Burundi is located in an earthquake-prone zone of the Great Lakes Region, often affected by extreme weather and catastrophic natural events. Burundi’s climate-related events, combined with a socio- political and security situation in decline since 2015, have resulted in mass displacement within the country. As of June 2018, 129,965 people are internally displaced in Burundi as a result of natural hazards, out of a total of over 178,267 IDPs. Limited access to land and food scarcity are two critical issues faced by Burundi’s displaced population. Poor rainfall, rising costs of food staples and inﬂation have contributed to the lack of access to food by the most vulnerable of populations. In general, the humanitarian situation of IDPs continues to deteriorate, and humanitarian assistance is critically important, immediately following the occurrence of natural hazards or other emergency events, complemented by early efforts to transition into development-orientated interventions.
As part of the inter-agency Joint Response Plan by the UN system, NGOs and other partners to facilitate the safe, digniﬁed and orderly return of Burundians from Tanzania (Sept 2017 – Dec 2018), IOM is prepared to assist in the voluntary return of displaced returnees, considering the needs and concerns of local communities. To this effect, in January 2018, IOM launched a revised appeal focusing on: 1) sustainable reintegration; 2) emergency shelter assistance; and 3) border management support and coordination. IOM will continue to contribute to the sustainable reintegration of returnees through inclusive approaches responding to locally-identified needs.
IOM is co-lead of the NFI/Shelter and CCCM sectors, co-lead of the Anti-Traﬃcking Task Team, and is actively engaged in the United Nations Country Team (UNCT), the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), the Programme Management Team Meetings (PMT), the Inter-Sector meetings led by OCHA, the Protection Sector, the Health Sector and the Logistics Sector, and maintains strong connections with the humanitarian and development community and government agencies. IOM works with the National Platform for Natural Disaster and Catastrophes, which represents the ministries that cover the areas of assistance to IDPs, and assists in the implementation and expansion of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and further trainings in close collaboration with the volunteers of the Burundian Red Cross.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM Appeal Voluntary Repatriation of Burundians in Tanzania (January - December 2018) which is in line with the inter-agency Burundi Humanitarian Response Plan 2018 and Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan 2018. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 575,150 individuals, including 220,000 IDPs, 150 victims of trafficking, 4,500 mental health patients, 350,000 migrants, and 500 Border Management Officials
Contact Information: AJ Morgen, IOM Burundi Chief of Mission, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Phone Number (Office): +25722301414, IOM Website: International Organization for Migration (IOM), Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/IOMBurundi, Twitter: https://twitter.com/IOMBurundi
IOM Offices: Country Office: 1, Sub-Office: 1, Field Offices: 4
International Staff: 17
National Staff: 81
- Health and nutrition support: In 2017, approximately 3,200 immigrants underwent a comprehensive immigrant medical exam; 1,500 underwent a repeat medical exam for fitness to travel and could be resettled in a safe and humane way in third countries; 10 immigrants were diagnosed with active tuberculosis and their family members screened, thus reducing the spread of communicable diseases among vulnerable populations; 50 immigrants with mental health conditions were reviewed by a qualified psychiatrist and received treatment with notable improvement, thus reducing the overall burden of disease to the families; and 150 immigrants were diagnosed with non-communicable diseases, began treatment and received monthly follow-up care at the IOM clinic.
- Sustainable reintegration and livelihoods: Through peaceful integration initiatives designed to facilitate coexistence, implementation of vocational and financial training, provision of income-generating activities, and assistance for education and basic health care for women, children and adolescents, IOM supported the reintegration and economic development of more than 3,650 direct beneficiaries, while more than 82,000 displaced persons, returnees and vulnerable host communities benefitted from social cohesion activities.
- Shelter/NFI: In 2017, IOM provided assistance in 6 provinces (Bubanza, Cankuzo, Makamba, Rutana, Ruyigi, Rumonge) in collaboration with CARE in Muyinga, and with the Burundi Red Cross. Emergency Shelter Kits were distributed to 860 households (IOM, CARE) and NFI kits to 735 households (IOM, CARE) to target beneficiaries.
- Protection: 1) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) -The Displacement Tracking Matrix extended from 11 to 18 provinces to reach national coverage. 2) Counter-trafficking - Over 30,000 vulnerable people were reached by an awareness raising campaign, over 50 victims of trafficking were identified and assisted, and over 150 professionals were trained (law enforcement, community mobilizers, media and Hotline operators). 3) Psychosocial - 3,196 beneficiaries received psychosocial counseling sessions, 130 capacity building sessions were conducted for psychosocial animators and protection committees, while a total of 8,204 direct beneficiaries were supported through programme activities.
- Border management support and coordination: 140 border officials were trained on counter-migrant smuggling and document security; an improvement in the attitude towards cooperation regarding trafficking among members of the Immigration Police was noticeable.
- Transportation assistance: Through resettlement activities, 1,574 refugees benefited from air transport from the IOM Transit Centre to resettlement countries; approximatively 800 refugees benefitted from land transport from camps to the Transit Centre before departure to resettlement countries; and 1,320 individuals benefitted from land transport for health screenings.
Health and Nutrition
Comprehensive response to community health issues at regional, national, and community levelsAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 250,000Objective:To contribute to collaborative national and regional efforts in promoting public health measures in humanitarian border management and strengthening the capacities of border officials to effectively prepare and respond to public health emergencies. Contribute to improved health practices at the community level through strengthened capacity of health workers and key community members. Activities include: i) Support the establishment of a Regional Working Group on Humanitarian and Border Health Management; ii) Conduct two regional workshops on Humanitarian and Border Health Management in Goma, DRC to develop, review and validate joint SOPs on Humanitarian and Health Border Management; iii) Capacity strengthening for frontline border control officers on Humanitarian and Border Health Management; iv) Simulation exercise on Humanitarian and Border Health emergency; v) Capacity strengthening of community health workers and health promoters on food and personal hygiene practices, safe water, prevention of infectious diseases, mental health and psychosocial support; vi) Capacity strengthening of key community members on health promotion including prevention and vector control, signs and symptoms, and treatment; provision of vector surveillance equipment; vii) Capacity strengthening of health facilities through the provision of basic health equipment for delivery of quality health services; viii) Health promotion campaigns including awareness creation, distribution of mosquito nets and/or netting barriers on windows and doors, vaccination campaigns; ix) Promotion of sexual and reproductive health and rights including maternal and neonatal health, feminine hygiene; and x) Promotion of good nutrition practices.Beneficiaries:200,000 returnees, IDPs, former IDPs, cross-border communities, host communities; Government of Burundi; Ministry of Public Security: 120 Immigration and Border officials; Ministry of Public Health; Government of DRC
Facilitating transport for IDPs, returnees and other migrants in BurundiAmount Requested: USD 3,400,000 Amount Received: USD 10,000Objective:To facilitate safe, orderly and dignified voluntary return of migrants in Burundi and returning refugees/migrants in partnership with the humanitarian community. Activities include: i) provide transport assistance to internally displaced persons as needed to integrate/reintegrate into the 18 provinces of Burundi; and ii) upon request from the humanitarian community, the Government of Burundi and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo, IOM will provide return assistance by road or boat to Congolese migrants who wish to return home.Beneficiaries:Between 10,000 and 80,000 migrants, returnees, and IDPs
Socio-economic reintegration of returnees, internally displaced persons and vulnerable host communitiesAmount Requested: USD 2,500,000 Amount Received: USD 516,000Objective:To contribute to sustainable socio-economic solutions for returnees, IDPs and vulnerable host community members, and linking them to labor market opportunities through private sector engagement. Activities include: i) conduct community dialogue sessions to encourage social cohesion and identify community needs for Quick Impact Projects (QIPs); ii) complete QIPs aimed at improving community capacity to absorb returnee population; iii) improve socioeconomic capacity of vulnerable populations through: 1) on-the-job trainings; 2) cash-for-work; 3) market-orientated skills building through vocational training; and 4) entrepreneurship and innovation trainings; and iv) strengthen private sector engagement by conducting a service mapping and linking beneficiaries directly to the labour market.Beneficiaries:50,000 individuals (returnees, IDPs and vulnerable host community members)
Shelter and Non-food items
Comprehensive Humanitarian Shelter/NFI Response to IDPs, returnees and host communitiesAmount Requested: USD 8,200,000 Amount Received: USD 1,267,000Objective:To provide comprehensive shelter to IDPs and host communities affected by natural disasters, as well as Burundian returnees from Tanzania. Activities include: i) preposition shelter and Non-Food non-food item (NFI) kits to repair affected houses in disaster-prone areas, respond to emergencies and support affected populations; ii) provision of rental and shelter repair cash grants through bank and/or phone transfers, reaching 1,000 of the most vulnerable of the 26,000 IDP households living in urban areas throughout the country; iii) seek durable shelter solutions for the 3,000 people (600 households) living in collective sites by improving traditional construction mechanisms; iv) provision of semi-permanent shelter, repair shelter kits, cash grants and NFI kits to 15% of the most vulnerable returnees from Tanzania, targeting the provinces of Makamba, Rutana, Ruyigi and Muyinga, where the biggest returnee population is concentrated in Burundi; v) train civil servants and host communities using a shelter risk reduction approach; and vi) conduct sensitization sessions to increase awareness of safe construction mechanisms aiming to prevent landslides and the destruction of houses due to poor construction techniques and usage of low-quality materials.Beneficiaries:45,600 IDPs and host communities affected by catastrophes and 13,500 returnees
Counter-Trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Preventing and responding to exploitation of vulnerable migrants, including trafficking in personsAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 590,000Objective:To improve the understanding of the scale and manifestation of TiP in the humanitarian context in Burundi, enhance the capacity of diverse stakeholders involved in the humanitarian response, and provide protection and reintegration support to trafficking survivors. Activities include: i) an assessment to identify and document cases of exploitation, trends, risks and magnitude; ii) adapted capacity-building trainings delivered to multisector stakeholders involved in the humanitarian response to equip them with the knowledge and tools to identify and refer cases. Specific attention will be paid to training staff positioned at key geographic and strategic points, including camp managers, health professionals, border guards or other front-line workers; iii) awareness-raising efforts, including advocacy and prevention campaigns, will be developed and implemented; and iv) assistance to victims identified will be provided in a gender sensitive and age appropriate manner. This will include medical, psychological and other services as required. This may extend to group therapy sessions and the development of support groups and associations. A one-stop facility for victims of trafficking and other vulnerable migrants will be established to provide a safe space with access to appropriate services.Beneficiaries:50,000 beneficiaries, including 500 VoT, 200 training participants and 50,000 community members sensitized
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), psychosocial assistance and community-based protection, including strengthening communicating with communities (CwC)Amount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 883,000Objective:To enhance community-based protection by identifying and profiling IDPs through DTM, strengthening communicating with affected communities' mechanisms and providing psychosocial assistance, and establishing community-based protection mechanisms. The objective of the project is to reinforce the protection of those affected both by the socio-political situation and natural disasters identified through the DTM, through humanitarian need referral mechanisms, access to psychosocial care and reinforcement of community structures. Activities will include: i) monitoring of internal displacement and emergency events; ii) establishment of two-way communication mechanisms; iii) provision of Individual and Community-based psychosocial assistance, including capacity building of psychosocial committees, family or group counseling, specialized psychological support and community sensitization activities; and iv) income-generating activities to support the socioeconomic reintegration of psychosocial patients.Beneficiaries:220,000 beneficiaries, including 4,500 mental health patients, 175,000 IDPs, 15,000 returnees and 30,000 from host communities
Technical Assistance for Humanitarian Border Management
Support for cross-border petty-trade and border control infrastructure along the borders of BurundiAmount Requested: USD 2,750,000 Amount Received: USD 291,000Objective:To support trading activities of vulnerable families living along the borders of Burundi by facilitating access to credit, identifying new markets and new products, encouraging the formation of associations and working on value-chains, while also upgrading border control infrastructure and easing bureaucratic obstacles at border points. Activities include: i) field assessment and mapping of trading activities in 7 border points; ii) conduct 3 market assessments (Rwanda, DR Congo and Tanzania) to identify threats and opportunities for Burundian traders; iii) support the establishment of associations and their linkage with local producers; iv) provision of credit facilities; v) work with the Office Burundais de Recettes in revising tax legislation and practices; vi) provide training and information to traders on applicable tax legislation; vii) provide 15 official border points with equipment and software to monitor migration flows; viii) provide basic infrastructure in 4 newly created border points; ix) conduct 15 border point assessments to identify needs and capacity gaps; x) provide support to the GCM for the upgrading of their training center; and xi) conduct training on humanitarian response mechanisms for border officials.Beneficiaries:300,000 migrants in the first year, 520 Border officials, 14,000 traders