Sudan faces two major overlapping challenges in terms of crises: One triggered by complex and protracted conflicts leading to wide scale population displacement and disruption of everyday life; and another due to climatic and sociocultural conditions leading to crisis levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. At the end of 2016, the humanitarian situation remains critical as protracted internal conflicts continue to affect certain regions of Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile. Affected populations continue to suffer due to a lack of or limited access to basic services and disruption of livelihoods especially in the agricultural sector. The conflict in South Sudan has also resulted in thousands of South Sudanese refugees crossing the borders into Darfur and Kordofan seeking protection assistance, and stretching already limited resources within host communities. More than 100,000 Sudanese IDP and refugee returnees have also returned from different locations within Sudan and from countries abroad such as Chad, Yemen and Syria, to their places of origin or other return areas. The lack of basic services, security, and livelihood opportunities in areas of displacement and returns may cause secondary or protracted displacement and affect the sustainability of returns. The overall humanitarian situation in Sudan is further compounded by conflict and instability in many of Sudan’s neighboring countries and in the MENA region. In 2016, the migration crisis continued to show that many people seeking better lives and protection travelled along migration routes from West and East Africa onwards to Europe and the Gulf Countries. This resonate within broader systemic challenges for managing migration in this complex context and require the engagement and cooperation of multiple stakeholders to deliver evidence based policy advice on migration management and holistic targeted assistance to all migrants (IDPs, returnees, refugees, asylum seekers, etc.)
Approximately 2.2 million IDPs, 695,000 refugees, 105,000 returnees, and other migrants are in need humanitarian assistance, and IOM plans to work with the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), OCHA, other UN agencies, NGOs and government counterparts such as Commissioner of Refugees (CoR), Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) to provide assistance including but not limited to: healthcare, food security and livelihoods, water and sanitation, and shelter. Health and nutrition are of particular concern as outbreaks of disease place further pressure on an underdeveloped health sector, and environmental degradation, climate change and the onset of El Niño/ La Niña have exacerbated food insecurity and malnutrition rates which are already above emergency threshold levels (HNO 2016). Therefore, improving access to basic services and enhancing livelihood opportunities for affected populations is essential to build the resilience of affected, vulnerable, and under-served communities, especially for the 2 million people that have been living in protracted displacement conditions who would be forced into secondary displacement or motivated to migrate irregularly to other countries seeking alternatives. The needs in Sudan are driven by deep rooted causes that are unlikely to be resolved in the next few years such as: Political and socio-cultural inequalities, and a struggling economy that is further stagnated by international sanctions which continue to hinder socio-economic growth. Therefore, the provision of life saving initiatives with disaster risk reduction and durable solution approaches are necessary to continue addressing critical needs while bridging the growing funding gap.
Note: The projects below are in line with the South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2017. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement humanitarian programmes. Sudan’s Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and a Multiyear Humanitarian Response Plan (MYHRP) are being coordinated with the government at the moment, IOM specific interventions will be coordinated via the HRP and included to the compendium when the aforementioned processes are complete.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 254,500 beneficiaries for the South Sudan regional refugee response; and more than 2,152,045 beneficiaries under the HRP/MCOF response
Contact Information: Chief of Mission: Mr. Mario Lito Malanca – Email: MMALANCA@iom.int, Telephone: (+249)922406655. Preparedness and Emergency Response Head of Unit: Mr. Riad Marrow – Email: email@example.com, Telephone: (+249)922406671.
IOM Offices: Country office: Khartoum. Sub-offices: South Darfur - Nyala, North Darfur - El-Fasher, West Darfur - Geneina; South Kordofan - Kadugli, West Kordofan - El Fula; and Abyei PCA - Abyei. Presence: East Darfur, Central Darfur, Blue Nile, White Nile, Kassala, Red Sea, and Gedaref.
International Staff: 23
National Staff: 151
- Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): Provided accurate and timely registration and/ or verification for approximately 422,740 individuals in Darfur region and Kordofan(s) consisting of 235,257 IDPs, 113,790 returnees and 73,693 South Sudanese refugees. These figures were shared with humanitarian actors to support evidence-based humanitarian assistance.
- Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (ES/NFI): 78,418 individuals (10,833 households) were assisted through the provision ES/NFIs. 1,656 households were provided with enhanced protection through the construction of improved emergency shelters and 24 communal spaces were constructed (14 were used as temporary schools and the other 10 were used as community gathering spaces).
- Emergency Health and Nutrition: Managed fixed and mobile clinics in the Darfur region that offered the minimum basic health package (MBHP) including treatment of communicable/ non-communicable diseases, maternal and child care, and health promotion activities including: 52,232 medical consultations and training of 220 health workers on updated treatment protocols, management of infectious diseases, and general public health topics such as good personal hygiene, nutrition, food and water handling practices and the benefits of immunization. 3,759 households (8,596 IDPs and members of the surrounding community) were mobilized by health workers to conduct integrated vector management activities in South Darfur. The outpatient therapy (OPT) nutrition center established in Um Baru, North Darfur assisted 1,657 beneficiaries: 1,016 children under five years (U5s) have been screened for malnutrition, the 129 identified cases of acute malnutrition were treated at the OPT. Another 92 cases involving pregnant and lactating women/ children U5s were referred for additional support through nutrition programs.
- Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): Provided 653,913 beneficiaries with services including access to safe water and improved sanitation through the provision of water systems and purification kits, construction of latrines, and hygiene promotion campaigns for communities. Facilitated technical trainings for 30 hand pump mechanics and formation of water management committees to support maintenance and sustainability of water schemes.
- IOM Managed Rapid Response Fund (RRF): IOM worked with five implementing partners to reach approximately 523,000 crisis affected individuals with Protection, ES/NFI, Health, and WASH initiatives.
- Food Security and Livelihoods: Supported over 57,000 people with the provision on 31,355 heads of livestock, agricultural inputs (tools and seeds), and skills training to improve farming techniques including vaccination of 19,355 heads of livestock in Buram, South Darfur. 50 Men and Women in El Radoam, South Darfur State were trained in bee keeping and honey production promoting sustainable management, food security and conservation of biodiversity for indigenous honey bees. 100 women (40 from IDP camps, 40 from the host community and 20 South Sudanese) were trained in small business management and received start-up kits in East Darfur to increase their self-reliance with income generating activities.
- Community Stabilization: Provided capacity building training to local authorities and facilitated community dialogue workshops to support better management of resources, reduce conflict among sedentary and pastoral communities and foster social cohesion. Provided rehabilitation of communal institutions in East Darfur including: a women and Youth Centre in Ed Daein, a health facility and a primary school in Abu Karinka, and the fencing of the main cattle market in Bahr al Arab as peace dividends.
Conducting Camp Profiling and Intention Survey Exercises for Affected Populations in DarfurAmount Requested: USD 1,187,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The overall objective of the project is to provide accurate and up to date information on the available services in 16 major displacement sites in Darfur with the purpose of improving life saving assistance by identifying the needs and gaps of the camps’ residents through assessment of all basic services and the production of up to date information. IDPs will also receive intention surveys to identify if they want to return or locally integrate. IOM teams (composed of a representative of the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC), NNGOs and IOM enumerators) will be trained on information management including data collection, data entry and analysis. Monthly reports will be generated and disseminated to all sectors partners and could be used not only for service provision but also as a baseline for all future durable solutions activities such as IDP integration, informing planning and design of longer support on issues of land tenure, available markets and the existence of waste management systems.Beneficiaries:200,000 IDPs in 16 targeted main camps / sites will be the direct beneficiaries of this project as well as the humanitarian actors who are responsible for constructing and maintaining these services.
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): Tracking, Registration and Verification of IDPs, Returnees, and Other Affected Populations in SudanAmount Requested: USD 2,500,000 Amount Received: USD 350,039Objective:The overall objective of the project is to improve the efficacy and accuracy of targeted humanitarian assistance to vulnerable populations (focusing on new and protracted IDPs, returnees and refugees) by providing humanitarian partners with accurate and timely information (number of affected population, vulnerability status, demographic data, place of origin, place of displacement). The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is IOM’s primary set of tools used to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. It is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to enable a better understanding of movements and evolving needs of populations on the move, and to provide the information needed by humanitarian partners to adequately address the life saving and protection needs of mobile populations. Detailed information will be provided on the availability and gaps of basic services within settlements, and will alert relevant responsible parties on where the most acute needs are. Information on population movement will also be provided through the early warning system that will be established through this project.Beneficiaries:1,230,000 IDPs, returnees, and affected population in camps, urban areas, semi urban areas & rural areas IDP sites and areas stricken by natural disasters and conflicts
Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items
Promoting Early Recovery through the Provision of Transitional/Semi-Permanent Shelters for Vulnerable IDPs and Returnees in DarfurAmount Requested: USD 2,782,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Environmental awareness training ensures that communities will adequately manage available natural resources; this includes minimizing the cutting of plants near settlements and promoting tree planting as a deterrent to desertification and barriers to sandstorms (haboobs). Training will also include promoting alternatives to firewood such as fuel efficient cooking and livelihood options that preserve the environment. Establish DRR committees within each community that will be tasked with conducting awareness sessions on DRR risks within the community and how best to mitigate risks, especially for fire and weather related incidents. Provide skills to protracted IDPs by training them to construct Improved Transitional shelters for other beneficiaries to support community early recovery response and facilitate their own livelihoods. The project will utilize conditional cash transfer/ cash for work approach as an initial form of awarding the beneficiaries for their efforts, stimulating self- reliance. Cash transfers will be designed so that they account for IDPs' specific vulnerabilities, emphasizing the potential for short- and long-term results and the link between cash assistance and prevention of extreme poverty. Thus, the proposed modality is to proposal temporary assistance over a short period of time (3-4 months), paid based on the number of IDPs per household. 6. Construct 1,500 transitional shelters within return communities: 1,500 in Um Dukhun. Taking into account upcoming Darfur Development Strategy FAsT project sites, construction of transitional shelters will be closely coordinated with the ES/NFI and RRR sector leads, to mitigate potential assistance duplication. 7. Undertake post construction survey to measure occupancy rate and beneficiary satisfaction (including recommendations and beneficiary complaints mechanism).Beneficiaries:7,500 IDPs
Food Security and Livelihoods
Supporting Food Security and Diversifying Livelihood Opportunities for Protracted IDPs, returnees and Host Communities to Enhance Self-Reliance and Build Community Resilience in SudanAmount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The main objective of this project is to provide food security and diversified livelihood opportunities to enhance individual self reliance and community resilience. The assistance provided will target vulnerable IDPs, returnees, and host communities in the Darfur region, South Kordofan, West Kordofan, Blue Nile and Abyei. A community based participatory approach will be applied to enhance community dialogue when designing and implementing the food security and livelihood interventions which will include: (1) support for small scale of agricultural development, (2) support for livestock production and livestock health services, and (3) support for small business initiatives. The project will also be coordinated with Recovery, Return and Reintegration (RRR) sector and to increase potential for sustainable impacts for economic re integration.Beneficiaries:58,000 Displaced and affected populations, returnees and host communities.
Providing Life Saving Health Services and Capacity Building for Health-Care WorkersAmount Requested: USD 1,300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The aim of the project is to respond to the life-saving needs and improve the resilience of affected populations by providing essential life-saving primary health care through: rehabilitation of health facilities, establishment of mobile clinics and early warning and response systems (EWARS); capacity building of health workers on the minimum basic health package (MBHP) with special attention to maternal and child care. This project is in line with Health Sector Objectives: “Providing primary health services including referral services for vulnerable population affected by natural and manmade emergencies." The MBHP includes outpatient treatment of communicable and non-communicable diseases, maternal and child health services, facilitated referrals and health promotion activities to ensure aid reaches people affected by crises such as conflicts, outbreaks of disease and natural disasters.“Strengthening the capacities to prepare, detect and respond promptly to public health risks or events at federal, state and locality level.” Developing institutional capacities to address public health threats while strengthening preparedness through staff training on topics to improve prevention and response protocols, surveillance systems and close monitoring of disease trends. “Contribute to the reduction of maternal and child morbidity and mortality among vulnerable populations” by focusing on the needs of children under 5 years, including outpatient treatment, immunization services and comprehensive maternal care.Beneficiaries:88,000 IDPs, Returnees and crisis affected communities.
Recovery, Return and Reintegration
Progressively responding to the protracted Displacement of IDPs through Local Integration, Urbanization and Durable Solution Initiatives in North DarfurAmount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Assistance provided under this pilot project will facilitate implementation of durable solutions for IDPs as identified in IASC’s Framework on Durable Solutions for IDPs, along with the lessons learned from the National IDP policy and by following IOM’s framework of Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations. This pilot project will specifically focus on progressing towards durable solutions for the protracted caseload of IDPs in the urban camps of Abu Shouk and Al Salam in El Fasher locality, North Darfur. It will follow a holistic, collaborative and people centered approach based on IDP profiling exercises that will identify the beneficiaries and address barriers to durable solutions.Beneficiaries:42,500 direct beneficiaries and 25,000 indirect beneficiaries IDPs, Returnees and Host Community
Providing Direct Assistance and Voluntary Return and Reintegration Services to ReturneesAmount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:This project focuses on facilitating durable solutions in the return context, as per the RRR sector strategy. In the context of spontaneous returns of IDPs and Sudanese refugee like returnees returning from Chad and other countries in the region, this project aims to provide immediate humanitarian assistance upon arrival as well as medium to long term assistance to support durable solutions for returnees and resilience for the hosting communities. Beneficiaries will be selected through Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) exercises including return tracking, monitoring and registration.Beneficiaries:90,000 IDP and refugee-like returnees and members of the host community
Addressing the Risks of Displacement and Irregular Migration while Enhancing Assistance Support to Victims Trafficking and Other Vulnerable MigrantsAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM will continue to support the Government of Sudan in addressing migration management and governance challenges. The project will contribute to strengthen counter trafficking through a holistic approach enhancing prevention, protection and prosecution capacities of the relevant institutions while providing direct assistance to victims of trafficking (VoTs) and vulnerable migrants including Sudanese returnees and foreign nationals without refugee status. The project will also enhance the capacity of vulnerable migrants to avoid exploitation and provide further support through community dialogue and planning. This project is in line with the Multi Year humanitarian response plan strategic Outcome 1: "Populations affected by natural or man made disasters receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of the shock." And 2 Outcome: "Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and/or access essential basic services while increasing their self reliance." It also supports several strategic objectives including (1) providing emergency relief to vulnerable migrants and returnees affected by conflict and disaster; (2) ensuring their protection needs and access to essential services are satisfied; and (3) facilitating durable solutions including promoting self reliance and livelihoods and providing resettlement and voluntary repatriation options where possible.Beneficiaries:5,000 Migrants including Victims of Trafficking, Sudanese Returnees and other vulnerable groups and host communities.
Providing Critical WASH and Nutrition Services to South Sudanese Affected and Displaced by ConflictAmount Requested: USD 2,900,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The objective of this project is to provide support to vulnerable South Sudanese refugees under the Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP 2017). IOM will provide Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and Nutrition support while health, livelihoods, and other assistance will be provided by other sector partners and agencies in Sudan. WASH activities will increase access to safe drinking water, adequate quality sanitation facilities and improve personal and public hygiene practices. Nutrition activities will include screening vulnerable people such as children under the age of 5 and Pregnant and Lactating Women (PLWs) for signs of malnutrition; those in need will receive support through outpatient therapeutic feeding and Targeted Supplementary feeding programmes (TSFP). Caregivers and community health workers will receive training to facilitate the promotion of better Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices within the community.Beneficiaries:50,000 South Sudanese Refugees and members of the Host Communities.
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Conducting a WASH Sector Study to design a sector strategy to increase beneficiaries’ self-reliance and increase the sector’s capacity to respond to emergenciesAmount Requested: USD 600,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The overall objective of the WASH Sector Study is to understand and analyze the current tariff systems in place, if any, to map out the current water sources available, and to conduct a water usage study to develop a WASH Sector strategy to reduce dependency on humanitarian aid and empower communities by increasing a sense of ownership and self reliance. In August 2015, the WASH sector endorsed a comprehensive sector improvement agenda adapted from lessons learned. The agenda aims to enhance sector systems through the following 4 pillars: 1) Promoting better prioritization of WASH services through needs based targeting; 2) Demonstrating value for money by sustaining WASH services; 3) Investing in information management; 4) preparing to respond to emergencies in a timely and effective manner. Through this process the WASH Sector study was conceived of as a priority activity and adopted at the 2015 Sector After Action Review in line with the overall sector improvement agenda that calls for needs based programming instead of status based approaches. The shift in approach allows WASH sector partners to identify and accurately target the most vulnerable beneficiaries with the most needs. This project will address sector programmatic outputs within the improvement agenda with an actual implementation of a water tariff collection strategy to be developed as a pilot initiative. The project is also in line with Outcome 2 of the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan "Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and/or access essential basic services while increasing their self reliance." This study will be directly complementing the one started in 2016 and it will target an increased number of locations. The study will be coordinated with the WASH sector and Sector partners working in the target areas and provide sector partners with increased knowledge to address the needs of the most vulnerable people.Beneficiaries:170,000 IDPs, returnees, and affected population / host community in camps, sites and return areas in the Darfur region
Providing Comprehensive Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Assistance to Affected Populations in Darfur, Blue Nile, Kordofan States and East SudanAmount Requested: USD 8,000,000 Amount Received: USD 500,000Objective:This project aims to provide life saving WASH assistance to mitigate the suffering of populations affected by natural or man made disasters and reflects all 3 outcomes of the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan strategy. Under Outcome 1 IOM will provide life saving assistance to people newly displaced by conflict or natural disasters in an effort to recreate pre emergency conditions using early recovery approaches to improve the overall access to WASH services, connecting the need for short term emergency interventions with long term solutions and applying development principles by working directly with local communities to facilitate ownership and accountability. The objective is to not only focus on WASH emergency interventions but gradually contribute to socio economic inclusion of forcibly displaced populations and returnees by directly increasing access to basic services for the displaced and host communities and indirectly increasing employment opportunities. Under Outcome 2 IOM seeks to improve and sustain access to safe water in target communities especially in Blue Nile, Durdeb, Abyei, North Darfur and South Darfur as these communities primarily rely on agriculture and livestock, therefore water is critical to their livelihoods. Under Outcome 3 improving and sustaining access to safe water and sanitation facilities and hygiene messages will address malnutrition related risks and increase community resilience to disease outbreaks. IOM will consider emergency water provision, access to proper sanitation facilities and hygiene campaigns; coupled with the establishment and rehabilitation of water points. This will include environmental impact mitigation such as the provision of solar technology to power water points and monitoring ground water to moderate depletion levels. Exit strategies will be developed to alleviate aid dependency in protracted emergencies by strengthening self reliance and facilitating community solutions in a more holistic approach.Beneficiaries:4,250,000 Protracted IDPs, returnees, and affected communities with the highest level of malnutrition and lowest hygiene standards with particular focus on area of returns and areas where humanitarian access has been restricted in the past.
Providing critical WASH and Nutrition services to South Sudanese Affected and displaced by conflictAmount Requested: USD 2,900,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Providing South Sudanese refugees in Sudan with access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and Nutrition initiatives to improve conditions amongst the population of displaced refugees and members of the host community. WASH activities will increase access to safe drinking water, adequate quality/gender sensitive sanitation facilities and improve personal and public hygiene practices. Nutrition activities will include screening vulnerable people such as children under the age of 5 and pregnant and lactating mothers for signs of malnutrition; those in need will receive support through outpatient therapeutic feeding and Targeted Supplementary feeding programmes (TSFP). Caregivers and community health workers will receive training to facilitate the promotion of better Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices within the community.Beneficiaries:250,000 South Sudanese Refugees and members of the host community including: 75,000 Women; 53,000 Men; 72,000 Girls; Boys 50,000.