Years of poverty, under-development, environmental degradation, intermittent conflict, and weak rule of law meant Yemen faced chronic vulnerabilities even before March 25, 2015, when the conflict escalated. As of late December 2017, health facilities reported over 9,000 conflict related deaths and over 52,500 injuries. In the past two and a half years there have been an average of 60 deaths or injuries every day. Given that only 50 per cent of health facilities remain functional, and acknowledging the limited reporting capacity across the country, this number is with great certainty significantly underreported. Furthermore, severe issues concerning the conduct of the conflict have been raised - all parties to the conflict routinely impose restrictions on movements of people, goods and humanitarian assistance. The escalating conflict continues to inflict civilian casualties and cause extensive damage to public and private infrastructure – today half of the Yemeni population live in areas directly affected by conflict.
The Task Force on Population Movements has identified 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) dispersed across 21 governorates. After two and a half years of conflict, displacement is becoming a protracted status for the vast majority of IDPs, straining their – and their hosts’ – ability to cope making them increasingly vulnerable. An estimated 88.5 per cent of IDPs have been displaced for one year or more, of whom 69 per cent have been displaced for more than two years.
Despite the ongoing crisis in Yemen, the country has remained a transit country for thousands of migrants escaping the deteriorating economic and political/security situations in their countries of origin and seeking more favourable opportunities in the Arabian Peninsula. To this end, large flows of migrants from the Horn of Africa continue to take the often-perilous journey across the Red Sea or the Gulf of Aden to Yemen, followed by an arduous overland journey from the southern or western coast of Yemen to its northern borders. This irregular migration is facilitated by well-established, transnational smuggling and human trafficking networks that actively promote their services to migrants and profit from Yemen’s weakened governance. In 2017, more than 87,000 migrants from the Horn of Africa came to Yemen. While this is a reduction compared to 2016, the number of new migrant and arrivals 2018 is projected to remain at similar levels.
In response to the crisis in Yemen, IOM is appealing to the international community for USD 96.19 million to enable the Organization to provide multi-sectorial humanitarian assistance within the following sectors of assistance of Health, Coordination and Safety, Food Security, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Shelter, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Non-Food Items (NFIs) and Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation, and multi-sectorial assistance for migrants. Interventions referenced within this appeal include inter-agency coordinated interventions as part of the “2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan”.
IOM in Yemen
In 2007, IOM established its Mission in the country and opened up an office in Sana’a. As of 2018 the mission also has sub-offices and Migrant Response Centre in Al Hudaydah and Aden Governorates. There is a plan to open sub-offices in Ibb and Sa’ada Governorates and discussions are ongoing for a further sub-office in Hadramout Governorate.
In Yemen, IOM has more than 600 local staff and 19 international staff, with a focus on Emergency and Humanitarian Assistance (for conflict-affected Yemenis); Migration Health (for conflict-affected Yemenis and migrants); and Migrant Assistance and Protection (for third-country national and Yemeni migrants). IOM Yemen has skilled staff members on the ground for the implementation of projects ranging from emergency and recovery and protection experts to administrative support.
IOM in Yemen coordinates and works with the United Nations (UN) Agencies, Programmes and Funds, national and international non-governmental organizations and other regional, national and local partners to prioritize and coordinate activities for the benefit of the Yemeni population and migrants. IOM is part of several inter-agency fora, including the UN Country Team and UN Humanitarian Country Team.
In Yemen, IOM co-chairs the CCCM/Shelter/NFIs cluster and the Refugee and Migrant Multi-Sector. IOM also is an active partner in WASH, Health, Food Security and Agriculture, Coordination and Safety, Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation, Apart from its role in direct service provision the Organization is the co-chair of the TFPM.
The full IOM Yemen Crisis Response Appeal can be downloaded here.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2 million internally displaced persons
Contact Information: Contact Contact the Donor Relations Division Tel: +41.22.717.9111
Coordination and Safety
Amount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation
Amount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Refugees and Migrants Multisector (RMMS)
Amount Requested: USD 20,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Shelter and Non-Food Items & Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Amount Requested: USD 26,670,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Amount Requested: USD 15,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Amount Requested: USD 17,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Amount Requested: USD 7,520,000 Amount Received: USD 0