As a result of the protracted conﬂict over Nagorno Karabakh with Armenia, approximately one million Azerbaijanis were forcibly displaced according to the oﬃcial statistics, becoming IDPs and refugees. The continued clashes that took place in April 2016 at the frontline demonstrated that there is a constant risk of escalation that may erupt at any time. The last ﬂare-up of hostilities between Azerbaijan and Armenia particularly affected the lives of communities residing in areas close to the frontline.
IOM has been implementing projects to address the socio-economic needs of the conﬂict-affected population in the country. IDPs and refugees face a higher rate of unemployment and poverty than that of the general population. While the overall rate of unemployment is about five per cent countrywide, it’s about 15 per cent among the displaced persons and refugees. IDP employment rates are low while rates of economic inactivity are high, making government subsidies by far the greatest contribution to IDP incomes. Fifty-four per cent of all IDP household members are reported as being economically inactive, compared to 36 per cent of non-IDPs. When it comes to household heads, 26 per cent of heads of household in IDP families are inactive compared to 16 per cent in non-IDP households. Mine victims, of which there are about 2,500 in the country, are one of the most vulnerable groups of the conﬂict-affected population, and face the same challenges. IOM enhances the opportunities for socio-economic reintegration of these vulnerable groups and their family members, by helping them to earn their livelihoods, improve their standard of living and become participatory members with enhanced self-esteem in their society. While reintegration assistance focuses on individual and group vulnerabilities, the community stabilization and transition initiatives IOM envisages target interventions at the community level. Under the health component, IOM Azerbaijan plans to design and implement interventions to improve access to primary health care services, including mental and psychosocial support.
IOM is a member of all clusters in Azerbaijan as an implementing partner and co-leads the CCCM and Shelter/NFI Clusters, and works in close cooperation with other humanitarian actors to avoid overlapping of assistance. IOM Azerbaijan enjoys close relations with state agencies, particularly the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Emergency Situations, State Migration Service, State Border Service, State Committee on IDP and Refugee Affairs, and civil society organizations. IOM has a strong presence in the country due to the wide spectrum of its current activities, targeting different types of vulnerabilities in the country.
Note: the projects below are part of IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 25,000 conflict-affected individuals
Contact Information: Anar Iskandarov, Project Assistant, email@example.com, www.iom.az
IOM Offices: Country Office: IOM Azerbaijan, Sub-Offices: IOM Mingachevir, www.iom.az
International Staff: 3
National Staff: 26
Enhancing conflict-affected individuals' access to comprehensive health services in AzerbaijanAmount Requested: USD 2,150,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project is aimed at improving access to primary health care resources for conflict-affected individuals, including mental health and psychosocial services. It seeks to support the vulnerable IDPs and refugees who are unable to consult medical proffesionals due to insufficient funds or a lack of readily available doctors close to their residences. The most vulnerable group of IDPs are those whose primary breadwinner is out of the country for labour purposes. These labourers usually migrate for several months, leaving their families – often including wives, children and aged parents - at home. Additionally, frequent travel can also cause diseases such as, but not limited to, TB and HIV/AIDS. This in turn makes members of their families more vulnerable to contraction as well as any social stigma that these diseases may carry in affected areas. To address these concerns IOM Azerbaijan plans to carry out the following activities: i) Identification of a target group that are most vulnerable to these concerns and whom IOM will provide support to; ii) to restore existing medical posts in vulnerable communities; iii) to train general doctors to diagnose communicable diseases by their general symptoms, which is essential for early detection and successful treatment; iv) Organize trainings of trainers (ToTs) to support remote medical posts and personnel according to their needs; v) Involving professional doctors and experts from competent NGOs to provide mental health-related and psychosocial assistance to the IDP families; and vi) To improve awareness of the services and promote health awareness by: a) Health education and awareness-raising seminars for community members to strengthen awareness on prevention of HIV/AIDS and TB, including stronger health-seeking behaviors; and b) Health prevention and promotion activities such as vaccination, health education, health screening, remote HIV blood testing and TB screening and dissemination of awareness raising materials.Beneficiaries:4500 IDPs
Supporting Return and reintegration of Conflict Affected Population in AzerbaijanAmount Requested: USD 4,300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project aims to enhance the socio-economic reintegration of conflict affected populations. It aims to do so by helping them to earn their livelihoods, improve their standard of living and become participatory members with enhanced self-esteem in society by paying particular attention to economic, social, and psychosocial dimensions. In this regard IOM Azerbaijan plans to carry out the following activities: i) identify conflict affected population in vulnerable situations; ii) provide individual reintegration assistance including assistance in the provision of trainings, small scale grants and micro business mentoring support; and iii) institutional strengthening under which ABAD Public Entity (ASAN Support to Family Business) and Agency for Development of SMEs under Ministry of Economy will be collaborated with.Beneficiaries:8,500 IDPs
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Reducing Vulnerabilities of Conflict Affected Population in AzerbaijanAmount Requested: USD 5,800,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project aims to provide assistance to Government institutions, civil society and local communities to reduce existing vulnerabilities of conflict-affected population in the country. It seeks to do so through addressing negative migration pressures and increasing their resilience to possible threats, including forced and irregular migration, trafficking, and radicalization. The needs of local communities with different vulnerabilities will be addressed through community-based development initiatives. Particular attention will be afforded to developing economic opportunities that empower individuals and households to make informed choices, including on issues such as whether to move or stay in the event of crisis. IOM plans to carry out the following activities: i) assessing socio-economic needs of local communities; ii) capacity-building to increase financial literacy and business development skills; iii) support to individual and household small business initiatives; and iv) support to community-wide initiatives offering opportunities for civic engagement, development of community-level networks and enhancing attachment to the communities.Beneficiaries:12,000 IDPs