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Central African Republic 2019


Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$38,361,832
Total Funded:
$32,219,078
Percentage Funded:
84%

The Central African Republic (CAR) has experienced a continuous situation of volatility and recurring violent clashes since its independence in 1960. The country is emerging from a violent conflict that began in late 2012. This conflict has resulted in the loss of thousands of lives and displaced one third of the country’s population. The most recent crisis took place in 2013 and has developed into an extremely complex state of permanent insecurity and fragility marked by frequent attacks throughout the country, leading to a situation of protracted displacement with over 49% of the displaced population entirely dependent upon humanitarian assistance. The abuses committed by these groups are associated with the control of territories aimed at having access to natural and mining resources as well as to the population through taxation especially on transhumance. While a period of calm followed the return of a constitutional order and the presidential elections of 2016, new violence emerged in Kaga Bandoro, Bambari, Bria, Bangassou, Alindao, PK5 in Bangui, Paoua and gradually degenerated with violence since May 2017. Following these waves of violence, the number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) has steadily increased and stands currently at 640,969, according to the Population Movement Commission (CMP December 2018). As part of the political dialogue between the government and 14 armed groups, led by the African Union in Khartoum at the end of January 2019 and supported by MINUSCA, the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central African Republic was signed on February 6, 2019 in Bangui. By February 20, 2019, the government already started laying the groundwork for the implementation of the peace agreement. IOM is an implementing partner to the Implementation Unit of the National DDR program (UEPNDDRR) and is implementing two pilot projects in Paoua and Kaga Bandoro, and a cross-border pilot project with Chad in partnership with FAO on mapping of the transhumance corridors, and social cohesion aimed at strengthening local institutional and sub-regional dialogues within the framework of transhumance. During these different periods of instability, IOM responded to the humanitarian needs of conflict affected/displaced populations and is following up with the implementation of community stabilization and community violence reduction (CS and CVR) activities in return communities in the Central African Republic.

As part of the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), IOM is responding to displacement resulting from internal conflict while encouraging peaceful return through community stabilization and community violence reduction activities including cash for work, rehabilitation/construction of basic socio – economic infrastructures, professionalization/skills training of youths with conflict carrying capacities and training and sensitization on social cohesion, peacebuilding and peaceful coexistence, conflict mitigation and conflict management, etc.

IOM is part of the durable solution and early recovery working groups and contributes to the identification of durable solutions to displacement throughout the Central African Republic. The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is used to gather, process, and share data with the Government and the humanitarian community on the dynamics of displacement and return intentions of IDPs. The DTM enables the humanitarian community to track the number of displaced persons and returnees, and identify displacement and return locations and the needs of conflict-affected populations. While the majority of the displaced express their intention to return, primary concerns relate to general living conditions (e.g. damage to homes), food insecurity and economic vulnerability (including lack of financial means to return home), and political insecurity. Consequently, factors enabling return or relocation are tangible improvements to security, housing and access to basic social services.

In 2019, IOM continues to provide return assistance to conflict affected individuals through shelter rehabilitation/construction, distribution of NFI, rehabilitation/construction of basic socio – economic infrastructures and protection monitoring including complaint and feedback mechanism. The DTM component regularly informs the humanitarian community on movement trends (displacements) including return of IDPs. These efforts are followed up and consolidated by CVR and CS activities. CVR and CS activities in CAR aim to improve security and contribute to protection of civilians at the local level, through the economic and social reinsertion of individuals associated with armed groups, non-eligible for the national DDR program, and community members, with a specific focus on youth with conflict carrying capacities and women. The economic reinsertion component comprises cash for work to rehabilitate/construct community infrastructures and vocational training coupled with income generating activities (IGA). The social reinsertion component comprises local capacity building in conflict resolution and community dialogue. Weapons’ collection exercises aim at reducing the means of violence to complement the socio-economic components. As such, CVR activities constitute an essential grass-root community engagement tool to prevent and reduce inter and intra-communal violence in major hotspots, revitalize local economies, and promote peaceful coexistence and social cohesion, thereby contributing to the protection of civilians and the creation of a secure environment. IOM intends to expand and extend its CS and CVR coverage in priority locations where its offices are operational, for example, the extension of the current CVR project in Bambari, the setting up of CS and CVR activities in Bangassou, follow up of community stabilization activities in N’dele, etc. As such, IOM seeks to promote a common approach and strategy (in terms of harmonizing and consolidating programme activities) for community stabilization and CVR projects in CAR. This is to ensure that project methodologies and procedures are followed for all programme activities regardless of the area of intervention (Kaga Bandoro, N’dele, Paoua and Bambari; as well as future zones where IOM might be interested in receiving funding to extend stabilization and CVR activities). Community stabilization and CVR activities targets youths with conflict carrying capacities with key emphasis on community infrastructure rehabilitation/construction, professional/skills trainings of project beneficiaries and conflict mediation, social cohesion, GBV, literacy/alphabetization in basic reading and calculation. These activities remain purely community – driven. In these locations, CVR and CS activities focus on supporting the fragile peace process and strive to maintain the momentum of community stabilization through the strengthening of local peace building capacities. The constructive and professional engagement of young people who considered violence (enrollment into armed groups) as the only alternative to survival create a change in the socio – economic status of the communities thereby having significant reduction in the number of security incidents reported. IOM CAR mission continues to engage potential donors to increase/consolidate the level of response in existing zones and to expand activities in areas where CVR activities are not being implemented. While IOM CAR is also seeking follow up projects to CS and CVR activities in N’dele and Bambari but will lobby harder to help consolidate the security gains made so far in Bangassou by introducing CS and CVR activities on the axis towards Alindao and Rafai. It will be very important to uphold and consolidate the gains made so far in CVR activities. IOM is the only UN agency present in N'dele and the only agency with established presence in Bangassou. IOM co-leads the CCCM/NFI/Shelter Cluster and just produced the cluster strategy that was recently validated by partners. IOM is benefiting from the services of a Protection Expert with funding from PROCAP. This support was strategic in strengthening IOM in the protection cluster. The HCT protection strategy is at its final stage of review expected to be validated soon. IOM also serves as the ASMT Chair in Bambari.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 38.240


Contact Information: Jean Francois Aguilera, Chief of Mission, jfaguilera@iom.int, +23672187635; Kamara Mohamed M. Programme Coordinator, mohkamara@iom.int, +23672724952  


IOM Offices: Main Office - Bangui; Other Locations - Paoua, N'dele, Kaga Bandoro, Bambari and Bangassou.


International Staff: 20


National Staff: 110


Total Requested:
$38,361,832
Total Funded:
$32,219,078
Percentage Funded:
84%
Projects
CAR Humanitarian Response Plan 2019
Requested 5,250,000 | Received: 4,120,239 | Percentage funded: 78%

  CCCM / Shelter / NFI

  • Return assistance to vulnerable conflict-affected individuals and socio-economic support to host communities
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,500,000
    Objective:
    Provide return assistance to vulnerable conflict-affected individuals and support host communities in recovering basic socio-economic infrastructures through the rehabilitation/construction of shelters for vulnerable households and community infrastructures for the communities.
    Beneficiaries:
    4,000 individuals
  • CAR Humanitarian Response Plan 2019
    Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 780,399
    Objective:
    Provide life savings support to conflict-affected individuals through the distribution of shelter kits and replacement of basic household materials that they lost during the conflicts (NFI).
    Beneficiaries:
    4,000 individuals

  Protection

  • Enhancing the protection of vulnerable persons and capacity building of national institutions
    Amount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 250,000
    Objective:
    Contribute to enhancing the protection of vulnerable persons and establish complaint - feedback mechanism through capacity building of national institutions.
    Beneficiaries:
    1,000 individuals
CAR National DDRR Programme
Requested 7,111,832 | Received: 6,084,208 | Percentage funded: 86%

  Disarmament, Demobilization, Reinsertion and Repatriation (DDRR)

  • CAR National DDRR Programme
    Amount Requested: USD 7,111,832 Amount Received: USD 6,084,208
    Objective:
    Ex-combatants participating in the program are reintegrated into civilian life. Activities include: i) Support the economic reintegration of ex-combatants through counselling, training, handing over of kits and the establishment of income-generating activities (IGAs) and job offers to help program beneficiaries to develop sustainable and sustainable livelihoods; ii) supporting small socio-economic infrastructures.
    Beneficiaries:
    1,596 individuals
Plan National de Relevement et de Consolidation de la Paix 2017-2021
Requested 26,000,000 | Received: 22,014,631 | Percentage funded: 85%

  Durable Solutions and Early Recovery Working Groups

  • Social and economic reintegration of youths with conflict carrying capacities
    Amount Requested: USD 16,000,000 Amount Received: USD 15,300,000
    Objective:
    Social and economic reintegration of youths with conflict carrying capacities through cash for work activities, skills training and establishment of income-generating activities (IGAs) for beneficiaries and trainings, and sensitization on social cohesion, peacebuilding and peaceful coexistence, conflict resolution and mitigation, and gender-based violence.
    Beneficiaries:
    12,000 individuals
  • Improve local security and the social and economic reinsertion of armed elements
    Amount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 4,215,479
    Objective:
    Improve local security and the social and economic reinsertion of armed elements that are not eligible for the national DDR program and youths with conflict carrying capacities through cash for work, rehabilitation/construction of socio-economic infrastructures, professional trainings and establishment of IGAs for beneficiaries and trainings and sensitization on social cohesion, peacebuilding and peaceful coexistence, conflict resolution and mitigation, and gender-based violence.
    Beneficiaries:
    1,500 individuals
  • Emergency shelter, NFI support and psychosocial support for the displaced populations in Bangassou, Gambo and Rafai, including DTM
    Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 750,000
    Objective:
    Provide emergency response to the immediate shelter and NFI needs of the displaced populations in Bangassou, Gambo and Rafai accompanied by psychosocial support services and data collection throughout the sector to inform the rest of the humanitarian community and government counterparts of the most pressing, multisectoral needs on the ground.
    Beneficiaries:
    7,500 individuals
  • Social reinsertion of armed groups members
    Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 999,152
    Objective:
    Reduce violence within and improve the security of communities in targeted locations of the Paoua sub-prefecture through economic and social reinsertion of 7,000 armed groups members non-eligible for participation in the national DDR programme and selected members of the communities.
    Beneficiaries:
    7,000 individuals
  • Promotion of peaceful community dialogues
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 750,000
    Objective:
    Promote peaceful community dialogues aimed at conflict prevention and management among agro-pastoral communities through capacity building of national institutions and local organizations including national security and the ministries of agriculture and animal; promote a positive perception of marginalized groups in transhumance and encourage institutional and political dialogues among transhumant countries.
    Beneficiaries:
    240 individuals, as well as communities along the transhumance corridors
Total Requested:
$38,361,832
Total Funded:
$32,219,078
Percentage Funded:
84%
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