Myanmar, resulting in mass displacement of civilians and the suspension of most aid activities. Since then, over 500,000 Rohingya refugees have crossed the border into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, joining some 300,000 that had fled in earlier waves of displacement.
Many new spontaneous settlements have sprung up in already congested areas. There are currently two formal refugee camps, three makeshift settlements, six spontaneous sites, as well as two main communities hosting refugees. Along the border regions of Bandarban and Cox’s Bazar, groups have settled in or near no man’s land, presenting additional access challenges. On 14 September, the Government of Bangladesh allocated 2,000 acres of forest land to set up a new camp in Ukhia Upazila. People have begun arriving at the new site before infrastructure and services have been fully established.
The speed and scale of the influx has resulted in a critical humanitarian emergency. The Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar is highly vulnerable, having fled conflict with very few possessions and experienced severe trauma.
The humanitarian response to the influx of Rohingya to Cox’s Bazar is coordinated by the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG), established in 2017 and led by IOM at the request of the Government of Bangladesh.
The present appeal outlines IOM’s funding requirements from September 2017 until February 2018 in line with the Humanitarian Response Plan. IOM operations focus on six sectors of assistance: Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI), Site Management, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Health, Coordination, Protection and one working group: Communication with Communities (CwC). IOM leads the coordination of two sectors (Shelter/NFI and Site Management) as well as the CwC working group.
Note: the projects below are in line with the IOM Appeal - Rohingya Refugee Crisis (September 2017 - February 2018) which is in line with the interagency Humanitarian Response Plan for Bangladesh developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 675,000 Rohingya refugees
Contact Information: Contact Contact the Donor Relations Division Tel: +41.22.717.9111
IOM Offices: Country Office: Dhaka; Sub-Offices: Cox’s Bazar and Sylhet; Presence in Dhaka, Cox’s Bazar, Teknaf and Sylhet.
International Staff: 61
National Staff: 428
- Shelter and Non-Food Items: IOM distributed 40,000 tarpaulins reaching 200,000 people. As heavy rains affected the new arrivals and the humanitarian response alike, IOM has distributed over 15,000 umbrellas. Over 2,800 NFI kits, 4,600 sleeping mats and 4,200 blankets were distributed in this period, with female headed households and families with disabled members prioritized in the distributions. IOM procured a further 140,000 humanitarian shelter grade plastic sheeting and 435,000 NFI to address the acute and immense needs of shelter and household NFI. IOM leads the coordination of the Shelter & NFI sector, where 22 organizations participate in the coordination of the response.
- Site Management: IOM is working closely with partners to identify and mobilize site management agencies to improve coordination of services at site level, referring critical gaps in assistance to relevant actors and sector lead agencies. Three IOM site management teams are currently working in key areas of Kutupalong, Ulchiprang and Balukhali, engaging humanitarian actors and providing information and referral services to the Rohingya population The Site Development Task Force, composed of IOM, UNHCR and the Refugee, Relief and Repatriation Committee (RRRC), is currently focusing on improving access to the refugees population with road construction in the Kutupalong extension site and development of the site plan, using a collaborative multi-sector approach to ensure better coordination with all relevant stakeholders. A zoning map to facilitate the coordination of mapping and delivery of services in the extension area/new site development has been developed and an information management and mapping strategy for more effective data collection established. So far IOM built 650m of brick road and 3,000 m pathways through cash for work.
- WASH: 243,000 liters of water has been supplied to Unchiprang. On average,18,000 liters of water is supplied daily, serving 2,400 people (7.5 liters per capita per day). 6 tube wells have been bored. 8,480 families have received 10 liter jerry cans. A total of 400 emergency pit latrines and 24 Mobile toilets have been installed. 500 families received Hygiene kits. The installation of WASH facilities is being scaled up to meet the demand in coordination with other actors as well as the Government of Bangladesh.
- Protection: Since August, IOM protection team scaled up prioritization of most at risk individuals and referred them to specific services, including medical health facilities. Psychosocial First Aid (FPA) was provided to more than 1500 individuals and women safe spaces set- up. GBV survivors were able to be redirected to appropriate services, including medical ones. As a prevention and immediate support tool, 2135 dignity kits and 550 solar lamps were distributed to most at risk women and girls residing in the settlements. The team started to support the identification of unaccompanied and separated children for documentation, tracing and family reunification while identifying interim care arrangements and alternative care.
- Communication with Communities: IOM is responding to the information needs of affected communities through the deployment of the Communication with Communities field team. Field team members are deployed to major sites, providing referrals and disseminating life-saving messages to the Rohingya arriving. IOM volunteers are supporting the efforts and establishing information hubs in a number of critical locations. When necessary, field teams are deployed to address emerging issues and provide initial outreach services to developing sites. At the working group level, IOM is deploying resources to ensure the quality and effectiveness of messaging, and establish a joint feedback mechanism that can consolidate incoming information and inform sectoral responses.
Communication with Communities
Communication with CommunitiesAmount Requested: USD 2,281,104 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Ensure that new arrival know what services are available to them. IOM will support the CwC Working Group through the following activities: a) Daily messaging through Rohingya volunteers; b) Radio transmission of life saving messaging; c) Awareness campaigns on access to information and other key issues; d) Deployment of information kiosks/posts and community outreach teams to disseminate information, make referrals, perform targeted community consultations, household visits and gather feedback through open air meetings; e) Awareness raising and community feedback program on community stabilisation and conflict reduction between host communities and Rohingya; f) Coordination of the CwC Working Group including support partners with a common messaging function, information needs assessments and community consultations, common feedback mechanism and capacity building of Working Group member field staff.Beneficiaries:331,789 Rohingya refugees
CoordinationAmount Requested: USD 3,322,350 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support humanitarian actors, and ensure effective and clear links among all stakeholders, so that an effective and comprehensive response can be delivered rapidly. IOM priorities under this sector include: a) Reinforcement of the capacity of the inter-sector coordination group to coordinate the humanitarian response in Dhaka, Cox’s Bazar and in the field; b) Establishment of humanitarian hubs (light based camps) for humanitarian partners in Cox’s Bazar; c) Support access and build capacities of International and local NGOs; d) Support and capacity building of local and national authorities; e) Strengthening of data and information management, and improve monitoring and reporting systems on affected populations movements and needs; f) Management of the humanitarian programme appeal cycle, including needs assessments, analyses and response planning; g) Ensure gender and protection are mainstreamed across the response at all times and humanitarian partners engage with affected communities whenever possible; h)Scale up advocacy initiatives and resource mobilization efforts with the donor community.Beneficiaries:45 humanitarian partners
HealthAmount Requested: USD 8,968,141 Amount Received: USD 196,555Objective:Provide immediate primary and secondary health care for new arrivals, with high reported numbers of injuries and the absence of clinical services. New settlements urgently require the establishment of primary health care and public health interventions. Government health facilities also require strengthening to respond to the increased caseload. Activities will be carried out in two phases focusing on the immediate and intermediate health needs.Beneficiaries:607,735 Rohingya refugees
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Water, Sanitation, and HygieneAmount Requested: USD 10,097,515 Amount Received: USD 3,130,651Objective:Enable vector control and restore basic human dignity. In line with the WASH sector strategy, IOM will implement the following activities: a) Installation and maintenance of water points in the existing and new settlements (emergency shallow wells, water trucking and deep tube wells); b) Installation and maintenance of gender segregated emergency pit latrines with 5-chambers each, followed by semi-permanent community 3-chamber latrines, and household latrines to provide safe sanitation facilities in new settlements and host communities; c) Installation and maintenance of 2-chamber bathing blocks for women and girls; d) Organisation of hygiene promotion awareness activities and distribution of hygiene kits; e) Installation of garbage bins within the community to manage solid waste.Beneficiaries:331,520 Rohingya refugees
Site ManagementAmount Requested: USD 13,448,296 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Ensure that affected populations have access to the appropriate level of assistance and protection. IOM will undertake the following site management activities: a) Establishment of Site Management Agency (SMA) services (through direct implementation and the provision of grant to humanitarian partners) in 10 makeshift and spontaneous settlements; b) Provision of site management training and on-the-job mentoring to site management sector partners and government authorities; c) Set up site governance structures, inclusive of both Rohingyas and host communities to assess needs, analyse conflicts, and jointly identify solutions; d) Provide Cash for Work opportunities to affected populations to implement collective activities aimed at improving the living conditions and mitigate hazards in the sites and surrounding host communities; e) Conduct regular assessments in all sites through the IOM Needs and Population Monitoring teams, to ensure that basic information on services available and population data are available to humanitarian partners to support the provision of appropriate and coordinated assistance; f) Ensure the coordination of the site management Sector.Beneficiaries:675,000 Rohingya refugees
Site DevelopmentAmount Requested: USD 27,038,900 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM is leading the Site Management Sector in Cox’s Bazar. In coordination with sector partners and authorities, IOM will implement the following site development activities: a) Construction of approximately 150 km of roads and drainage, including necessary bridges and other infrastructure to ensure access to all areas of the sites; b) Earthworks and soil protection in 14 blocks/sites each tentatively hosting 25,000 individuals, including heavy works with equipment and cash for work for smaller scale infrastructure improvements c) 7 large distribution sites made ready to allow for the establishment of major distribution and service hubs by partners; d) Establishment of small scale service points, internal drainage and pathways, and other needs in coordination with site management partners; e) Installation of 7,000 solar street lamps to provide safety and security at key service points and along roads and pathways; f) Coordination of the site development working group, hosted under the site management sector.Beneficiaries:350,000 Rohingya refugees