After a year and a half of implementation of the Peace Agreement between the Colombian Government and the FARC-EP guerrilla, 61% of its 578 provisions have seen some progress and 21% have been completed (Kroc, 2018). However, the implementation of the Agreement is threatened by the insecurity in the geographic areas that were controlled by FARC, in which demobilized populations and their families, human rights defenders and social leaders are under risk. Moreover, the Agreement could face the rearmament of the ex-combatants, given that the Government programs for reintegration have been implemented very slowly. Additionally, the structural reforms that the Government must implement, such as the rural development reform, have a progress of only 2% (Kroc, 2018). Despite the Peace Agreement, violence has continued, especially in the areas that were controlled by FARC, given the existence of illegal armed groups such as ELN, FARC dissidents and other groups. Therefore, in 2018 there were 71,771 new victims (Unidad para las Víctimas, 2018).
Regarding migratory issues, and according to United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) and IOM, the number of refugees and migrants from Venezuela worldwide has now reached three million . Between January and September 2018, more than one million persons entered Colombia from Venezuela and 676,000 left in their transit to other countries of the region. According to official sources, out of 1,032,000 Venezuelans in the country, 573,000 have a regular status. This population is in need of humanitarian assistance, including registration, shelter, transportation, health and psychosocial services, and also economic opportunities. As migrants are in a vulnerable position, many of them become victims of human and sex trafficking.
In 2019, IOM will continue co-leading with UNHCR the Interagency Group of Mixed Migration Flows (GIFMM), which is the coordinating mechanism for the response to refugees, migrants, returnees and receiving communities, complementing the services provided by the Government. The GIFMM will implement the Refugees and Migrants Regional Plan (RMRP) in Colombia. This plan focuses on four key areas of intervention, two related to an immediate emergency response and two related to actions with medium and long-term impact. First, urgent humanitarian needs are met by strengthening direct assistance with appropriate referral mechanisms, and general humanitarian needs are reduced through prevention measures. Second, protection needs, including access to documentation and international protection, are addressed through an appropriate response to age, gender and diversity that also promotes empowerment and community participation. Third, the integration of refugees and migrants and a development-focused perspective are promoted through better access to basic goods and services, employment and social cohesion with host communities. Finally, the capacity of the Colombian government to respond to the needs of migrants and refugees is reinforced both at the national and local levels. As part of the RMRP, IOM will create alliances for the prevention and attention of Gender Based Violence, integrating national and local authorities and international cooperation, with women’s groups and communities participating in the projects, with an emphasis on the prevention of labor and sexual human trafficking. Moreover, IOM will support the formation of community networks in alliance with women’s organizations which could incorporate the prevention of GBV and human trafficking, and access to economic opportunities, as a key component for the prevention of health risks. In addition, IOM will continue strengthening the Government capacities for the implementation of the Peace Agreement and support post-conflict processes. As a result, IOM will direct its effort for reintegration of ex-combatants, prevention of child recruitment, and protection of victims. Additionally, IOM will provide humanitarian protection to Venezuelan Migrants, and Colombians returning from Venezuela.
IOM leads the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster, co-leads the Early Recovery Cluster, and participates in the Protection; Health; Education, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; Food Security and Information Management Clusters. IOM supports OCHA’s inter-cluster responsibility for humanitarian action and actively participates in the UN Country Team and Humanitarian Country Team meetings. At the local level, IOM participates in Local Coordination Teams to promote an interagency approach to humanitarian and protection needs. IOM works in coordination with the Ministry of Health, Victims Unit, Colombian Reincorporation and Normalization Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Colombian Family Welfare Institute (ICBF), the High Commissioner for Peace and Land National Agency; UN agencies (including UNHCR, UNODC, OCHA, UNFPA and the UN Multi Partner Trust Fund (MPTF)), international cooperation agencies (USAID, US Department of State, Office of the U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM), UK, Canada, Sweden, The Global Fund for Aids, Malaria and Tuberculosis) and civil society organizations.
Note: IOM’s humanitarian response activities contribute towards Colombia’s 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan. IOM's activities for the Venezuela Regional Response can be found under the regional response page.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 70,5083 individuals.
Contact Information: Ana Eugenia Durán Salvatierra, Chief of Mission: firstname.lastname@example.org, 0571-6397777 (Ext:1225), http://colombia.iom.int, Facebook/OIMColombia, Twitter/OIMColombia, email@example.com.
IOM Offices: Main Office: Bogotá, Sub-Offices: Cartagena, Montería, Apartadó, Medellín, Quibdó, Nunchía, Soacha, Cali, Santander de Quilichao, Popayán, Pasto, Tumaco and Florencia, Liaision Offices: Cúcuta, Vigía del Fuerte, Buenaventura, Villavicencio, Guapi
International Staff: 4
National Staff: 2,173
Humanitarian support to victims of violenceAmount Requested: USD 105,531 Amount Received: USD 105,531Objective:Technical and financial support to 47 Jiw families (191 people) voluntarily returning to the Jiw Community of Barranco Ceiba (San Jose del Guaviare). Actions will be articulated with public institutions and cooperation to improve the living conditions of 47 families and the recovery of infrastructure, and school provisions.Beneficiaries:191 persons
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Humanitarian assistance for vulnerable ethnic groupsAmount Requested: USD 193,897 Amount Received: USD 193,897Objective:In 2018, IOM is continuing its intervention in La Guajira in collaboration with the Baylor Foundation, specifically improving attention spaces for children and pregnant and nursing women, and improving housing for those with tuberculosis. It is also carrying out activities regarding water, sanitation, and hygiene in communities in the municipalities of Uribia, Riohacha, and Manaure.Beneficiaries:1,200 indigenous persons and other vulnerable groups
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Recruitment prevention and reintegration of ex-combatantsAmount Requested: USD 13,516,138 Amount Received: USD 13,516,138Objective:IOM aims to support the Government of Colombia (GOC) in promoting sustainable and inclusive reintegration for former combatants and disengaged children, and in preventing recruitment through: 1. Support the GOC to foster sustainable and inclusive reintegration for ex-combatants and disengaged children and prevent further recruitment. Main areas of work include: i) strategic technical assistance for GOC early reintegration efforts during the demobilization roll-out phase; ii) supporting the GOC implementation of strategies for preventing the recruitment of children and adults in conflict-affected areas; iii) supporting GOC efforts to advance legal processing and service delivery to ex-combatants and disengaged children in rural and urban conflict areas and; iv) supporting GOC knowledge management, information systems and communication efforts to clarify the legal status of ex-combatants, with a special emphasis on reintegration. 2. Support the Differential Life Path program by implementing a community-based reintegration model for minors exiting FARC ranks and consolidating a comprehensive attention strategy and life-project development initiative for these youth. Along with other international cooperation partners, IOM will facilitate collaboration with the Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Education, the Ombudsman's Office, and ICBF to monitor and operate the temporary reception sites (TRS) for these minors, ensure the restoration of their rights, and support health, education, protection, participation, housing, and income generation projects. This project specifically targets support for GOC rapid responses. Key activities include: i) strengthening life projects; and ii) developing the GOC 'Differential Life Path' strategy. 3. Design and implementation of mechanisms for stabilization, early reintegration, and economic reincorporation for people in processes of reintegration. This project will support the economic reintegration of ex-combatants through productive projects in 14 'Territorial spaces for training and reincorporation', training on income generation, and technical support to start-up productive projects.Beneficiaries:1) 82,933 individuals (including 35,149 members of vulnerable populations, 885 migrants and returnees, 46,467 minors and adolescents, and 432 public officers and social leaders); 2) 124 children and youth; 3) 700 people in the process of reintegration
Land and Property Support
Support to the GOC in the promotion of productive and social transformation of the Colombian countryside for an orderly migration of rural territoriesAmount Requested: USD 14,066,653 Amount Received: USD 14,066,653Objective:IOM aims to support the GOC in the promotion of productive and social transformation of the Colombian countryside with the participation of different social actors through strategic partnerships with private enterprise, government, academia, and international cooperation agencies for an orderly migration of rural territories. This will be done through the following projects: 1. Integrated Rural Development with a Territorial Approach: Supports the GOC at the municipal, departmental and national levels to plan and design a new model for rural economic development at the micro-regional level. Key activities include: i) improving social and economic conditions for rural vulnerable groups; ii) improving access to existing GOC programs and services by rural vulnerable groups; and iii) increasing knowledge and skills among key authorities for sustaining and replicating a territorial rural development approach. 2. Support the implementation of land formalization for rural vulnerable communities: Supports the National Land Agency to strengthen the legal security of rural lands, thereby contributing to overcoming poverty and limitations to formal land access. Key activities include: i) strengthening GOC capacities and knowledge in land rights and legal security issues; ii) promoting land formalization processes; and iii) designing pilots to establish strategic joint alliances with local governments in order to sustainably strengthen the local level. 3. Support the design and implementation of plans for local level planning and land use: Supports the regularization of land use and land tenure in compliance with Point 1 of the Peace Agreement. Strengthen the operational capacities of the National Land Agency to design and implement municipal plans for local planning and land use in seven prioritized municipalities in the departments of Tolima, Valle del Cauca and Meta. Key activities include: drafting, implementing and updating municipal plans vis-a-vis strategic alliances with the communities, local government actors and other stakeholders.Beneficiaries:1) 8,230 vulnerable persons in rural areas; 2) 5,924 vulnerable persons in rural areas; 3) 7 municipal planning offices