Uganda


Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$6,763,197
Total Funded:
$1,474,114
Percentage Funded:
22%

Several factors are shaping vulnerability in Uganda, including drought conditions and the large number of refugees and asylum seekers that have surpassed all planning figures. Since July 2016, an average of 2,154 new refugees have arrived in Uganda daily. To date, Uganda is host to over a million refugees from South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, and Burundi among others. 84 per cent of all refugees are women and children.

Over 669,000 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Uganda since the December 2013 political crisis, of which more than 470,000 arrived since the intense fighting erupted in Juba on 8 July 2016.The new influx has been resettled in west Nile region with Bidibidi settlement hosting the biggest portion (over 270,000) of south Sudan refugees. The fleeing population comprises mainly women and children (about 86%) with 64 per cent of the population being children below 18 years of age. The influx has put a strain on basic services including WASH. Access to safe water remains below the minimum standards across all the settlements in the country. On average about 75 percent of the water provision is by trucking, with an expenditure ranging between USD 250,000 -300,000 per month. Sanitation is poor as most settlements are littered with garbage. The ratio of hygiene promoters to refugees ranges from 1:543 to 1:850. Hygiene practices are also exacerbated by limited water and sanitation facilities. The influx has exerted more pressure on the environment with more trees being cut for firewood, construction, and in some areas charcoal. Environmental management especially tree planting, awareness creation and environmental protection policy implementation is least funded.The south Sudan influx has also immensely impacted on the old influx (230,000 DRC refugees, 40,000 Burundian refugees, and others) and hosting districts especially with cuts in food ration and reduced funding for access to basic services for both refugees and host communities. Most of the refugee hosting districts remain in a vulnerable situation, in particular in terms of access to water.

Refugees in Uganda have the freedom of movement, the right to work and establish businesses, the right to documentation, access to social services, and are allocated plots of land for shelter and agricultural production, as per the Refugee Act of 2006 and the Refugee Regulations of 2010. Uganda is one of the few countries that has included displaced populations (refugees and migrants) in their national plans, such as the second National Development Plan (NDP2) through the Settlement Transformation Agenda (STA) initiative. The UN, World Bank and the Government developed the Refugee Host Population Empowerment (ReHOPE) strategy that brings together partners in a more harmonized and cohesive way to deliver durable solutions for both the displaced and host communities. Through STA, NDP2 focuses on the hosting districts as priority for development. Displaced populations are therefore part and parcel of the planning and budgeting at all levels (district and national). The aim of the two strategies is to achieve self-reliance and resilient communities.

Considering the huge gaps in basic services in Uganda including WASH, health and Livelihoods, IOM will carry out a coordinated humanitarian response for the refugees and host communities across the affected settlements and hosting districts in the country in the domain of water, sanitation and hygiene in order to quickly reduce the risk of WASH-related diseases. IOM will adapt actions to local capacities and factors in order to ensure long term, resilient and cost efficient approaches, including the use of solar pumping technology in key identified water points for south Sudan refugees in West Nile, construct a water system for kyaka 2 settlement in south western region, while ensuring involvement of government and other actors in design, operation and maintenance of water schemes including solar. IOM will develop work with Appropriate Technology Center (ATC) of Uganda to assess and scale up locally adapted technologies including low cost bucket irrigation, manufacture of sanitary pads, briquette and soap making, maximize involvement of refugee community and use of appropriate and low cost local materials for latrine construction and re-use, coordinate and align with actors from other sectors (health, education, nutrition, protection) in the analysis and implementation of health and hygiene promotion activities.

IOM will also support community health needs assessments to identify gaps, available health services and resources, provide primary and community health-care services through mobile or fixed clinics, local health referral systems support, facilitated transfer and hospital discharge, cross-border or international medical evacuations to facilitate tertiary care for patients with complicated but potentially curable conditions, health rehabilitation and health system revitalization, public health and disease surveillance at the community level including cross-border community engagement, HIV, tuberculosis, gender-based violence and reproductive health services and support for crisis-affected populations, mental, and psychosocial-focused activities.

IOM will ensure self-reliance and resilience through IOM's Information, Counselling and Referral Services (ICRS) model focused on individual assistance to identify livelihoods as well as capacity building of local employment actors (e.g. district labour officers) and private sector partnerships. Livelihood support with an emphasis on agricultural activities, and including non-agricultural livelihoods, in both rural and urban areas. Formation of village savings and loan associations (VSLAs) and savings and credit cooperatives (SACCOs).

IOM is a member of the UN Country team. IOM is an active member Interagency Coordination and sector working groups, UN Joint programme on AIDs, Disaster risk Management. IOM works with government line ministries including office of the Prime Minister, Ministry of foreign affairs, ministry of gender social labour and development, ministry of internal affairs, ministry of health, ministry of water and environment, Ministry of works, Uganda AIDs commission, and Uganda bureau of statistics, Kampala City Council Authority, UN agencies and NGOs.

Note that activities are coordinated under the South Sudan 2017, DRC and Burundian Regional Refugee Response Plans. 

Contact Information: Mr. Ali Abdi, Chief of Mission, aabdi@iom.int. Mr. Peter S Nzabanita, WASH and humanitarian Coordinator, pnzabanita@iom.int. Website: http://uganda.iom.int, Tel: +256312263210   


IOM Offices: Country Office: Kampala; Sub-Offices: Nakivaale, Kyaka II and Kyangwali (Soon opening office in Palorinya Moyo, West Nile


International Staff: 8


National Staff: 100


Achievements 2016:

In 2016, IOM constructed 14 institutional latrines in schools, health centres and food distribution centres benefitting over 800 individuals, while over 20,000 individuals benefitted from sanitation and hygiene promotion. IOM supported the construction of 1,600 household latrines, strengthened music dance and drama groups for hygiene promotion. In the ReHOPE lens, IOM utilized its limited funding to develop a detailed design for a piped water system for Kyaka II settlement (DRC refugees) projected to serve 38,000 individuals including 6,000 from the host community. 

Total Requested:
$6,763,197
Total Funded:
$1,474,114
Percentage Funded:
22%
Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 1,350,000 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%

  Emergency Telecommunications

  • Logistics and Telecoms for refugees from DRC
    Amount Requested: USD 250,000 Amount Received: USD 0

  Livelihoods

  • Livelihood support for refugees from DRC
    Amount Requested: USD 150,000 Amount Received: USD 0

  Health

  • Health support for refugees from DRC
    Amount Requested: USD 450,000 Amount Received: USD 0

  Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene support for refugees from the DRC
    Amount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan 2017
Requested 1,106,447 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%

  Coordination and Common Services

  • Operational support
    Amount Requested: USD 72,384 Amount Received: USD 0

  Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene support
    Amount Requested: USD 320,000 Amount Received: USD 0

  Emergency Telecommunications

  • Logistics and Telecoms
    Amount Requested: USD 250,000 Amount Received: USD 0

  Livelihoods

  • Livelihood support
    Amount Requested: USD 164,063 Amount Received: USD 0

  Health and Nutrition

  • Health and Nutrition support
    Amount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 0
South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan 2017
Requested 4,306,750 | Received: 1,474,114 | Percentage funded: 34%

  Coordination and Common Services

  • Operational support
    Amount Requested: USD 281,750 Amount Received: USD 0

  Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene support
    Amount Requested: USD 950,000 Amount Received: USD 1,474,114

  Livelihoods

  • Livelihood support
    Amount Requested: USD 1,075,000 Amount Received: USD 0

  Health and Nutrition

  • Health and Nutrition support
    Amount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Total Requested:
$6,763,197
Total Funded:
$1,474,114
Percentage Funded:
22%
This appeal has been supported by

ECHO

Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)