Kenya 2018

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
Percentage Funded:
Introduction and Needs

Migration flows affecting Kenya can be broadly categorized as follows:

- Traditional internal and cross-border migration flows linked to nomadism and pastoralism, including those induced by climate change and periodic droughts; 

- Forced migration flows due to man-made and natural disasters in Kenya and the neighbouring region, resulting in internal (IDPs) and cross-border displacement (refugees);

- Irregular migration flows due to poverty and lack of livelihood options, including human trafficking and smuggling;

- Mixed migration flows along key migration routes used by various groups of migrants including economic migrants, victims of trafficking and smuggling, asylum seekers and others. 

As of November 2017, Kenya hosted the third largest number of refugees in Africa, after Ethiopia and Uganda. 489,071 refugees and asylum seekers are hosted in Kenya including 285,705 Somali, 27,979 Ethiopian, 35,490 Congolese, and 111,045 South Sudanese refugees. During 2017, a trickling return of refugees to Somalia has been observed, while influx of refugees from South Sudan continues. Limited numbers of returnees to Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi and DRC are expected for 2018.Drought Response: Drought conditions have become critical in the north and east of the country since the beginning of 2017. While the immediate impacts have been alleviated due to the onset of rain, the drought situation is expected to worsen and reach emergency levels during the next dry season in early 2018, including due to localized resource-based conflict. IOM proposes interventions regarding Shelter & Non-Food Items, and Health Support for displaced and other vulnerable populations.  

Community Stabilization & Reintegration: IOM seeks to continue and expand the Programme for Human Security and Stabilization which contributes to efforts to prevent violent extremism along the Kenyan coast and the Somali border by supporting returnees, youth-at-risk, local small business owners, local authorities and civil society actors though building their capacities for sustainable Reintegration and Community Stabilization and Transition activities, including Psychosocial Support. IOM is looking at programme expansion to additional north-eastern counties that have been identified as vulnerable to this phenomenon. 

Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants: Kenya is a source, transit and destination country for men, women and children subjected to forced labor and human trafficking. Within the country, children are subjected to forced labour through various forms such as domestic service, agriculture, fishing, herding of cattle, street vending and begging. Girls and boys are also exploited through prostitution, especially along the Kenyan coast, which has been identified as notorious flash and transit point for traffickers. IOM will continue to build government capacities to counter human trafficking, and provide direct assistance to victims of trafficking. 

IOM enjoys excellent working relations with the Government of Kenya. In 1985, Kenya was the first country in Africa to join IOM as a Member State. IOM is the only UN agency with a permanent seat in the Kenya National Coordination Mechanism on Migration (NCM). NCM is tasked with facilitating interagency coordination, collaboration and information-sharing on migration issues at the national level among relevant government ministries, departments and non-state actors. IOM also participates in the UNCT, UNDAF, UNDG & other UN coordination mechanisms at national & regional levels. IOM has employed the ‘Petals in the Flower’ strategy, a comprehensive and complementary approach to addressing migration challenges in Kenya. These ‘petals’ include Community Stabilization & (Re)Integration of Vulnerable Groups, Immigration & Border Management, Community Policing, Health and Mental Health/Psychosocial Assistance, Assisted Voluntary Return & Reintegration, Counter Human Trafficking and Smuggling, assistance to the Relocation, Repatriation & Resettlement of Refugees within and from Kenya, and Cross-Border initiatives for Conflict Prevention & Socio-Economic Revitalization.  

Apart from the Capital Nairobi, IOM has established operation presence in various parts of Kenya, including the coast (Mombasa, Kwale and Kilifi Counties), along the Somali border (Dadaab/Garissa County), at the Ethiopian border (Moyale/Marsabit County) and near the South Sudanese border (Kakuma/Turkana County). IOM is able to further expand its geographical coverage and operations in Kenya in line with evolving needs. 

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 12,700 individuals, including IDPs, community members, victims of trafficking, and government officials
Contact Information: Contact   Contact the Donor Relations Division Tel: +41.22.717.9111  
Kenya Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 3,900,000 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%

  Shelter and Non-food items

  • Amount Requested: USD 400,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00

  Health Support

  • Amount Requested: USD 500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00

  Psychosocial Support

  • Amount Requested: USD 500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00

  Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition

  • Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00

  Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants

  • Amount Requested: USD 500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00

  Reintegration Assistance

  • Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00