In Tajikistan, 93 per cent of the territory is made up by mountains. As such, it is prone to frequent natural disasters on an annual basis, including avalanches and landslides. Climate change is also an aggravating factor, causing severe glacial melt in high-mountain areas in the summer season, resulting in mudslides and ﬂooding. Tajikistan also sits in a highly seismically active area, particularly in the east of the country. The geography of the country makes preparedness and response a distinct challenge, with disasters often affecting remote communities. Natural disasters will continue to have a devastating impact on these communities, taking lives, destroying homes and infrastructure, and disrupting livelihoods.
IOM intends to respond through providing comprehensive Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) interventions, to improve the preparedness and response capabilities of government and non- government actors on CCCM, as well as providing assistance to the affected population. This will be done through: building local capacity and responsibility in line with international standards; expanding the scope of CCCM activities to encompass out of camp settings; the improvement of living conditions and the delivery of assistance and protection to people in displacement settings and outside of camps; and establishing participatory forums for the affected population.
Outside of CCCM but closely aligned, IOM will work to build the resilience and recovery potential of at-risk communities through community stabilization programming that focusses on reintegration of labour migrants, and creating livelihood opportunities for vulnerable community members living along the Tajik-Afghan border.
IOM is well placed to deliver on these objectives, having had an operational presence in Tajikistan since 1993. IOM established and leads the CCCM sector in Tajikistan and works closely with the national Committee for Emergency Situations (CoES) in this regard. IOM is also an active member of REACT, the emergency coordination body in Tajikistan. Furthermore, IOM is a major transition and recovery actor in the country, and implements a long running community stabilization programme in all districts of Tajikistan that border Afghanistan.
Note: the projects below are part of IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 15,000 IDPs and at-risk communities
Contact Information: Zebigul Shekhova, firstname.lastname@example.org, iom.tj, https://www.facebook.com/iomtajikistan
IOM Offices: Country Office: Dushanbe, Sub-Offices: Khorog
International Staff: 2
National Staff: 38
- 375 vulnerable community members in Tajikistan and Afghanistan attended vocational training courses, making them more employable both in Tajikistan and the Russian Federation.
- 674 people, including government partners working with migration issues, NGOs and migrant workers, attended training and information sessions on safe migration. They are now capacitated to provide accurate information to migrant workers and the migrant workers themselves are less susceptible to labour exploitation.
- Initiated the creation of the first CCCM Cluster in Tajikistan under REACT which is co-hosted by the Government’s Committee on Emergency Situations. The Cluster is responsible for emergency response in case of a natural disaster occurring.
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Safe and prosperous communities along the Tajik-Afghan borderAmount Requested: USD 925,972 Amount Received: USD 680,438Objective:The objective of the Community Stabilization and Transition activities is an improved security and stability in vulnerable areas of the Tajik-Afghan border. This will be achieved through actions aimed at: i) Creating livelihood opportunities for vulnerable community members (female heads of household, returned migrants, migrants with re-entry bans, youth, people with disabilities) living along the Tajik-Afghan border; ii) Fostering more prosperous and resilient communities, where youth have fewer incentives to get involved in anti-social behaviour or illegal activities; iii) Capacitate beneficiaries so their skills better match the Tajikistani labour market, and iv) Improving cross-border relations between Tajik and Afghan through trade and community dialogue in order to create a more stable border region. Proposed activities include, inter alia, organizing vocational training courses, providing vulnerable community members and SMEs with in-kind grants, building small infrastructure projects, training border agency personnel, and conducting sessions on safe migration for community members. With expanded funding it would be possible to provide in-kind grants to even more vulnerable community members and SMEs following an already tested and successful model, thus making a greater positive impact on the border communities.Beneficiaries:2,000 (government partners, international agencies, local NGOs, vulnerable community members including returned migrant workers, female-headed households, youth, etc.)
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Build Camp Coordination and Camp Management and Shelter capacity for enhanced natural disaster preparednessAmount Requested: USD 150,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The objective of CCCM and Shelter activities is to improve the government emergency management agencies and community actors' capacity to provide shelter and CCCM during displacement scenarios. Due to the constant high risk for natural disasters (land/mud slides, flooding and earthquakes) in Tajikistan, it is imperative that government and community actors are prepared to deal with large-scale displacement and have the CCCM capacity needed to fully manage complicated disaster situations. In order to build this capacity: i) IOM wants to use internal expertise to organize trainings and high-level meetings, on CCCM and Shelter. Target groups are officials working in CoES, Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA), NGOs and other international actors; ii) Trainings would also be held on protection in displacement settings and at later stages high-level technical coordination meetings between Tajik and Afghan emergency response actors; and iii) With proper funding there would be a possibility to further strengthen government capacity through much needed recurrent training and to develop emergency SOPs for efficient collaboration between all actors in the CCCM Cluster and all relevant government agencies.Beneficiaries:300 direct beneficiaries (staff of CoES, ANDMA, NGOs and International Organizations) and approximately 15, 000 indirect beneficiaries (in case of an emergency