Mozambique is considered to be extremely prone to recurrent natural hazards, namely floods, tropical storms, drought, and earthquakes. Nine of its rivers have sources in neighboring countries, requiring cross-border coordination for early warning alerts. Sixty percent of the population lives along the coastline and are therefore vulnerable to tropical storms. In the first quarter of 2015 the country witnessed one of the most critical flooding displacing a total of 150,000 persons and causing severe damage on infrastructure. With the impact of El Niño, the Technical Secretariat for Food and Nutritional Security (SETSAN), reported that in March, about 1.5 million persons were experiencing food insecurity in the country. With the evolving impact of the drought, the latest SETSAN report published in December, indicates that the number of food insecure persons has grown to 2 million. In addition, given the political unrest mainly in the north and central provinces, people that were already affected by drought were forced to flee their homes in search for safer places in places that are already suffering the impact of the drought. Despite the immeasurable effort of the government, the HCT and other partners to assist and protect families in need, whether in camps, resettlement sites or in host families, the IDP´s continue to experience food insecurity which exacerbated their vulnerability and that of the host families.
The government’s 2016-2017 Rain Season National Contingency Plan indicates that about 74,000 persons will be affected by both floods, droughts and cyclones in the country. In January and February 2017 alone, Mozambique has, beside the ongoing drought, experienced the impact of ﬂooding in its central and southern regions, as well as that of Cyclone DINEO in Inhambane province, resulting in the destruction of housing and other public infrastructure. Mozambique’s vulnerability to natural disasters and other climate phenomena poses a great challenge for the country and calls for more actions to be carried out in order to mitigate the impact on the current and future affected population.
In line with Rain Season National Contingency Plan, the Humanitarian Country Team Response Plan and the Migration Crisis Operational Framework. IOM has been implementing several activities and foresees to continue expanding its current interventions for further coverage.
In 2016: IOM implemented an NFI and Wash Project in two most drought affected districts (Moamba and Namaacha) both in Maputo province benefitting about 19,000. A total of 1,175 disaster management focal points at national level and 34 municipalities trained and equipped with materials on decentralized Emergency Response Process. A total of 489 disaster management focal points trained in CCCM.