The humanitarian context in Cameroon is changing. A new area of the country composed of the two English speaking regions (the North-West and South-West regions) now also requires humanitarian assistance since the political and social instability, exacerbated by sporadic violence, has had a negative impact on the civilian population. In November 2017, the socio-political crisis progressively translated into insecurity and armed violence. Since then, the escalation of tension and upsurge in hostilities between non-state armed groups and defense and security forces have triggered humanitarian needs across the two regions, linked to significant internal displacement. The IOM, as part of the Emergency Response Plan designed by the humanitarian community in Cameroon, plans to setup a Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM, Mobility Tracking) project in the shortest delay as to inform the humanitarian community on the magnitude of the displacements, the situation and the condition of the affected populations in both regions. As of today, numbers articulated in terms of Internally Displaced Persons in the two regions have been very approximate and different depending on the source used. In this context, IOM’s DTM program is crucial as to provide the most accurate information to humanitarian actors, so to enable the relief effort.
In the Far North region and since the beginning of the Boko Haram crisis in Cameroon in 2014, signiﬁcant population movements have been observed throughout. According to IOM Cameroon’s May 2018 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) report, an estimated total of 238,099 internally displaced persons (IDPs), 31,681 unregistered refugees, and 83,141 returnees are present throughout the region. The figures have continued to increase since the beginning of the exercise in 2015, highlighting that the continued climate of insecurity characterized by kamikaze attacks and the burning and/or pillaging of villages explains the ongoing and new displacements witnessed in the region.
In 2018, IOM aims to continue the implementation of the DTM which informs the humanitarian community and local authorities on the living conditions of the affected populations, their intentions, and records new displacements. It is also planned to explore the possible solutions that could be brought to deal with the agro-pastoral conflicts, which is a phenomenon that can be witnessed in different regions of the country.
IOM will also provide psychosocial support to address a variety of psychological pressures, from integration/reintegration questions to the ones associated with death, separation and destruction witnessed in the recent past.
Finally, as the number of returnees is increasing, IOM intends to support progress towards achieving durable solutions by supporting sustainable reintegration. The Return Intention Survey conducted by IOM in December 2017 indicated that 26% of IDPs indicated their intention to return to their area of origin, emphasizing the importance of enhanced security, rehabilitation of damaged homes and improvement of access to basic services. IOM will support infrastructure rehabilitation through cash for work schemes which temporarily employ returnees and local community members.
IOM is present in Cameroon through its different oﬃces in Yaounde (country oﬃce), Douala, Maroua and Kousseri. It is working in close collaboration with local authorities and takes part in the Protection, Shelter/NFI & Early recovery clusters.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 21,200 IDPs & returnees
Contact Information: Boubacar SEYBOU, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, +237671021557; Jan BONHÔTE, Program Support Officer, email@example.com, +237650280766; https://www.iom.int/fr/countries/cameroun; https://www.facebook.com/OIMCameroun/
IOM Offices: Country Office: 1 (Yaoundé), Sub-Offices: 1(Maroua), Other locations IOM carries out activities: Douala and Kousseri
International Staff: 6
National Staff: 30
- Informed the Humanitarian Community and the Government about the situation of 342,416 individuals in the Far North Region of Cameroon.
- Supported the affected population of the Far North region by providing 15,147 individuals with NFI/Shelter kits.
- Provided seeds and agricultural tools to 9,586 individuals.
- Provided psycho-social support to 5,666 persons that had been directly affected by the conflict.
Emergency Assistance to Conflict Affected Populations in Cameroon: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 883,127Objective:Contribute to ensuring an adequate response to the needs of populations affected by the Boko Haram crisis in the Far North region of Cameroon. Providing reliable and up to date information on the number and the condition of IDPs, returnees and out of camp refugees to governmental and humanitarian actors to inform the humanitarian response in the Far North region of Cameroon.Beneficiaries:Direct: + 50 organizations; Indirect: more than 340,000 individuals
Psychosocial support for IDP's, returnees and host communities in the Far North region of CameroonAmount Requested: USD 400,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Reduce levels of distress and assist in the development of coping mechanisms for populations whose emotional wellness has been negatively affected by the Boko Haram insurgency, taking into account the specific needs of women, men, girls, boys and most vulnerable cases.Beneficiaries:2,500 individuals, mostly IDPS but returnees and host communities will also be included
Emergency Assistance to the Displaced Populations in the North-West and South-West Regions of Cameroon: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)Amount Requested: USD 150,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Inform the humanitarian community on the magnitude of the displacements in the North-West and South-West regions of Cameroon, as well as on the living conditions of the affected populations. Support the humanitarian actors in better targeting their action by giving detailed information on the displaced populations and their location.Beneficiaries:Direct: +50 organizations; Indirect: more than 160,000 individuals
Shelter and Non-food items
Provide NFI / Shelter to the most vulnerable persons affected by the Nigerian crisis in the Far North region of CameroonAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide urgent assistance to populations affected by the Boko Haram insurgency through the distribution of NFI and shelter kits.Beneficiaries:20,000 beneficiaries equally distributed between men and women. IDPs are mostly targeted through this action
Facilitating the early recovery of populations affected by the Boko Haram crisis through access to short term income and rehabilitation of community infrastructure in the Far North region of CameroonAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute to the early recovery of affected populations in host / return communities in the Far North region of Cameroon. This will be achieved through the improvement and/or creation of community infrastructures identified through communal consultation. These infrastructures will be built by affected populations providing an alternative source of income during the implementation stage of the project. The overall aim being to provide a higher quality of life for returning populations and displaced populations during their period of displacement.Beneficiaries:600 adult women and 600 adult men (incl. 500 are IDPs, 500 are returnees and 200 are host community indivuduals)
Immediate assistance to vulnerable populations at risk of food insecurity in the Far North regionAmount Requested: USD 303,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project will contribute to alleviation of suffering of the displaced, returned and host community populations in the Far North region of Cameroon through the distribution of agricultural kits to improve the beneficiary population's capacity to meet their basic economic and food needs.Beneficiaries:7,500 adult women and 7,500 adult men (incl. 10,000 are IDPs, 2,500 returnees and 2,500 host community individuals)