Rwanda 2018

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
Percentage Funded:
Introduction and Needs

The refugee context in Rwanda consists of refugees from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as well as and Rwandan returnees.

The Burundian refugee situation, which started in April 2015 when tensions linked to the elections prompted Burundians and Rwandan refugees in Burundi to flee the country. Burundian refugees and Rwandan returnees continue to arrive in Rwanda, but in reduced numbers compared to the initial influx. As of May 2018, Rwanda hosted 68,392 registered Burundian refugees out of which 4,470 had been registered during 2018.

Refugees from DRC have been living in Rwanda since the mid-1990s and as of May 2018, Rwanda hosted 75,726 refugees from DRC. The political/electoral, economic, and conflict/security dynamics in the DRC, are forcing Congolese refugees and Rwandan refugees in the DRC to flee the country The period heading to the DRC elections in December 2018 is expected to create civil unrest and conflicts which could become an additional trigger. In its contingency plan, Rwanda is planning for the arrival of 30,000 Congolese refugees and 30,000 Rwandan returnees during a three months period based on the worst-case scenario.

In 2018, IOM plans to provide health support to the Burundian refugees by providing Infection, Prevention and Control (IPC) items and support training of health staff that are responsible for medical screening at the reception centers. The increased knowledge of the medical staff at the reception centers will improve early detection of diseases of public health importance. The same health support will be provided for the Congolese refugees. In addition to the proposed response, IOM will also equip six district hospitals.  Furthermore, IOM plans to provide assistance to Rwandan returnees and Congolese refugees arriving in reception centers when an influx will happen. IOM will then focus on transport and health, including access to basic health care and triage. This will help reduce morbidity and mortality as a result of displacement. Rwandan returnees will also be assisted in livelihood assistance, including skills training, contributing to increased self-reliance and economic integration of the returnees in support of durable solutions. Finally, IOM will continue to strengthen the capacity of Rwanda to respond to all forms of human trafficking and conduct awareness raising activities in all refugee camps aiming to reduce the numbers of Victims of Trafficking (VoT).

IOM Rwanda is an active member of UN Country Team and is part of the current UNDAP Results Group or DRG 1 (Economic transformation), DRG 3 (Health and Social Protection) and DRG 4 (Humanitarian Response), and a lead UN agency for sustainable reintegration Programme. For the disaster response, the key counterpart is the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs (MIDIMAR) at the national level and Local Government at district level. IOM is also a lead UN agency for Counter Trafficking in Rwanda. The Ministry of Justice (MINIJUST) is the key counterpart at the Government level, while IOM partners with UNICEF and UNWOMEN for the implementation of Counter Trafficking activities. A new UNDAP will be signed during 2018.

Note: the projects below are part of the Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan 2018, January - December 2018 and DRC Regional Refugee Response Plane 2018. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programs.

  • Funded by UNTFHS, IOM has successfully provided market oriented skills training and business start-up kits to 220 youth from vulnerable households who are exposed to disaster risks in Ngororero District.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 297,377 beneficiaries (268,435 indirect and 28,942 direct), including refugees and host communities, government officials, health staff, etc.
Contact Information: Helene Fors, CoM.,
International Staff:  6
National Staff:  46
IOM Offices: Kigali
Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan
Requested 30,000 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%


  • Health Support for Burundian Refugees in Rwanda
    Amount Requested: USD 30,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Training of health staff that are responsible for medical screening at one of the three reception centers in Infection, Prevention and Control (IPC). This will contribute to the prevention of infection transmissions among arriving Burundian refugees and the population residing in Rwanda. IOM will provide equipment, emergency kit trolleys, on wall hand sanitizers, IPC posters and other tools.
    Beneficiaries: 25,000 Burundian refugees
Rwanda Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 5,701,114 | Received: 1,660,000 | Percentage funded: 29%

  Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building

  • Provision of Shelter to Communities Affected by Floods and Landslides in Rwanda
    Amount Requested: USD 2,082,114.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Contribute to improving living conditions of extremely vulnerable families affected by the floods and landslides that hit Rwanda between January and May 2018.The key components of this life-saving intervention will be the provision and distribution of construction materials to the households that had their house destroyed. The shelters will be in the new safe zones demarked by the Government of Rwanda.
    Beneficiaries: 4,600 affected Rwandans

  (Re)integration Assistance

  • Sustainable Reintegration of Rwandan Returnees (part of a One UN Joint Initiative)
    Amount Requested: USD 1,859,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Strengthen national capacity for sustainable reintegration of Rwandan refugees by increasing returnee's access to basic social services including basic education, primary health and durable housing and increasing returnee's economic opportunities / livelihoods. IOM will achieve these outcomes by providing scholastic materials and uniforms to returnee children and other vulnerable students identified and by providing returnees, especially youth, with Market-Oriented Skills Training (MOST) and initial business setup support (including business training/coaching, startup kits and capital). These outcomes and outputs, along with the numbers, only reflects IOMs role in the One UN Joint Initiative titled "Sustainable Reintegration of Rwandan Returnees" and not the whole initiative.
    Beneficiaries: 23,500 vulnerable returnees and host community members

  Counter-Trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants

  • Direct Victim of Trafficking Assistance
    Amount Requested: USD 100,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Provide assistance to identified Victims of Trafficking (VoTs) through the above mentioned "Strengthening the Identification and Protection of Victims of Trafficking Among Refugees in Rwanda" project.
    Beneficiaries: 40 VoTs
  • Improving knowledge, enforcement and coordination in counter trafficking
    Amount Requested: USD 1,360,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,360,000.00
    Strengthen the Governments and civil society in Rwanda's capacity to respond to all forms of internal and cross border human trafficking, including trafficking of children and to identify and protect victims. Specifically, the project strengthens the capacity of government agencies and social and child protection actors to make informed decisions on TIP programming on the basis of accurate data on TIP in Rwanda. The project will complement and reinforce ongoing efforts by the GoR and key partners to address human trafficking. This project will also make available a comprehensive research report describing trafficking in persons in Rwanda and it will support civil society organizations in acquiring skills to contribute to counter trafficking efforts in the country. IOM is implementing the project with UNICEF and UN Women as partners.
    Beneficiaries: 500 government partners, civil society organization, protection actors, victims of trafficking in persons
  • Strengthening the Identification and Protection of Victims of Trafficking Among Refugees in Rwanda
    Amount Requested: USD 300,000.00 Amount Received: USD 300,000.00
    This 24-month project will contribute to increasing TIP awareness, identification, and referrals among the refugee community in Rwanda and staff operating in refugee settings, including in the six camps and their surrounding communities.  This project proposes to meet this objective through sensitization activities for increased awareness among refugee communities on the issues of trafficking and improved services offered by the authorities which will increase trust in the processes and encourage victims and witnesses to come forward. Improved awareness and continuous protection for victims of trafficking (VoTs) from the point of identification is the basis for a stronger counter-trafficking response in Rwanda. Throughout the project, the One UN partners will also seek to strengthen such mechanisms for refugee populations that are increasingly at risk of TIP. IOM will conduct an assessment in all six refugee camps in Rwanda and their surrounding communities of the residents' vulnerabilities to human trafficking; conduct awareness-raising based on the findings and recommendations from the assessment; conduct sensitization on human trafficking in all six camps and surrounding communities; and provide training on the referral process for human trafficking for refugee camp leadership and for camp and community members.
    Beneficiaries: The GoR (Rwandan Police, DGIE, MIDIMAR), VoTs, specialized protection agencies and refugees. 170,000 refugees and host community members (though awareness raising activities), 302 beneficiaries out of the camp leadership
Democratic Republic of the Congo Regional Refugee Response Plan
Requested 1,011,000 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%


  • Medical Support for Congolese Refugees
    Amount Requested: USD 1,011,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    The project will contribute to improving health care and decrease morbidity from communicable diseases and mental health and psychosocial distress for both refugees and host communities in Rwanda, and particularly women and children. Through capacity building of health staff in health centers and district hospitals, health staff will be better able to respond to the needs of the beneficiaries which will lead to improved mental care and a decrease of morbidity caused by communicable diseases. If hospitals are equipped with adequate materials, for example ultrasounds and incubators, they will be able to address the needs of the beneficiaries and improve maternal and child health outcomes. There are two outcomes: i) Improved ability of district hospitals to successfully respond to the needs of the refugees and the host community in relation to life-saving, infection prevention control and hygiene (in line with international health standards and regulation); ii) Improved ability of health providers to respond to mental health issues for refugees and host communities.
    Beneficiaries: 73,435 Congolese refugees residing in one of the five camps, their hosting communities and 13 health facilities in Rwanda