The migration context in Afghanistan is multi-faceted and complex. After 40 years of sustained conﬂict and violence, four million Afghan nationals continue to reside in Pakistan and Iran. Afghanistan is simultaneously a country of origin, destination and asylum. 2016 witnessed the highest number of conﬂict induced IDPs on record at 630,000 persons and over one million Afghans returning from neighbouring countries. Due to the acute frequency and severity of conﬂict in 2017, an additional 350,000 Afghans have been internally displaced, with a projected caseload of 300,000 new IDPs for 2018. Cross-border returns have continued into 2017, with 560,000 returning Afghan nationals recorded. Annually, approximately 250,000 Afghans are affected by natural and manmade hazards with Afghanistan being one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. In 2018, a nationwide drought is anticipated to affect 2.1m people.
IOM Transit Centres at major border crossing points with Pakistan and Iran provide returning Afghan migrants with medical screening, accommodation, food, non-food items (NFIs), transportation cash grants and referral services. IOM also prepositions stocks of emergency shelter and NFIs for distribution to populations affected by natural hazards around the country. Similarly, IOM engages in large scale disaster risk reduction (DRR) projects, such as the construction of gabion walls in ﬂood and avalanche prone communities while establishing early warning systems through training of community members.
IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) implements Flow Monitoring at the major border crossings with Iran and Pakistan and baseline mobility assessments at the community level to: 1) quantify mobility patterns, proﬁles and intentions of migrant, mobile, cross-border and nomadic populations; 2) provide evidence-based metrics on outﬂows and circular, labour migration ﬂows; and 3) identify at-risk, vulnerable migrants in need of protection. IOM also focusses on community stabilization activities, including livelihoods assistance for returnees and affected communities to ensure return and reintegration are sustainable.
IOM Afghanistan is the leading agency providing humanitarian assistance to undocumented Afghan returnees and populations affected by disasters. IOM is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT), the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) and the Inter-Cluster Coordination Team. In addition, IOM is active in several clusters (namely protection, multi-purpose cash transfer, coordination, emergency shelter and NFI, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)), working groups, and is the co-chair for the emergency shelter (ES)-NFI Cluster while being a leading member of the Displacement and Return Executive Committee. IOM also works very closely with the host government. Its counterpart on regional returns is the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) and in support of DRR, IOM partners with the Afghanistan Natural Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA).
Note: the projects below are part of inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Afghanistan 2018 - 2021.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 200,000 Afghan undocumented returnees and natural disaster affected IDPs
Contact Information: Nicholas Bishop - Emergency Response Officer (firstname.lastname@example.org), https://afghanistan.iom.int/, https://www.facebook.com/iomafghanistan/, https://twitter.com/IOMAfghanistan
IOM Offices: Country Office: Kabul, Sub-Offices: 8, IOM project offices including Transit Centers: 9
International Staff: 25
National Staff: 420
- 108,000 vulnerable Afghan returnees from Pakistan and Iran provided with life-saving post-arrival humanitarian assistance.
- Over 38,000 natural hazard-affected Afghans assisted with NFIs.
- 45,000 daily laborers were employed in Disaster Risk Management infrastructure creation in 26 communities.
- 48 communities formed Community Disaster Management Committees (CDMC) teams for managing Disaster Risk Reduction activities at community level.
- 1,970 community members (992 male and 978 female) in 48 communities were trained on Early Warning, Search & Rescue and First Aid.
- Over 85,000 returning Afghans assisted with cash for transportation.
- Shelter and winterization assistance provided to 500 households.
Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items
Provision of Shelter and Winter AssistanceAmount Requested: USD 10,300,000 Amount Received: USD 1,221,000Objective:Provision of shelter and winter assistance to 21,000 families returning from Iran and Pakistan and/or displaced by natural disasters.Beneficiaries:21,000 vulnerable Afghan returnee families or natural disaster affected IDPs
Provision of cash for transportation, NFIs and specific needsAmount Requested: USD 23,000,000 Amount Received: USD 1,175,512Objective:Provision of cash for transportation to their final destination, cash for NFIs for returning Afghan families from Iran and Pakistan and cash for Persons with Specific Needs.Beneficiaries:400,000 returning Afghans - cash for transportation; 50,000 returning families - cash for NFIs
Specialized Protection Assistance to Vulnerable Returning Afghans from Iran to PakistanAmount Requested: USD 12,400,000 Amount Received: USD 1,234,290Objective:Specialized protection assistance to vulnerable returning Afghans from Iran and Pakistan including single females and unaccompanied migrant children inclusive of screening, identification, registration, family reunification, case management, counseling and provision of temporary shelter.Beneficiaries:36,000 individuals (incl. 20,000 receiving cash and protection, 16,000 in-kind assistance)
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Provision of Hygiene kitsAmount Requested: USD 476,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provision of hygiene kits to returning Afghan families from Iran and Pakistan.Beneficiaries:14,000 vulnerable returning Afghan families (average size of 5-7 persons)