The migration context in Afghanistan is multi-faceted and complex. After 40 years of sustained conﬂict and violence, five million Afghan nationals continue to reside in Pakistan and Iran. Afghanistan is simultaneously a country of origin, destination and asylum. Changing climate patterns have further added to vulnerabilities of the communities. As a result, thousands of people in many communities suffer annually due to natural disasters such as floods, landslides, avalanches, droughts and other hazards. Small scale natural disasters, compounded with ongoing conflict, have resulted in hundreds of thousands of people leaving their homes and becoming displaced across the country, and across borders into neighboring countries. In 2018, drought had significantly impacted 21 provinces and around three million people that also resulted in the displacement of over 35,000 families needing humanitarian assistance including shelter, non-food items (NFIs), winterization support, as well as food and WASH support. A total of 32 out of 34 provinces have recorded some level of conflict-induced forced displacement. Constrained humanitarian access hinders assessments, thus preventing verification of the full extent of displacement and undermining the provision of assistance and services. Cross-border returns have continued throughout 2018, with 720,000 returns from Iran and 30,000 returns from Pakistan recorded as of early December 2018. Afghanistan is a mountainous and land locked country with isolated communities which are hard to access. Many natural and manmade hazards threaten the lives and livelihoods of the inhabitants of the country.
IOM Afghanistan’s Humanitarian Assistance Programme focuses on assistance to persons affected and displaced by natural disasters, with the organization present in nine provinces. These provinces consist of the Kabul Country Office and eight Sub-Offices. IOM is currently implementing projects in 34 provinces, including assessing the needs of the affected and displaced population and providing emergency relief assistance through the provision of emergency shelter, NFIs and family tents. IOM Transit Centres at major border crossing points with Pakistan and Iran provide returning Afghan migrants with medical screening, accommodation, food, NFIs, transportation, cash grants and referral services. IOM also prepositions stocks of emergency shelter and NFIs for distribution to populations affected by natural hazards around the country. Similarly, IOM engages in large-scale disaster risk reduction projects, such as the construction of gabion walls in ﬂood and avalanche-prone communities while establishing early warning systems through the training of community members. IOM’s DTM implements Flow Monitoring at the major border crossings with Iran and Pakistan and around the drought response in addition to community-based needs assessments and baseline mobility assessments at the settlement level in 34 provinces to; 1) quantify population sizes, locations, needs, and mobility patterns, proﬁles and intentions of migrant, mobile, cross-border and nomadic populations; 2) provide evidence-based metrics on outﬂows, inflows of spontaneous returnees and deportees, and circular, labour migration ﬂows; and 3) identify at-risk, vulnerable migrants in need of protection. IOM also focusses on community stabilization activities, including livelihoods assistance for returnees and affected communities to ensure that return and reintegration are sustainable.
IOM Afghanistan is the leading agency providing humanitarian assistance to undocumented Afghan returnees and populations affected by disasters. IOM is an active member of the UNCT, the HCT and the Inter-Cluster Coordination Team. In addition, IOM is active in several clusters (namely protection, cash and voucher working group, coordination chapter, emergency shelter and NFI, and health), working groups and is the co-chair for the ES-NFI Cluster while being a leading member of the Displacement and Return Executive Committee and co-lead of the Return and Reintegration pillar of the One UN grouping. IOM works very closely with the host government. Its counterpart on regional returns is the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) and in support of disaster risk reduction IOM partners with the Afghanistan Natural Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA).
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan 2019.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 355,500 individuals.
Contact Information: Christopher Foulkes, Programme Support Officer: +93798293359, firstname.lastname@example.org https://afghanistan.iom.int/
IOM Offices: Main Office: Kabul Sub-Offices: Bamyan, Jalalabad, Kandahar, Herat, Faizabad, Mazar-i-Sharif, Gardez IOM project offices in Nimroz, Takhar, Helmand, Ghazni and, Faryab IOM Reception Centres in Spin Boldak, Islam Qala and Milak IOM Transit Centers in Torkham, Kandahar, Herat and Nimroz.
International Staff: 23
National Staff: 395
Coordination and Support Services
Displacement Tracking Matrix - AfghanistanAmount Requested: USD 7,340,000 Amount Received: USD 503,342Objective:Continue Baseline Mobility Assessments to track mobility and collect information on population sizes, locations and mobility trends. The information collected will track the needs and vulnerabilities of returnees, IDPs, migrants and host communities in all 34 provinces to provide an evidence base to inform and strengthen policies, programming and selection of priority areas and interventions for humanitarian, reintegration and development partners, stakeholders and government counterparts. In support of responding to acute and slow-onset emergencies, DTM will continue to implement IDP flow monitoring, registration and return intention household surveys, to provide an evidence base to inform and enable humanitarian partners to deliver targeted humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable IDPs, as well as develop sustainable return strategies and impactful return packages.Beneficiaries:humanitarian community
Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items
Humanitarian Assistance ProgrammeAmount Requested: USD 5,627,000 Amount Received: USD 5,913,242Objective:IOM Afghanistan's Humanitarian Assistance Programme focuses on assistance to persons affected or displaced by natural disasters and disaster risk reduction. The assistance includes the timely provision of emergency shelter and non-food items, as well as provision of support to government officials to strengthen their capacity to respond to disasters. The programme also builds the capacity of the Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA), including rolling-out the National Disaster Management Information System (NIMIS).Beneficiaries:20,000 families receiving NFIs and 7,500 families receiving emergency shelter
Cross-border Return and ReintegrationAmount Requested: USD 14,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,540,803Objective:IOM Afghanistan is the leading agency providing humanitarian assistance to undocumented Afghan returnees. IOM Transit Centres at major border crossing points with Pakistan and Iran provide returning Afghan migrants with medical screening, accommodation, food, NFIs, transportation cash grants and referral services.Beneficiaries:163,000 undocumented Afghan returnees
Specialized protection assistance to vulnerable returning Afghans from Iran and PakistanAmount Requested: USD 12,400,000 Amount Received: USD 2,691,305Objective:Specialized protection assistance to vulnerable returning Afghans from Iran and Pakistan including single females and unaccompanied migrant children.Beneficiaries:36,000 beneficiaries (including 20,000 individuals receiving cash for protection and 16,000 individuals receiving in-kind assistance)