia and destination countries