Less than a year after the impact of Hurricane Matthew, the strongest hurricane ever reported in the Atlantic, Hurricane Irma hit Cuba for more than 72 hours between 8 and 10 September 2017. 1.7 million people (15.2% of the Cuban population) were evacuated to centers, specially authorized by local authorities, and homes of relatives or friends. Presently, many of the affected people still are living in the evacuation centers and relatives’ houses, because their houses were totally destroyed, and the housing recovery program reached nearly to 43% for example in Sancti Spiritus. Thirteen of the country’s 15 provinces, with a population of 9,485,235 people, were directly affected and the living conditions of local populations were severely damaged. The recovery response program prioritized roofing recovery houses for 2018 and other structure repair for 2019. While hurricanes Mathew and Irma impacted and damaged houses countrywide, in the south part of the country the protracted drought severely affected the living conditions of families.
With the recurrence and intensity of the hurricanes, the vulnerability of people who couldn’t recover from the previous hurricanes increases, and so does the risk of displacement of more families that cannot improve the conditions of their houses for the next hurricane season.
Considering the progress of the housing recovery program, the gaps in the repair of housing and in need of temporary shelters equipped with basic services and Non-Food Items (NFI) such as mattresses, buckets, solar lamps, mosquito nets, tarpaulins, and roof sheets to absorb more people in case of other severe affectation.
As basic NFIs for emergency response are not available at all in the local market, international procurement is required. On the other hand, the national structure for emergency response coordinated by the Civil Protection Office and Custom office is working well to facilitate the distribution of the items to those in need in a timely manner. The Panama Administrative Center (PAC) with regional coverage has a procurement and logistic unit with capacity to support Cuba in time, as it did for the emergency response of hurricane Irma.
Note: the projects below are part of IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 4,600 IDPs
Contact Information: Ms. Sonia Karakadze, Liaison Officer, firstname.lastname@example.org , Tel: 53- 7 204- 1513-15 / 53- 5 – 211 2222
IOM Offices: Cuba
International Staff: 2
National Staff: 2
- 4,136 individuals were assisted with NFIs. 2,800 received mattresses and 1,336 received bed linen in four municipalities: Camajuani; Remedios, Encrucijada, and Placetas.
- 256 households in Guantanamo province, affected by hurricane Mathew received one water tank of 250 liters.
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Support Preparedness for Emergency Response through the Prepositioning of NFIs for Vulnerable Affected People by Hurricane in CubaAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support the National Civil Defense's preparedness for emergency response in Cuba through the prepositioning of NFIs for the most vulnerable people and mitigate the suffering of those evacuated or displaced by the natural disaster.Beneficiaries:7,000 households displaced in the evacuation centers or in relatives' houses