Colombia 2018

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$49,233,267
Total Funded:
$29,210,048
Percentage Funded:
59%
Introduction and Needs

After one year of implementation of the Peace Agreement between the Colombian government and the FARC-EP guerrilla, only 45 per cent of the 558 provisions included in the agreement have had any progress (Kroc, 2017). Decreased political support in Congress has delayed the approval of significant bills. At the local level, the appearance of armed groups has created new scenarios of armed violence. Between January and September 2017, over 10,142 new internally displaced persons were identified. Meanwhile, the government advances in the peace dialogue with the ELN, in a scenario of uncertainty over its capacity to comply with the provisions in the first agreement. The abovementioned dynamics have created significant social and political polarization with an upcoming presidential election that could jeopardize the implementation of transitional justice and post-conflict programmes.

Deteriorating conditions in Venezuela prompted at least 760,000 Venezuelans to depart Venezuela and seek shelter in Colombia as of mid – May 2018. The latest round of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) showed that over half of interviewed Venezuelan migrants in Colombia have crossed the border irregularly and almost 80 per cent don’t have immediate plans of returning to their country. The government has requested IOM to maintain a leading role in the institutional response provided to migrants and returnees in the border with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

IOM has been supporting the Government of Colombia (GoC) in the protection of victims of the armed conflict specially GBV survivors, disengaged children; victims of human trafficking, Venezuelan Migrants among other vulnerable population. IOM will continue strengthening the government’s capacity to enhance the implementation of the Peace Agreement and support post-conflict processes. IOM will further support national entities as well as local partners as requested in preparedness, emergency response and development.

IOM’s leading role in the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster and co-leading role in the Early Recovery Cluster and in the Border Working Group within the Protection Cluster represent an important added value in supporting the GOC. IOM supports OCHA’s inter-cluster responsibility for humanitarian action and actively participates in the UN Country Team and Humanitarian Country Team meetings. At the local level, IOM participates in Local Coordination Teams to promote an interagency approach to humanitarian and protection needs.

IOM works in coordination with the Ministry of Health, Victims Unit, Colombian Reincorporation and Normalization Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Colombian Family Welfare Institute (ICBF), and the High Commissioner for Peace; UN agencies (including UNHCR, UNODC, OCHA, UNFPA), international cooperation agencies (USAID, Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration - PRM, UK, Sweden, The Global Fund for Aids, Malaria and Tuberculosis) and civil society organizations.

Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Colombia 2018. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.

Achievements

In 2017:

  • Camp Coordination and Camp Management: IOM headed up the CCCM Cluster following the humanitarian disaster in Mocoa (Putumayo) and held workshops on temporary shelter management, training 91 people (police, civilian defense, UN system and Organización Zonal Indígena de Putumayo). Trainings took into account differential approaches and workshops addressed gender-based violence (GBV) issues from a temporary shelter perspective.
  • Land and Property Support: 1,481 land titles handed over to peasant families under an IOM and National Land Agency intervention targeting education for self-management of land rights and democratic consolidation. The intervention strengthened the capacities of IDP and vulnerable populations and local institutions in rural areas affected by displacement.
  • Transport Assistance for Affected Populations: i) Support to transport food assistance for 1,750 Wayuu children in 10 disperse townships in Guajira following food shortages; ii) 732 people transported to other areas of Colombia following the humanitarian disaster in Mocoa; and iii) Support the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to mobilize 800 Venezuelans to other areas inside and outside of Colombia (often to meet up with support networks).
  • Health Support: i) Partnered with the Ministry of Health and Social Protection to generate guidelines and a migration and health strategy for border zones, specifically a route for assistance to GBV, with an emphasis on sexual violence, along the Ecuador-Colombia border area; and ii) 47 Wayuú community health workers trained on tuberculosis response and prevention in Manaure municipality, La Guajira.
  • Return and Reintegration Assistance: Between 2016 and 2017, IOM reached tripartite agreements with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Labor, to support initiatives to return to work. In 2017, 1,202 Colombian beneficiaries of Law 1565 of 2012 (the Law of Returns) completed occupational profiling identifying their needs and existing regional labor and migration programs. IOM designed strategies to incentivize employment and a proposal for monitoring returned populations in targeted departments (Cundinamarca, Valle del Cauca, Risaralda, Antioquia, Atlántico, and Santander). 
  • Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition: IOM supported community reintegration and citizenship in protective environments that facilitate the prevention of recruitment and use. In 2017, 61 community initiatives were carried out with over 8,000 participants (roughly equal participation of men and women) to facilitate social reintegration and preventing of recruitment of children and adults in conflict-affected areas. 
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 82,933 individuals, including 35,149 members of vulnerable populations, 885 migrants and returnees, 46,467 minors and adolescents, and 432 public officers and social leaders
Contact Information: Ana Eugenia Durán Salvatierra, Chief of Mission, Email - aeduran@iom.int, 0571-6397777 Ext:1225. IOM Website: http://colombia.iom.int, Facebook/OIMColombia, Twitter/OIMColombia, iombogota@iom.int    
International Staff:  5
National Staff:  340
IOM Offices: Country Office: Bogotá, Sub-Offices: 16 (Apartado, Buenaventura, Cali, Cartagena, Cucuta, Florencia, Guajira, Ibague, Medellin, Monteria, Pasto, Popayan, Quibdo, Santander de Quilichao, Tumaco, Villavicencio).
Colombia Humanitarian Response Plan
Requested 333,838 | Received: 249,260 | Percentage funded: 75%

  Camp Coordination and Camp Management

  • Preparedness to address migration flows from Venezuela to Colombia in border zones and other cities where migrants settle or are in transit
    Amount Requested: USD 333,838.00 Amount Received: USD 249,260.00
    Objective:
    Objectives and activities include: i) support the GOC to set-up and implement the Temporary Migrant Attention Center on the border with Venezuela (Norte de Santander); ii) implement the second round of DTM in Bogota; and iii) strengthen GOC and NGO capacity to provide immediate assistance to migrants in targeted border areas.
    Beneficiaries: 200 public officers and NGO representatives; 5,828 migrants
Colombia Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 48,899,429 | Received: 28,960,788 | Percentage funded: 59%

  Camp Coordination and Camp Management

  • Registry of Venezuelan Migrants in Colombia (RAMV)
    Amount Requested: USD 400,000.00 Amount Received: USD 400,000.00
    Objective:
    Strengthen and support the announced registration process  of the population from Venezuela in Colombia, in accordance with the regulatory Decree 542 of March 2018 established for that purpose. 
    Beneficiaries: 442,462 persons

  Protection

  • Community Stabilization Activity
    Amount Requested: USD 2,027,027.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Objective:
    Contribute to the stability in departments impacted by population flows from Venezuela, by enhancing GOCs response in registry, awareness to prevent xenophobia, and health care provision.
    Beneficiaries: 65,000 Venezuelan migrants, Colombian returnees, and receiving communities in Colombia
  • Life-saving assistance to Venezuelan migrants in vulnerable situations and host communities.
    Amount Requested: USD 706,998.00 Amount Received: USD 706,998.00
    Objective:
    Improve access to protection and life-saving humanitarian assistance for Venezuelan women, men, girls and boys in vulnerable conditions in critical destination and transit countries included in the Regional Action Plan (RAP).
    Beneficiaries: 46,516 migrants
  • Promotion of digital employability of adolescents and young people at risk of being linked to new forms of urban violence
    Amount Requested: USD 255,000.00 Amount Received: USD 255,000.00
    Objective:
    Increasing opportunities for economic inclusion in digital ecosystems for adolescents and young people at risk of being linked to new forms of urban violence.
    Beneficiaries: 300 young people
  • Strengthening of skills of the Family Ombudsmen of the Colombian Institute of Family Welfare (ICBF) on the rights and reintegration of children and adolescents
    Amount Requested: USD 52,722.00 Amount Received: USD 52,285.00
    Objective:
    Strengthening of skills and knowledge for 150 Family Ombudsmen, on issues specific to their missionary work related to the verification, guarantee and restoration of rights, with emphasis on processes of reintegration (social inclusion) of boys, girls and adolescents victims of illicit recruitment, and thus guarantee a subsequent work that is more relevant according to the specific needs of each population.
    Beneficiaries: 150 Family Advocates from the Colombian Institute for Family Welfare (ICBF)
  • Strengthening of the Ludic Houses as protection and peacebuilding spaces for children and adolescents
    Amount Requested: USD 296,090.00 Amount Received: USD 294,296.00
    Objective:
    Generating protective environments, called Ludic Houses, that guarantee the integral development of children between 6 and 17 years, through the realization of educational, sports, cultural and technological activities, during their extracurricular days, for the sake of contribute to the prevention of child recruitment by illegal armed groups, in municipalities that present a high risk of forced recruitment of minors.
    Beneficiaries: 36 children and youth

  Land and Property Support

  • Integrated Rural Development with a Territorial Approach
    Amount Requested: USD 5,352,958.00 Amount Received: USD 837,333.00
    Objective:
    Support the GOC at the municipal, departmental and national levels to plan and design a new model for rural economic development at the micro-regional level. Key activities include: i) Improving social and economic conditions for rural vulnerable groups; ii) Improving access to existing GOC programs and services by rural vulnerable groups; and iii) Increasing knowledge and skills among key authorities for sustaining and replicating a territorial rural development approach.
    Beneficiaries: 8,230 vulnerable persons in rural areas
  • Support the design and implementation of plans for local level planning and land use
    Amount Requested: USD 8,398,023.00 Amount Received: USD 8,398,023.00
    Objective:
    Support the regularization of land use and land tenure in compliance with Point 1 of the Peace Agreement. Strengthen the operational capacities of the National Land Agency to design and implement municipal plans for local planning and land use in seven prioritized municipalities in the departments of Tolima, Valle del Cauca and Meta. Key activities include: i) Drafting, implementing and updating municipal plans vis-à-vis strategic alliances with the communities, local government actors and other stakeholders.
    Beneficiaries: 7 municipal planning offices
  • Support the implementation of land formalization for rural vulnerable communities.
    Amount Requested: USD 3,619,285.00 Amount Received: USD 2,725,285.00
    Objective:
    Support the National Land Agency to strengthen the legal security of rural lands, thereby contributing to overcoming poverty and limitations to formal land access. Key activities include: i) Strengthening GOC capacities and knowledge in land rights and legal security issues; ii) Promoting land formalization processes; iii) Designing pilots to establish strategic joint alliances with local governments in order to sustainably strengthen the local level.
    Beneficiaries: 5,924 vulnerable persons in rural areas

  Transport Assistance for Affected Populations

  • Support the Government of Colombia to address migration flows from Venezuela
    Amount Requested: USD 102,997.00 Amount Received: USD 102,997.00
    Objective:
    Facilitate transportation assistance for migrants who want to go to other cities inside or outside the country.
    Beneficiaries: 885 migrants

  Health Support

  • Accompaniment to pregnant women of three Territorial Training and Reintegration Spaces (ETCR), to guarantee access to the Comprehensive Maternal and Perinatal Health Care Route
    Amount Requested: USD 50,000.00 Amount Received: USD 50,000.00
    Objective:
    Strengthen comprehensive health care for pregnant women in three Territorial Training and Reintegration Spaces (ETCR) located in the municipalities of Tibú, Vista Hermosa and Ituango, through access to the care included in the Integral Route of Maternal Perinatal Health Care.
    Beneficiaries: 100 pregnant women
  • Emergency healthcare for migrants and their receiving communities
    Amount Requested: USD 118,018.00 Amount Received: USD 84,731.00
    Objective:
    Complement the short-term response of governments of border areas to the health implication of the large-scale flow of Venezuelans.   
    Beneficiaries: 22,710 migrants
  • Institutional and community strengthening of the emergency health response for Venezuelan migrants and receiving communities
    Amount Requested: USD 1,807,692.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Objective:
    Strengthen health institutions’ (Health Facilities-HF) and communities’ respective capacities to respond to the health emergency in prioritized municipalities, guaranteeing access to healthcare for vulnerable populations and promoting public health surveillance.
    Beneficiaries: 4,500 pregnant women and children
  • Strengthen local capacities for the promotion and guarantee of health rights in 26 municipalities with “Territorial Spaces for Training and Reincorporation”
    Amount Requested: USD 1,322,373.00 Amount Received: USD 62,000.00
    Objective:
    Contribute to improving access to comprehensive primary health care services, prioritizing sexual and reproductive rights, mental health, prevention of the use of psychoactive substances, childcare and undernourishment. 
    Beneficiaries: 38,052 vulnerable persons

  Return and Reintegration Assistance

  • Comprehensive re-incorporation in productive environments
    Amount Requested: USD 1,447,369.00 Amount Received: USD 1,000,000.00
    Objective:
    Design and implementation of mechanisms for stabilization, early reintegration, and economic reincorporation for people in processes of reintegration. This project will support the economic reintegration of ex-combatants through productive projects in 14 “Territorial spaces for training and reincorporation”, training on income generation, and technical support to start up productive projects.
    Beneficiaries: 700 people in the process of reintegration
  • Recruitment Prevention and Reintegration (RPR) Program
    Amount Requested: USD 7,242,409.00 Amount Received: USD 4,600,000.00
    Objective:
    Support the GOC to foster sustainable and inclusive reintegration for ex-combatants and disengaged children and prevent further recruitment. Main areas of work include: i)  strategic technical assistance for GOC early reintegration efforts during the demobilization roll-out phase; ii) supporting the GOC implementation of strategies for preventing the recruitment of children and adults in conflict affected areas; iii) supporting GOC efforts to advance legal processing and service delivery to ex-combatants and disengaged children in rural and urban conflict areas, and; iv) supporting GOC knowledge management, information systems and communication efforts to clarify the legal status of ex-combatants, with a special emphasis on reintegration.
    Beneficiaries: 6,424 children and youth that benefited from prevention strategies, 330 adult excombatants that received economic reincorporation services
  • Support the GOC to facilitate the exit of minors from FARC ranks - Phase II
    Amount Requested: USD 470,769.00 Amount Received: USD 510,000.00
    Objective:
    Support the Differential Life Path program by implementing a community-based reintegration model for minors exiting FARC ranks and consolidating a comprehensive attention strategy and life-project development initiative for these youth. Along with other international cooperation partners, IOM will facilitate collaboration with the Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Education, the Ombudsman´s Office, and ICBF to monitor and operate the temporary reception sites (TRS) for these minors, ensure the restoration of their rights, and support health, education, protection, participation, housing, and income generation projects. This project specifically targets support for GOC rapid responses.  Key activities include: i) strengthening life projects and ii) developing the GOC “Differential Life Path” strategy.
    Beneficiaries: 124 Children and youth

  Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition

  • Accompanying conflict victims (including IDPs) through the Mobile Units strategy
    Amount Requested: USD 14,163,600.00 Amount Received: USD 7,986,631.00
    Objective:
    Offer technical and operational assistance to the ICBF for the implementation of the Mobile Units Strategy (this strategy provides emergency attention to conflict victims – including IDPs). The project will develop tools and strategies for ICBF mobile units to improve their service to families and design a differential attention model. This activity is a continuation of actions implemented to support the ICBF strategy of attention conflict victims – including IDPs – through Mobile Units, which began in 2004.
    Beneficiaries: 19,078 IDPs and vulnerable population
  • Humanitarian assistance in la Guajira Department
    Amount Requested: USD 417,506.00 Amount Received: USD 417,506.00
    Objective:
    In 2018, IOM is continuing its intervention in La Guajira in collaboration with the Baylor Foundation, specifically improving attention spaces for children and pregnant and nursing women, and improving housing for those with tuberculosis. It is also carrying out activities regarding water, sanitation, and hygiene in communities in the municipalities of Uribía, Riohacha, and Manaure.
    Beneficiaries: 1,200 indigenous population and other vulnerable groups
  • Humanitarian assistance in Mocoa, Putumayo
    Amount Requested: USD 137,414.00 Amount Received: USD 137,414.00
    Objective:
    Strengthen the humanitarian response, recovery and transition of communities affected by the avalanche in the municipality of Mocoa. IOM will continue implementing actions to consolidate stabilization, including: i) Socializing stabilization phase plans with indigenous authorities; ii) Completing a temporary classroom for Indigenous Rural School Desayok Yanakona in the indigenous resguardo Yanakona Tachay Wasy. This classroom will serve 23 children in the community and is part of the rehabilitation and reconstruction of basic infrastructure under the humanitarian response.
    Beneficiaries: 1,200 indigenous population and other vulnerable groups
  • National coordination plan for the the project for preventing recruitment and the use of children and youth by illegal armed groups
    Amount Requested: USD 170,890.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Objective:
    Contribute to stabilization and peacebuilding by promoting comprehensive principles for protection, rights and preventing violations, particularly recruitment, use, and sexual violence against children by illegal armed groups. Coordinate government services at the national and local levels to support the Inter-Sectoral Commission for Preventing Recruitment and Utilization of Children and Adolescents (CIPRUNNA)’s public recruitment prevention policy and develop inputs for strengthening strategic partners’ capacities.

  Shelter

  • Humanitarian support to the return of Jiw families to the Barranco Ceiba Community - Araguato Lagoon (San José del Guaviare)
    Amount Requested: USD 107,143.00 Amount Received: USD 107,143.00
    Objective:
    Technical and financial support to 47 Jiw families (191 people) voluntarily returning to the Jiw Community of Barranco Ceiba (San José del Guaviare). Actions will be articulated with public institutions and cooperation to improve the living conditions of 47 families and the recovery of infrastructure, and school provisions.
    Beneficiaries: 191 persons
  • Temporary shelter for people affected by the Venezuelan crisis
    Amount Requested: USD 233,146.00 Amount Received: USD 233,146.00
    Objective:
    Contributing to the access  to temporary accomodation solutions for the population affected by the Venezuelan crisis in the Colombian territory.
    Beneficiaries: 950 persons

Donors: