According to the 2011 UN World Risk Index report, Vanuatu is the most vulnerable country globally in relation to disaster risk. The majority of its population is continuously at risk of different hazards including slow- and sudden-onset disasters, and exposure to displacement and precautionary evacuation is common.
IOM has been supporting Government partners, including the Ministry for Internal Affairs and Immigration Service since 2011 through the border improvement programme, and the Ministry of Climate Change (MOCC) and its Department for the Disaster Management Office (NDMO) since 2015 through the regional Migration Action programme. In the aftermath of Tropical Cyclone Pam in 2015, IOM advocated for the first ever in-country IDP Working Group under the national protection cluster. The working group was co-chaired by NDMO and later integrated into the NDMO’s structure as a unit for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM). IOM has been providing technical assistance to the Government of Vanuatu (GoV) to strengthen its preparedness, response, and recovery capacity by improving the understanding and response to issues relating to current and future displacements. IOM is assisting GoV in developing various preparedness and response guidelines and tools, including on trafficking. IOM’s current technical assistance focuses on preparedness for cyclones and volcanic disaster scenarios.
In 2017, IOM will continue to work with the GoV counterparts by providing technical assistance in preparedness for displacement caused by natural disasters and managing the displacement cycle from response to recovery using MCOF as the reference point for program design and setting of priorities. This partnership is two-fold and aims to: 1) Build National, Provincial and Community Capacity to manage evacuation and displacement cycle as a result of natural disaster and ( 2) strengthen the resilience of the Ni-Vanuatu to natural disaster and climate change. As such, IOM will assist the GoV MOCC/NDMO draft and finalize a number of guidelines to support disaster risk reduction. This includes the national MEND guide for the four volcanic islands Tana, Guava, Ambae, and Ambrym, which focuses on contingency planning, lifesaving precautionary evacuations and minimum standards to ensure dignity of displaced people. IOM will also support the drafting of national guidelines for the assessment and selection of evacuation centres, and Operation and Management guidelines for the management, registration, and profiling of displaced populations in evacuation centres. Further, IOM will promote rights of displaced populations, and facilitate safe and voluntary return, relocation, or integration. Finally, IOM will continue to support the Vanuatu Immigration Service and the Customs Department.
Note: the projects interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Contact Information: Dr. Lesikimacuata Korovavala, Head of Office, firstname.lastname@example.org, Mr. Masood Akhtar, CCCM Program and Displacement Policy Coordinator, email@example.com, Tel: +6785625246
IOM Offices: Country Office: The Republic of Vanuatu
International Staff: 3
National Staff: 2
In 2016, through the support of the CCCM from NORCAP, a standby partner (Norwegian Capacity) and Shelter Response/rehabilitation/Recovery support from ECHO, and the Government of Korea, IOM has achieved the following:
- Developed the first National Guidelines for the selection and assessment of Evacuation Centers
- Provided GoV and NGO partners with an engineered design of a Multi-Purpose Community Building to be used as evacuation Center and build a pilot model
- Developed shelter construction vernacular/hybrid guidelines, conducted ToT on hybrid vernacular techniques, provided on-the-job trainings to community champions, built community model/Nakamal, and designed a national campaign on vernacular construction techniques and its importance
- Drafted guides and tools for the precautionary evacuations, management of evacuees, and coordination of the bottom-up flow of information from community to national emergency and operations center at NDMO – which is under GoV review.
- Mass Evacuation in Natural Disasters (MEND) mission conducted with support from OCHA and UNDAC, and first MEND guide at country level drafted and in the process of consultation for the validation and endorsement by GoV.
- Evacuation Centers Operations and Management guideline in the process of consultation for the GoV’s validation and endorsement.
- IDF funded project recently launched to assist GoV/Ministry of Climate Change in drafting the displacement policy, strategic framework for the durable solutions and SoPs; and training of key government ministries to improve the migration management.
Durable Solutions, Migration Policy and Legislation support
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: To assist GoV in the development of a land policy to accommodate displaced communities.Amount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Strengthen the Government’s land and property management capacity. IOM will (1) facilitate the mobilization of stakeholder engagement in the development of a land policy to accommodate displaced communities, (2) develop planning mechanisms to facilitate robust settlement and urban planning, (3) develop an eligibility framework for land accessibility and utilization for the displaced persons, and (4) develop a package of landowner incentives for hosting of displaced communities.Beneficiaries:100,000 IDP from various communities and 100,000 landowners (host communities), GoV, provincial governments, national council of chiefs (NCC), churches, women and youth groups, NGOs and CSO
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: To assist GoV in mainstreaming humanitarian mechanisms to facilitate migration during times of crisesAmount Requested: USD 700,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Strengthen the Government’s border and migration management capacity. IOM will assist in the development of strategies and approaches strengthening the GoV’s capacity to manage the flow of people during times of crises.Beneficiaries:10,000 (about half are elderly and children), GoV border agencies, NDMO, municipalities, provincial governments, NGOs, CSO, churches and community groups
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: To assist GoV in establishing a migration research center in Vanuatu (Stage 1)Amount Requested: USD 800,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Strengthen the Government’s migration management capacity. With partners, IOM will establish a migration research center to record and profile the trend and patterns of migration and forced displacement in Vanuatu and the region. Data collation and analysis will form a large part to inform policy gaps, validation of strategies, establishment of institutions, management of diaspora communities, and action plans. As the Pacific is at the forefront of the impacts of natural disaster and climate change in particular the migration research center will be the reference center and provide the continuity needed in information management.Beneficiaries:35,000 internally displaced people (IDP), GoV including the provincial governments, NGOs, CSO, CBOs and Pacific islands states. Furthermore this will also benefit the 14 Pacific islands states
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: To assist GoV’s capacity to manage transnational criminal activities including trafficking and smuggling of persons during disastersAmount Requested: USD 250,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Strengthen the Government’s national protection and referral capacity and border management. IOM will set up an identity management mechanism, a national database of displaced communities and train counterparts to operate the system in strengthening border and migration management during times of disasters when the national capacity is at its lowest.Beneficiaries:100-500 potential victims (in proportion to Vanuatu’s population the impacts of this relatively small number will be substantial)
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: To assist GoV in creating a National database of displaced communities by conducting ToT on DTM and GIS mapping of existing displaced communities countrywideAmount Requested: USD 250,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Strengthen the Government’s capacity on migration management. IOM will assist in creating a national data base of displaced communities and conduct a training exercise on mapping of displaced communities and their vulnerabilities through the Displacement Tracking Matrix. This database will be the key reference point for the emergency and recovery planners in prioritizing and linking recovery to development. Therefrom they can adapt the suggested durable solutions to the current displacements. Furthermore the database will assist in: (1) improving the preparedness capacity to manage future displacements, and (2) support the nexus between climate & natural disaster induced displacement and migration management.Beneficiaries:National Government, Subnational government, NGOs, CSO, CBOs
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: National GIS mapping of potential evacuation centers , and structural appraisal of pre-identified Evacuation Centers.Amount Requested: USD 350,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide base line data to lay the foundation for planning and managing displacement at the onset of disaster. The assessment results will lead the NDMO and its partners to select suitable facilities that meet the minimum criteria to be listed as an evacuation center. Vulnerable communities of Vanuatu will benefit through the NDMO’s improved displacement management capacity with better preparedness planning to assist the vulnerable communities during the onset of disaster through its well-coordinated, well-managed precautionary evacuations before disaster to provide safe shelter during disaster and link the affected communities to response and recovery.