In 2016, the number of migrants crossing the Mediterranean remained high, with a 123 per cent overall increase in the number of people arrested while trying to cross borders irregularly in the North, South, West and Sinai. In 2017, the trends changed dramatically. As almost all irregular migration from the North Coast towards the Mediterranean ceased, the number of migrants arrested on the border with Libya, surpassed the whole of 2016 by 131 per cent within six months. This shift in migrant ﬂows indicates that migrants are compelled to expose themselves to risks in complex environments such as Libya. This leaves migrants in Egypt facing an ever-increasing conundrum: attempting a diﬃcult to achieve local integration, cross the Mediterranean from Libya facing violence and perilous boat travel.
In 2017, IOM Egypt provided over 580 Non-Food Items to migrants in government holding facilities, assisted over 2,926 people with localized Direct Assistance (Financial assistance, Medical assistance, Education assistance, Housing and Legal assistance), and supported over 445 migrants to return voluntarily to their 23 countries of origin, with reintegration grants available to promote a more secure future. In doing so, IOM Egypt is providing sustainable alternatives to irregular migration. Furthermore, from October 2016 to March 2017, within the framework of the Syria Regional Refugee Response Action Plan (3RP), IOM provided support through livelihood opportunities, health and Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS), and other services to Syrian refugees and host communities in Egypt. The support will be continued throughout the ﬁrst quarter of 2019.
At the governmental level, IOM Egypt has a strong cooperation with the National Committee for Preventing Irregular Migration and Traﬃcking in Persons (NCCPIM & TiP). Concurrently, IOM Egypt continues to contribute to the development of the child protection response from the National Committee for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) in an effort to secure effective protection mechanisms for Unaccompanied Migrant Children (UMC) and Egyptian youth at risk of irregular migration.
Note: the projects below are part of the Egypt - Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan in Response to the Syria Crisis (2018-2019). Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 3,800 individuals, including 1,000 migrants in government holding facilities, localised vulnerable migrants, returning migrants
Contact Information: Mr. Laurent De Boeck, Chief of Mission, LDEBOECK@iom.int, Ms. Tanja Pacifico, Head of Project Coordination Unit (PCU), TPACIFICO@iom.int
IOM Offices: Country Office: Cairo
International Staff: 12
National Staff: 101
- IOM’s assistance and protection efforts for regular and irregular immigrants in Egypt was in great demand in 2017. A total of 3,229 vulnerable migrants were assisted in 2017, which marks a 5% increase compared to the previous year. Additionally, a total of 391 migrants were provided with Voluntary Return Assistance (AVR), it does not include reintegration assistance.
- The Migrant Assistance Services team facilitated a Winterization Drive (funded between the German Federal Foreign Office and 3RP). This drive was done internally and in partnership with St Andrews Refugee Services (STARS) whereby more than 240 primary applicants (many with additional dependents) were provided with a one-off assistance grant to prepare for the winter season.
Shelter and Non-food items
Direct Assistance and Related ServicesAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 1,741,909Objective:Direct Assistance in the areas of shelter, social support, and non-food items. IOM Egypt provides direct assistance services for migrants in forms of financial assistance, medical assistance, education assistance, and housing and legal assistance. The MPA team is guided by a set of criteria to determine the amount of assistance, who should receive it and for how long.Beneficiaries:600 migrants and refugees
Medical AssistanceAmount Requested: USD 1,200,000 Amount Received: USD 455,382Objective:Medical Assistance focuses on assisting the migrants in the main countries of destination and in the resettlement countries, and the provision of medical assistance to migrants in Egypt.Beneficiaries:2,500 migrants and refugees
Migrant AssistanceAmount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Migrant Assistance aims at bolstering the well-being and protection of vulnerable migrants in Egypt through the provision of tailored assistance on a case-by-case basis. Beneficiaries include victims of trafficking (VoTs), survivors of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV), as well as other vulnerable groups.Beneficiaries:400 migrants
Promoting community cohesion for Syrian female refugees and members of their hosting communitiesAmount Requested: USD 600,000 Amount Received: USD 600,000Objective:The project aims to promote social cohesion between Syrian female refugees and other females of the hosting communities in Egypt whilst promoting gender equality. This overall objective will be achieved by increasing their access to quality and migrant-friendly health care, education, and livelihood opportunities as well as by reducing gender inequalities within the targeted communities. The project will also aim to indirectly benefit male members of the targeted communities, who will engage and benefit from community cohesion events.Beneficiaries:2,000 direct beneficiaries and 4,000 indirect beneficiaries (Syrian female migrants and refugees)
Assisted Voluntary Return and ReintegrationAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,931,846Objective:Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is a core activity of IOM which enables tens of thousands of migrants return home every year. To date, IOM Egypt has helped a total of 2,224 migrants from all around the world return home, and supported the reintegration of 1,375 returnees. This includes foreign migrants from Egypt returning to their countries of origin, as well as Egyptian migrants returning to Egypt with reintegration grants to help them better settle in their countries of origin.Beneficiaries:500 migrants
Counter-Trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Reinforcing Egyptian governmental efforts to combat trafficking in personsAmount Requested: USD 2,600,000 Amount Received: USD 1,737,397Objective:SETIP aims at reinforcing Egyptian governmental efforts to combat trafficking in persons by scaling up the prosecution of trafficking cases and strengthening the protection of victims in Egypt. SPHERE strengthens protection for victims of human trafficking (VoTs) and vulnerable migrants in Egypt while preventing irregular migration and human trafficking in line with objectives of the National Strategy on Preventing and Combatting Human Trafficking 2016-2021.Beneficiaries:500 migrants and refugees