The security situation in Chad, especially in the region of Lac been calm in 2016, even if there were sporadic attacks by Boko Haram elements. There were also more than 1,000 surrenders (including family members who surrendered) but claimed that they associated with Boko Haram at one time or the other. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) has decided that the reintegration of those militants who surrendered is a responsibility of the Government of Chad and therefore, all humanitarian the agencies were discouraged to provide any reintegration assistance at this stage.
The number of displacement in the region has increased in 2016 due to the continuous military operations along the borders and as of 31 December, IOM had registered 103,876 displaced individuals with an approximate additional 20,466 individuals estimated as the unregistered displaced persons. In 2016, IOM and WFP demonstrated excellent collaboration where both agencies worked together on collecting data of registered displaced persons. WFP have conducted their SCOPE project based on the IOM database.
However, due to the prolonged military operations, many of the displaced persons are enable to return to their areas of origin. Thus, IOM has been promoting a local reintegration of displaced persons as an alternative to their reintegration. As a result, IOM has obtained authorization to provide land to IOM’s project beneficiaries in the region and has started a project on durable solutions for 180 displaced families at risk of radicalization (857 individuals in total) in the region who have agreed to be locally integrated. They are receiving semi-durable shelter construction and livelihood (Income Generating Activities) activities. To promote social cohesion, IOM is also providing a community projects at the village level for the neighboring villages as well as supporting socialization campaign.
IOM plans to continue providing local integration for other displaced persons, which can act as a transitional assistance between humanitarian and development and is in line with the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) Chad 2017, as well as the UN cluster strategy of Shelter / NFIs / CCCM cluster. Furthermore, this planned intervention includes additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and the overall country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
The prolonged displacement of Chadian returnees from the Republic of Central African Republic (CAR), have not achieved the identification of their durable solutions to date. Furthermore, humanitarian assistance has also decreased from the humanitarian agencies dramatically compared to that of 2015. This situation made the returnees more vulnerable signifying the need for immediate intervention.
In addition, the continuous unstable political situation in CAR has led to continued influx of additional Chadian returnees and refugees into the Chadian territory. In 2016, IOM conducted a verification exercise in 2016 and updated the numbers of the Returnees. Based on the results of Return Intentions Survey, which was conducted by IOM between February to June 2016, it was reported that 85% of the surveyed returnees wished to remain in their current locations. The local authorities have started providing verbal authorization to returnees to access to land.
This authorization enabled some returnees to build semi-permanent houses and start a local business. IOM plans to provide local integration of Chadian returnees from CAR which is in line with the HRP Chad 2017 as well as the UN cluster strategy of Shelter / NFIs / CCCM cluster. Furthermore, this planned intervention will include additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address various migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery, Community Stabilization to complement its humanitarian programmes.
In order to increase the national capacity in Chad, IOM also commits to play a role in cluster coordination (shelter / NFI / CCCM cluster) as a co-lead as well as in the cluster activities of Protection cluster as a cluster member. IOM plans to transfer its expertise in cluster management to local NGOs and authorities in the field to build their Emergency preparedness and local capacities. Furthermore, IOM plans to provide training of trainers for local and religious leaders in psychosocial first-aid skills as this type of capacity does not exist in rural areas of Chad.
Note: the projects below are in line with the Niger Humanitarian Response Plan 2017 (January - December 2017) developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
Contact Information: Mr. Martin Ocaga, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org. Mr. ACHOUR Idriss (IACHOUR@iom.int) Website: hhtp://chad.oim.info/
IOM Offices: Country Office: N’Djamena Sub-Offices: Abeche, Farchana, Tissi, Haraze-Magnegne, Goré and Bagasola.
International Staff: 5
National Staff: 89
- IOM Chad registered 66,635 displaced persons in the region of Lac via the Displacements Tracking Mechanism ( DTM) in 2016. IOM also registered a total of 103,876 displaced persons since 2015.
- IOM Chad provided psychosocial support to 27,152 individuals who are affected especially in the LAC crisis.
- IOM Chad and UNHCR as the lead and co-lead of the Shelter / NFIs / CCCM cluster has provided CCCM training to 161 participants including the cluster member agencies, local government and representatives of displaced communities.
- IOM Chad has also trained 14 key programme colleagues (including one IOM CAR colleague) on progressive peace resolution for the displacement situation framework.
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Support to continuous data collection of displacement and durable solutions for displaced personsAmount Requested: USD 7,490,000 Amount Received: USD 1,049,000Objective:Provide continuous data collection and analysis of the displacement situation in the country and identify durable solutions for displaced persons through construction of semi-durable houses, and the provision of suitable livelihoods.Beneficiaries:222,000 IDPs (110,000), migrants (500), returnees (111,000), and host communities (500), including 119,880 women and 102,200 men, of whom 133,200 children and 6,600 elderly
Reinforce resilience of affected populations in psychosocial supportsAmount Requested: USD 749,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support the affected population in increasing their resilience to provide basic psychosocial support to their community members in need.Beneficiaries:7,200 IDPs (50,400), migrants (600), returnees (3,000), and host communities (18,000), including 41,760 women and 30,240 men, of whom 27,360 children