According to the 2011 UN World Risk Index report, Vanuatu is the most vulnerable country globally in relation to disaster risk. The majority of its population is continuously at risk of different hazards including slow- and sudden-onset disasters, and exposure to displacement and precautionary evacuation is common.
IOM has been supporting Government partners, including the Ministry for Internal Affairs and Immigration Service since 2011 through the border improvement programme, and the Ministry of Climate Change (MOCC) and its Department for the Disaster Management Office (NDMO) since 2015 through the regional Migration Action programme. In the aftermath of Tropical Cyclone Pam in 2015, IOM advocated for the first ever in-country IDP Working Group under the national protection cluster. The working group was co-chaired by NDMO and later integrated into the NDMO’s structure as a unit for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM). IOM has been providing technical assistance to the Government of Vanuatu (GoV) to strengthen its preparedness, response, and recovery capacity by improving the understanding and response to issues relating to current and future displacements. IOM is assisting GoV in developing various preparedness and response guidelines and tools, including on trafficking. IOM’s current technical assistance focuses on preparedness for cyclones and volcanic disaster scenarios.
In 2017, IOM will continue to work with the GoV counterparts by providing technical assistance in preparedness for displacement caused by natural disasters and managing the displacement cycle from response to recovery using MCOF as the reference point for program design and setting of priorities. This partnership is two-fold and aims to: 1) Build National, Provincial and Community Capacity to manage evacuation and displacement cycle as a result of natural disaster and ( 2) strengthen the resilience of the Ni-Vanuatu to natural disaster and climate change. As such, IOM will assist the GoV MOCC/NDMO draft and finalize a number of guidelines to support disaster risk reduction. This includes the national MEND guide for the four volcanic islands Tana, Guava, Ambae, and Ambrym, which focuses on contingency planning, lifesaving precautionary evacuations and minimum standards to ensure dignity of displaced people. IOM will also support the drafting of national guidelines for the assessment and selection of evacuation centres, and Operation and Management guidelines for the management, registration, and profiling of displaced populations in evacuation centres. Further, IOM will promote rights of displaced populations, and facilitate safe and voluntary return, relocation, or integration. Finally, IOM will continue to support the Vanuatu Immigration Service and the Customs Department.
Note: the projects interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Contact Information: Dr. Lesikimacuata Korovavala, Head of Office, firstname.lastname@example.org, Mr. Masood Akhtar, CCCM Program and Displacement Policy Coordinator, email@example.com, Tel: +6785625246
IOM Offices: Country Office: The Republic of Vanuatu
International Staff: 3
National Staff: 2
In 2016, through the support of the CCCM from NORCAP, a standby partner (Norwegian Capacity) and Shelter Response/rehabilitation/Recovery support from ECHO, and the Government of Korea, IOM has achieved the following:
- Developed the first National Guidelines for the selection and assessment of Evacuation Centers
- Provided GoV and NGO partners with an engineered design of a Multi-Purpose Community Building to be used as evacuation Center and build a pilot model
- Developed shelter construction vernacular/hybrid guidelines, conducted ToT on hybrid vernacular techniques, provided on-the-job trainings to community champions, built community model/Nakamal, and designed a national campaign on vernacular construction techniques and its importance
- Drafted guides and tools for the precautionary evacuations, management of evacuees, and coordination of the bottom-up flow of information from community to national emergency and operations center at NDMO – which is under GoV review.
- Mass Evacuation in Natural Disasters (MEND) mission conducted with support from OCHA and UNDAC, and first MEND guide at country level drafted and in the process of consultation for the validation and endorsement by GoV.
- Evacuation Centers Operations and Management guideline in the process of consultation for the GoV’s validation and endorsement.
- IDF funded project recently launched to assist GoV/Ministry of Climate Change in drafting the displacement policy, strategic framework for the durable solutions and SoPs; and training of key government ministries to improve the migration management.
Disaster Risk Reduction
Supporting disaster-risk reduction through the promotion and adoption of safer construction practices in VanuatuAmount Requested: USD 553,097 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provision of toolkits and technical trainings on safer construction techniques at the community level. Activities will include: (i) a survey to learn, identify, analyze and improve the local and vernacular construction methods used throughout the affected areas; (ii) a Training of Trainers to establish teams of trainers per affected province; (iii) training and mentoring communities and relevant authorities to promote the dissemination and adoption of safer construction practices in the long term.Beneficiaries:9,000 IDPs and cyclone affected population (2,925 women and 1,575 girls, 2,925 men and 1,575 boys)
Emergency response for internally displaced persons and capacity building for Government and NGOsAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:(i) roll out the Displacement Tracking Matrix in Port Villa and 22 affected outer islands; (ii) support the construction of safer cyclone shelters with the provision of technical trainings; (iii) referral of needs of IDPs to relevant clusters and provision of last-resort life-saving NFIs and assistance as required.Beneficiaries:6,500 IDPs and government partners (5,041 women and 2,714 girls, 5,684 men and 3,061 boys)