Sudan 2017

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$35,669,000
Total Funded:
$5,707,735
Percentage Funded:
16%
Introduction and Needs

Sudan faces two major overlapping challenges in terms of crises: One triggered by complex and protracted conflicts leading to wide scale population displacement and disruption of everyday life; and another due to climatic and sociocultural conditions leading to crisis levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. At the end of 2016, the humanitarian situation remains critical as protracted internal conflicts continue to affect certain regions of Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile. Affected populations continue to suffer due to a lack of or limited access to basic services and disruption of livelihoods especially in the agricultural sector. The conflict in South Sudan has also resulted in thousands of South Sudanese refugees crossing the borders into Darfur and Kordofan seeking protection assistance, and stretching already limited resources within host communities. More than 100,000 Sudanese IDP and refugee returnees have also returned from different locations within Sudan and from countries abroad such as Chad, Yemen and Syria, to their places of origin or other return areas. The lack of basic services, security, and livelihood opportunities in areas of displacement and returns may cause secondary or protracted displacement and affect the sustainability of returns. The overall humanitarian situation in Sudan is further compounded by conflict and instability in many of Sudan’s neighboring countries and in the MENA region. In 2016, the migration crisis continued to show that many people seeking better lives and protection travelled along migration routes from West and East Africa onwards to Europe and the Gulf Countries. This resonate within broader systemic challenges for managing migration in this complex context and require the engagement and cooperation of multiple stakeholders to deliver evidence based policy advice on migration management and holistic targeted assistance to all migrants (IDPs, returnees, refugees, asylum seekers, etc.)

Approximately 2.2 million IDPs, 695,000 refugees, 105,000 returnees, and other migrants are in need humanitarian assistance, and IOM plans to work with the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), OCHA, other UN agencies, NGOs and government counterparts such as Commissioner of Refugees (CoR), Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) to provide assistance including but not limited to: healthcare, food security and livelihoods, water and sanitation, and shelter. Health and nutrition are of particular concern as outbreaks of disease place further pressure on an underdeveloped health sector, and environmental degradation, climate change and the onset of El Niño/ La Niña have exacerbated food insecurity and malnutrition rates which are already above emergency threshold levels (HNO 2016). Therefore, improving access to basic services and enhancing livelihood opportunities for affected populations is essential to build the resilience of affected, vulnerable, and under-served communities, especially for the 2 million people that have been living in protracted displacement conditions who would be forced into secondary displacement or motivated to migrate irregularly to other countries seeking alternatives. The needs in Sudan are driven by deep rooted causes that are unlikely to be resolved in the next few years such as: Political and socio-cultural inequalities, and a struggling economy that is further stagnated by international sanctions which continue to hinder socio-economic growth. Therefore, the provision of life saving initiatives with disaster risk reduction and durable solution approaches are necessary to continue addressing critical needs while bridging the growing funding gap.

Note: The projects below are in line with the South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2017. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement humanitarian programmes. Sudan’s Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and a Multiyear Humanitarian Response Plan (MYHRP) are being coordinated with the government at the moment, IOM specific interventions will be coordinated via the HRP and included to the compendium when the aforementioned processes are complete.

Achievements

In 2016: 

  • Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): Provided accurate and timely registration and/ or verification for approximately 422,740 individuals in Darfur region and Kordofan(s) consisting of 235,257 IDPs, 113,790 returnees and 73,693 South Sudanese refugees. These figures were shared with humanitarian actors to support evidence-based humanitarian assistance.   
  • Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (ES/NFI): 78,418 individuals (10,833 households) were assisted through the provision ES/NFIs. 1,656 households were provided with enhanced protection through the construction of improved emergency shelters and 24 communal spaces were constructed (14 were used as temporary schools and the other 10 were used as community gathering spaces). 
  • Emergency Health and Nutrition: Managed fixed and mobile clinics in the Darfur region that offered the minimum basic health package (MBHP) including treatment of communicable/ non-communicable diseases, maternal and child care, and health promotion activities including: 52,232 medical consultations and training of 220 health workers on updated treatment protocols, management of infectious diseases, and general public health topics such as good personal hygiene, nutrition, food and water handling practices and the benefits of immunization. 3,759 households (8,596 IDPs and members of the surrounding community) were mobilized by health workers to conduct integrated vector management activities in South Darfur. The outpatient therapy (OPT) nutrition center established in Um Baru, North Darfur assisted 1,657 beneficiaries: 1,016 children under five years (U5s) have been screened for malnutrition, the 129 identified cases of acute malnutrition were treated at the OPT. Another 92 cases involving pregnant and lactating women/ children U5s were referred for additional support through nutrition programs.
  • Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): Provided 653,913 beneficiaries with services including access to safe water and improved sanitation through the provision of water systems and purification kits, construction of latrines, and hygiene promotion campaigns for communities. Facilitated technical trainings for 30 hand pump mechanics and formation of water management committees to support maintenance and sustainability of water schemes. 
  • IOM Managed Rapid Response Fund (RRF): IOM worked with five implementing partners to reach approximately 523,000 crisis affected individuals with Protection, ES/NFI, Health, and WASH initiatives.
  • Food Security and Livelihoods: Supported over 57,000 people with the provision on 31,355 heads of livestock, agricultural inputs (tools and seeds), and skills training to improve farming techniques including vaccination of 19,355 heads of livestock in Buram, South Darfur. 50 Men and Women in El Radoam, South Darfur State were trained in bee keeping and honey production promoting sustainable management, food security and conservation of biodiversity for indigenous honey bees. 100 women (40 from IDP camps, 40 from the host community and 20 South Sudanese) were trained in small business management and received start-up kits in East Darfur to increase their self-reliance with income generating activities.
  • Community Stabilization: Provided capacity building training to local authorities and facilitated community dialogue workshops to support better management of resources, reduce conflict among sedentary and pastoral communities and foster social cohesion. Provided rehabilitation of communal institutions in East Darfur including: a women and Youth Centre in Ed Daein, a health facility and a primary school in Abu Karinka, and the fencing of the main cattle market in Bahr al Arab as peace dividends. 
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 254,500 beneficiaries for the South Sudan regional refugee response; and more than 2,152,045 beneficiaries under the HRP/MCOF response
Contact Information:   Chief of Mission: Mr. Mario Lito Malanca – Email: MMALANCA@iom.int, Telephone: (+249)922406655. Preparedness and Emergency Response Head of Unit: Mr. Riad Marrow – Email: rmarrow@iom.int, Telephone: (+249)922406671.    
International Staff:  23
National Staff:  151
IOM Offices: Country office: Khartoum. Sub-offices: South Darfur - Nyala, North Darfur - El-Fasher, West Darfur - Geneina; South Kordofan - Kadugli, West Kordofan - El Fula; and Abyei PCA - Abyei. Presence: East Darfur, Central Darfur, Blue Nile, White Nile, Kassala, Red Sea, and Gedaref.
South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan
Requested 2,900,000 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%

  Refugee Multi-Sector

  • Providing critical WASH and Nutrition services to South Sudanese Affected and displaced by conflict
    Amount Requested: USD 2,900,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Objective:
    Providing South Sudanese refugees in Sudan with access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and Nutrition initiatives to improve conditions amongst the population of displaced refugees and members of the host community. WASH activities will increase access to safe drinking water, adequate quality/gender sensitive sanitation facilities and improve personal and public hygiene practices. Nutrition activities will include screening vulnerable people such as children under the age of 5 and pregnant and lactating mothers for signs of malnutrition; those in need will receive support through outpatient therapeutic feeding and Targeted Supplementary feeding programmes (TSFP). Caregivers and community health workers will receive training to facilitate the promotion of better Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices within the community. 
    Beneficiaries: 250,000 South Sudanese Refugees and members of the host community including: 75,000 Women; 53,000 Men; 72,000 Girls; Boys 50,000.

Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan
Requested 32,769,000 | Received: 5,707,735 | Percentage funded: 17%