Plagued by donor fatigue, the multidimensional humanitarian crises in Chad are taking stark proportions. Surrounded by regions in turmoil, such as the Central African Republic, Darfur, Southern Libya and the Lake Chad region, the Republic of Chad remains an anchor of stability. To date, with an estimated population of 14 million inhabitants, Chad hosts almost 600,000 displaced people – one of the highest per capita ratios in the world. Years of extreme drought, paired with the disintegration of oil prices and an ongoing economic crisis, have led to the declaration of a food security crisis for Chad in April 2018. Receding water levels of the Lake Chad basin are further contributing to loss of livelihoods and displacement.
Displacement dynamics remain complex and continuous, with refugees and returnees arriving from the Central African Republic, Chadian returnees arriving from southern Libya, ongoing insecurity in the Lake Chad region leading to continuous movements within the zone and an increasing number of migrants seeking to cross Chad towards the gold mines in the border zone with Libya or towards Europe.
The significantly underfunded humanitarian response in Chad heavily relies on the provision of displacement data shared through IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), which has been active since 2014, which however requires urgent funding support to continue gathering data on ongoing displacements in the Lake Chad region and the southern areas bordering the Central African Republic.
Chadian returnees and Third Country Nationals (TCN) both in the Lake Chad region and in the south, but also along the border with Libya require urgent access to semi-durable shelter, protection measures, assisted voluntary return (TCN) and socio-economic integration opportunities (returnees). Psychosocial support to both host communities/communities of origin and displaced populations remains one of the most pressing needs in the Lake region in particular.
Furthermore, climate change induced displacement in the lake region requires holistic responses to build community resilience and coping mechanisms, also with a focus on youth at risk.
IOM Chad is the co-lead of the CCCM/NFI/Shelter Cluster and is active in data collection and analysis through the DTM and migration flow monitoring in the border zone with Libya. Through an innovative approach, IOM is engaged with the Lake Chad Basin commission to evaluate and analyze climate change induced migration and displacement formulating clear guidelines and recommendations to develop coping mechanisms and resilience strategies building on its vast experience on working with rural communities in Chad on community stabilization measures. To this end, IOM is also currently engaged in southern Chad to support provision of semi-durable shelter and socio-economic opportunities to returnees from the Central African Republic.
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Chad Humanitarian Response Plan 2018 and the Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 178,934 IDPs & returnees
Contact Information: Anne Schaefer, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org; +23560281778
IOM Offices: Country Office: Ndjamena, Sub-Offices: Zouarke, Faya, Kalair, Baga Sola, Gore, Farchana
International Staff: 6
National Staff: 75
- More than 500 semi-durable shelters were constructed in the Lake region and the south for returnees from Nigeria and the Central African Republic.
- More than 200,000 IDPs and returnees were registered and tracked through the DTM in the south.
- 1 pilot local integration community was durably developed and handed over to authorities and communities, complete with water points, community hall, and agricultural opportunities near Bol, Lake Chad region.
- 5 community cooperative projects to enhance livelihood opportunities specifically for female returnees were set up in southern Chad, benefiting more than 20,000 household members.
- Establishment of more than 100 solar lamps in the Lake Chad region.
Camp Coordination and Camp Management, NFI and Shelter
Displacement Tracking Matrix and humanitarian support to displaced communitiesAmount Requested: USD 2,800,000 Amount Received: USD 877,000Objective:To contribute to adequate and timely information sharing and humanitarian response to the displacement crises in Chad through a threefold approach: i) improving the capacity of humanitarian actors to provide humanitarian assistance to mobile and displaced population through provision of up to date data on displacement and return dynamics; ii) NFI distributions to improve living conditions of beneficiary populations; and iii) provision of semi-durable shelter options for displaced communities.Beneficiaries:200,000 IDPs/returnees
Shelter and Non-food items
Semi-durable shelter for returneesAmount Requested: USD 450,000 Amount Received: USD 140,000Objective:Provide locally-appropriate semi-durable shelter for returnees in line with the out-of-camp approach adopted for returnees and refugees in the border regions with the Central African Republic and Nigeria. More than 240,000 returnees are currently without access to adequate housing ahead of the 2018 rainy season. Absorption capacities for host communities are exhausted following years of increasing food insecurity, austerity measures and insecurity-induced displacement. Providing shelter options in line with local standards of the hosting communities greatly alleviates stress and pressure on communities and allows returnees to locally integrate through the creation of their own space. Semi-durable shelter construction follows the establishment of new neighborhoods within the communities and are set up and coordinated with local authorities. They include provision of water points and agricultural land in line with standards for local integration as part of durable solutions for displaced communities.Beneficiaries:196,000 returnees and IDPs in Lake Chad Region; 45,000 returnees in the border region with the Central African Republic
Socio-economic integration of returneesAmount Requested: USD 4,300,000 Amount Received: USD 1,095,000Objective:To support socio-economic reintegration of returnees from Libya, Central African Republic, Sudan and Nigeria, IOM supports: i) creation of semi-durable shelter in line with standards of host communities; ii) site creation and training of authorities and communities for community creation; iii) provision of socio-economic opportunities (training, apprenticeships, kits, provision of agricultural land); and iv) rehabilitation of public community infrastructure.Beneficiaries:Currently covered: 25,000 returnees in Kobiteye camp in the south, not covered: 200,000 IDPs/returnees in the lake region, returnees from Libya, returnees from Sudan, and newly arrived returnees in the south
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Community Stabilization in the Lake Chad regionAmount Requested: USD 5,200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support ongoing peacebuilding efforts in the Lake Chad region through the fostering of social cohesion and support to the re-establishment of socio-economic infrastructure to contribute to the opening up of island communities in particular. Activities include: i) support to the rural development plan for the economic development of the Lake Chad region through community mapping exercises focused on islands of return; ii) support to national authorities for provision of identity documentation; iii) community-based development through community grant provision; iv) facilitation of positive collective experiences in communities; and v) creation of dialogue fora in support of youth and women engagement.Beneficiaries:Islands in the Lake Chad region; 150,000 direct beneficiaries
Counter-Trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Counter-TraffickingAmount Requested: USD 4,900,000 Amount Received: USD 75,000Objective:Contribute to ongoing efforts of provision and application of international counter-trafficking policies. Activities include: i) conduct study on the phenomenon of trafficking in Chad; ii) train and accompany the application of the Standard Operation Procedures for the referral of victims of trafficking between the justice, social and security sector; iii) facilitate communication campaign on risks of trafficking, and; iv) direct Assistance to victims of trafficking.Beneficiaries:Justice, security and social sector, 2,000 direct beneficiaries
Humanitarian Support to Stranded Migrants and Victims of TraffickingAmount Requested: USD 2,100,000 Amount Received: USD 50,000Objective:To provide immediate and life-saving measures to stranded migrants and victims of trafficking throughout Chad. Activities include: i) ensure timely and adequate search and rescue operations in northern Chad; ii) provide humanitarian assistance in form of shelter, food, medical and psychosocial support to stranded migrants and victims of trafficking; iii) facilitate pre-departure counselling and voluntary ground and air transportation to country of origin; and iv) conduct communication campaign on risks of trafficking and irregular migration.Beneficiaries:1,500 stranded migrants and victims of trafficking in 30 communities of 9 regions in northern Chad
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Climate-changed induced displacement managementAmount Requested: USD 1,900,000 Amount Received: USD 75,000Objective:To increase the capacity of the Government and local authorities, as well as communities, to tackle climate change induced displacement and build resilience of communities living in the Lake Chad basin. To this end, IOM proposes to: i) develop a multidimensional risk and hazard profile for the Lake Chad basin through a consultative process; ii) establish a community-based early warning system, including work with the meteorological services; iii) support the establishment of disaster and climate change related policy development both regionally and nationally; and iv) support resilience building of shore- and island based communities to cope and respond to climate-change related changes to livelihood and living conditions.Beneficiaries:400,000 individuals -total Lake Chad region (incl. 200,000 displaced persons)
Psychosocial Support to displaced populationAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:In order to respond to the marginalization of the communities on the islands in the lake, more specifically islands in the south of the lake on the Chadian side, IOM proposes to work closely with the Chadian Red Cross to provide mobile psychosocial support to communities located on the islands. This support will include: i) the training of peer responders - community stakeholders, who can provide direct support to other community members; ii) specific counselling for GBV survivors through trained medical personal in partnership with the University of Ndjamena; iii) the setting up of support groups specifically for women to provide a space for interaction between host communities and displaced population; and iv) provision of positive collective experiences for the communities through joint recreational activities, such as theatre, sports or other creative means for social engagement.Beneficiaries:200,000 IDPs/returnees/conflict affected community members in Lake Chad region
European Union Trust Fund (EUTF)
Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration