Sudan


Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$49,950,000
Total Funded:
$0
Percentage Funded:
0%

Sudan faces two major overlapping challenges in terms of crises: One triggered by complex and protracted conflicts leading to wide scale population displacement and disruption of everyday life; and another due to climatic and sociocultural conditions leading to crisis levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. At the end of 2016, the humanitarian situation remains critical as protracted internal conflicts continue to affect certain regions of Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile. Affected populations continue to suffer due to a lack of or limited access to basic services and disruption of livelihoods especially in the agricultural sector. The conflict in South Sudan has also resulted in thousands of South Sudanese refugees crossing the borders into Darfur and Kordofan seeking protection assistance, and stretching already limited resources within host communities. More than 100,000 Sudanese IDP and refugee returnees have also returned from different locations within Sudan and from countries abroad such as Chad, Yemen and Syria, to their places of origin or other return areas. The lack of basic services, security, and livelihood opportunities in areas of displacement and returns may cause secondary or protracted displacement and affect the sustainability of returns. The overall humanitarian situation in Sudan is further compounded by conflict and instability in many of Sudan’s neighboring countries and in the MENA region. In 2016, the migration crisis continued to show that many people seeking better lives and protection travelled along migration routes from West and East Africa onwards to Europe and the Gulf Countries. This resonate within broader systemic challenges for managing migration in this complex context and require the engagement and cooperation of multiple stakeholders to deliver evidence based policy advice on migration management and holistic targeted assistance to all migrants (IDPs, returnees, refugees, asylum seekers, etc.)

Approximately 2.2 million IDPs, 695,000 refugees, 105,000 returnees, and other migrants are in need humanitarian assistance, and IOM plans to work with the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), OCHA, other UN agencies, NGOs and government counterparts such as Commissioner of Refugees (CoR), Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) to provide assistance including but not limited to: healthcare, food security and livelihoods, water and sanitation, and shelter. Health and nutrition are of particular concern as outbreaks of disease place further pressure on an underdeveloped health sector, and environmental degradation, climate change and the onset of El Niño/ La Niña have exacerbated food insecurity and malnutrition rates which are already above emergency threshold levels (HNO 2016). Therefore, improving access to basic services and enhancing livelihood opportunities for affected populations is essential to build the resilience of affected, vulnerable, and under-served communities, especially for the 2 million people that have been living in protracted displacement conditions who would be forced into secondary displacement or motivated to migrate irregularly to other countries seeking alternatives. The needs in Sudan are driven by deep rooted causes that are unlikely to be resolved in the next few years such as: Political and socio-cultural inequalities, and a struggling economy that is further stagnated by international sanctions which continue to hinder socio-economic growth. Therefore, the provision of life saving initiatives with disaster risk reduction and durable solution approaches are necessary to continue addressing critical needs while bridging the growing funding gap.

Note: The projects below are in line with the South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2017. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement humanitarian programmes. Sudan’s Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and a Multiyear Humanitarian Response Plan (MYHRP) are being coordinated with the government at the moment, IOM specific interventions will be coordinated via the HRP and included to the compendium when the aforementioned processes are complete.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 254,500 beneficiaries for the South Sudan regional refugee response; and more than 2,152,045 beneficiaries under the HRP/MCOF response


Contact Information:   Chief of Mission: Mr. Mario Lito Malanca – Email: MMALANCA@iom.int, Telephone: (+249)922406655. Preparedness and Emergency Response Head of Unit: Mr. Riad Marrow – Email: rmarrow@iom.int, Telephone: (+249)922406671.    


IOM Offices: Country office: Khartoum. Sub-offices: South Darfur - Nyala, North Darfur - El-Fasher, West Darfur - Geneina; South Kordofan - Kadugli, West Kordofan - El Fula; and Abyei PCA - Abyei. Presence: East Darfur, Central Darfur, Blue Nile, White Nile, Kassala, Red Sea, and Gedaref.


International Staff: 23


National Staff: 151


Achievements 2016:

In 2016: 

  • Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): Provided accurate and timely registration and/ or verification for approximately 422,740 individuals in Darfur region and Kordofan(s) consisting of 235,257 IDPs, 113,790 returnees and 73,693 South Sudanese refugees. These figures were shared with humanitarian actors to support evidence-based humanitarian assistance.   
  • Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (ES/NFI): 78,418 individuals (10,833 households) were assisted through the provision ES/NFIs. 1,656 households were provided with enhanced protection through the construction of improved emergency shelters and 24 communal spaces were constructed (14 were used as temporary schools and the other 10 were used as community gathering spaces). 
  • Emergency Health and Nutrition: Managed fixed and mobile clinics in the Darfur region that offered the minimum basic health package (MBHP) including treatment of communicable/ non-communicable diseases, maternal and child care, and health promotion activities including: 52,232 medical consultations and training of 220 health workers on updated treatment protocols, management of infectious diseases, and general public health topics such as good personal hygiene, nutrition, food and water handling practices and the benefits of immunization. 3,759 households (8,596 IDPs and members of the surrounding community) were mobilized by health workers to conduct integrated vector management activities in South Darfur. The outpatient therapy (OPT) nutrition center established in Um Baru, North Darfur assisted 1,657 beneficiaries: 1,016 children under five years (U5s) have been screened for malnutrition, the 129 identified cases of acute malnutrition were treated at the OPT. Another 92 cases involving pregnant and lactating women/ children U5s were referred for additional support through nutrition programs.
  • Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): Provided 653,913 beneficiaries with services including access to safe water and improved sanitation through the provision of water systems and purification kits, construction of latrines, and hygiene promotion campaigns for communities. Facilitated technical trainings for 30 hand pump mechanics and formation of water management committees to support maintenance and sustainability of water schemes. 
  • IOM Managed Rapid Response Fund (RRF): IOM worked with five implementing partners to reach approximately 523,000 crisis affected individuals with Protection, ES/NFI, Health, and WASH initiatives.
  • Food Security and Livelihoods: Supported over 57,000 people with the provision on 31,355 heads of livestock, agricultural inputs (tools and seeds), and skills training to improve farming techniques including vaccination of 19,355 heads of livestock in Buram, South Darfur. 50 Men and Women in El Radoam, South Darfur State were trained in bee keeping and honey production promoting sustainable management, food security and conservation of biodiversity for indigenous honey bees. 100 women (40 from IDP camps, 40 from the host community and 20 South Sudanese) were trained in small business management and received start-up kits in East Darfur to increase their self-reliance with income generating activities.
  • Community Stabilization: Provided capacity building training to local authorities and facilitated community dialogue workshops to support better management of resources, reduce conflict among sedentary and pastoral communities and foster social cohesion. Provided rehabilitation of communal institutions in East Darfur including: a women and Youth Centre in Ed Daein, a health facility and a primary school in Abu Karinka, and the fencing of the main cattle market in Bahr al Arab as peace dividends. 
Total Requested:
$49,950,000
Total Funded:
$0
Percentage Funded:
0%

  Technical Assistance for Humanitarian Border Management

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Enhancing Rights-Based Humanitarian Border Management Systems and Policy in Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Providing capacity building training for border management officials to improve their skills and knowledge on topics such as international law, migrant rights and other principles of humanitarian border management. As well as Improving border post infrastructure, procedures, and systems that can provide up-to-date and credible information to enhance migration data collection and border management protocols, and provide evidence to develop comprehensive migration policies.
    Beneficiaries:
    Border Management Officials and Migrants - figures to be determined

  Refugee Multi-Sector

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: IOM Sudan Response to the Migrant and Refugee crisis in the MENA Region
    Amount Requested: USD 2,900,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    To provide emergency assistance and early recovery support to the most vulnerable migrants and refugees affected by crises in the MENA Region who have come to Sudan for protection. The assistance provided will be identified through needs and market assessments: men and women will be provided with vocational skills that will facilitate either job placement or business startup support. Boys and Girls will be provided with access to schools including tuition and school feeding support. Beneficiaries in need of medical assistance will receive basic care and referral to specialized services if required. 
    Beneficiaries:
    4,500 migrants including: 1,650 Women; 1,500 Men; 700 Girls; Boys 650
  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Enhancing Protection to Support Victims of Trafficking and Smuggling and Address the Risks of Displacement and Irregular Migration
    Amount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Enhance capacity of vulnerable communities especially IDPs and Refugees at risk of being trafficked and smuggled; in order to avert exploitation and protection risks through awareness raising campaigns and direct assistance and referrals including medical, psychosocial and Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration support in line with IOM's Mediterranean Response Plan and Sudan’s joint anti-trafficking strategy (2015-2017).
    Beneficiaries:
    60,000 affected Migrants: 12,000 Women; 20,000 Men; 13,000 Girls; 15,000 Boys
  • South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan: Providing critical WASH and Nutrition services to South Sudanese Affected and displaced by conflict
    Amount Requested: USD 2,900,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Providing South Sudanese refugees in Sudan with access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and Nutrition initiatives to improve conditions amongst the population of displaced refugees and members of the host community. WASH activities will increase access to safe drinking water, adequate quality/gender sensitive sanitation facilities and improve personal and public hygiene practices. Nutrition activities will include screening vulnerable people such as children under the age of 5 and pregnant and lactating mothers for signs of malnutrition; those in need will receive support through outpatient therapeutic feeding and Targeted Supplementary feeding programmes (TSFP). Caregivers and community health workers will receive training to facilitate the promotion of better Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices within the community. 
    Beneficiaries:
    250,000 South Sudanese Refugees and members of the host community including: 75,000 Women; 53,000 Men; 72,000 Girls; Boys 50,000.

  Recovery, Return and Reintegration

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Providing Direct Assistance and Voluntary Return and Reintegration Services to Protracted IDPs and Sudanese Returnees Stranded by Crises Abroad
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Provide assistance to protracted IDPs, Sudanese migrants/returnees and Third Country Nationals fleeing from crises in other countries or facing involuntary returns. The beneficiaries will be provided with life saving assistance and durable solutions to facilitate Onward Transportation Assistance (OTA) and return and (re)integration processes.
    Beneficiaries:
    50,000 affected persons: 12,000 Women; 15,000 Men; 10,000 Girls; 13,000 Boys
  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Progressively Resolving Displacement of IDPs through Local Integration, Urbanization and Social Cohesion Initiatives in Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Improve the long term welfare for people affected by the protracted crisis through local integration while promoting social cohesion, urbanization and durable solutions. This initiative will include the provision of basic services and infrastructure, livelihood opportunities and facilitation of community dialogue and strategies to manage conflict and resources.
    Beneficiaries:
    70,000 affected persons: 15,000 Women; 17,000 Men; 20,000 Girls; 18,000 Boys

  Food Security and Livelihoods

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Diversifying Livelihood Opportunities to Enhance Self-Reliance of IDPs and Returnees and Build Community Resilience
    Amount Requested: USD 3,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    rovide sustainable income generating activities (IGAs) for IDPs and Returnees through training and competitive business plan model - where training participants develop feasible and sustainable business plans for small grants/start-up kits.  
    Beneficiaries:
    50,000 IDPs and Returnees: 20,000 Women; 30,000 Men
  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Enhancing Food Security and Agricultural Livelihood Initiatives for Protracted IDPs and Host Communities in Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 2,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Provide vocational/technical training and start up kits for protracted caseloads of IDPs, returnees and host communities with a focus on small business initiatives and agricultural development, establishing fisheries and working through community based participatory approached, supporting Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) to upgrade animal health services and strengthen sustainability of these initiatives. 
    Beneficiaries:
    40,000 IDPS, refugees, and returnees: 16,000 Women; 20,000 Men; 2,000 Girls; 2,000 Boys

  Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Promoting Diverse Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) mechanisms to support communities to manage shocks and stresses
    Amount Requested: USD 800,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Develop DRR mechanisms to mitigate the impact of disasters and conflict to build resilience to shocks and stresses through community capacity building initiatives, establishment of DRR committees and provision of preventative infrastructures.
    Beneficiaries:
    144,545 affected persons: 47,800 Women; 9,091 Men; 48,263 Girls; 39,391 Boys

  Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Providing IDPs with the Skills to Construct Shelters and Earn a Living through the Conditional Cash Transfer Approach
    Amount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Providing skills to protracted IDPs by training them to construct Improved Emergency Shelters and Transitional shelters for other beneficiaries to support community early recovery response and facilitate their own livelihoods. The project will utilize conditional cash transfer/ cash for work approach.  
    Beneficiaries:
    25,000 Vulnerable IDPs: 7,403 Women; 1,572 Men; 8,347 Girls; 7,678 Boys
  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Promoting Early Recovery through the Provision of Transitional/Semi-Permanent Shelters for Vulnerable IDPs and Returnees in Darfur
    Amount Requested: USD 3,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Providing sector approved semi-permanent transitional shelters for IDPs and Returnees using cost effective and environmentally friendly materials/techniques.
    Beneficiaries:
    12,500 Vulnerable IDPs and Returnees: 5,875 Women; 2,125 Men; 3,114 Girls; 1,386 Boys
  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Restoring Basic Human Dignity through Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (ES/NFI) Assistance
    Amount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Ensuring that the most vulnerable populations with specific needs have timely access to Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items assistance.
    Beneficiaries:
    100,000 affected persons: 29,610 Women; 6,290 Men; Girls 33,390; 30,710 Boys

  Health and Nutrition

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Providing Life Saving Healthcare and Nutrition Services and Capacity Building for Local Healthcare Providers
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Improving life saving primary healthcare and nutrition services for affected populations through - the rehabilitation of health and nutrition facilities, provision of consultations, mobile assistance, and referrals for beneficiaries in need of specialized medical assistance and nutrition services; while providing capacity building training and refresher courses for healthcare providers to continue supporting their communities effectively.    
    Beneficiaries:
    100,000 IDPs and vulnerable members of the host community: 31,800 Women; 31,500 Men; 18,020 Girls; 17,680 Boys; 1,000 Health workers

  Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Providing Comprehensive Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Assistance to Affected Populations in Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 10,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Providing urgent life saving access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance for conflict/disaster affected people including IDPs, returnees, and underserved host communities in Sudan. This will include the construction and rehabilitation of water schemes and sanitation facilities; hygiene promotion campaigns to positively encourage a change in attitude and behavior towards safe hygiene practices. 
    Beneficiaries:
    500,000 affected persons: 159,000 Women; 106,000 Men; 142,000 Girls; 93,000 Boys

  Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Transporting Life Saving Items to Affected Populations during Emergencies
    Amount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Provide logistics services to support the humanitarian community's response to emergency needs of people affected by natural disasters and/or by conflict in 2017 and to fill identified gaps in the emergency logistics and transportation capacity of humanitarian relief items to vulnerable populations, particularly those living in rural areas with limited access to services.
    Beneficiaries:
    number of affected persons to be determined as crises emerge and response is provided.

  Coordination and Common Services

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Conducting Intention Survey Exercises to Assess the Needs of Displaced Populations and Host Communities and Feasibility of Return, Reintegration and Local Integration
    Amount Requested: USD 2,300,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    To provide accurate and regular assessments information on beneficiary needs and gaps in the areas of displacement/ returns to evaluate preparedness response and coordination among organizations and government counterparts and local communities in order to support comprehensive community based strategies to reduce secondary and protracted displacement. Profiles and intention surveys to provide current data on feasibility of permanent returns, reintegration and local integration in Sudan. 
    Beneficiaries:
    300,000 IDPs, returnees, refugees & affected population: 69,000 Women; 75,000 Men; 71,000 Girls; 85,000 Boys
  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Conducting Vulnerability Studies to Reduce Beneficiary Dependency on Humanitarian Aid
    Amount Requested: USD 750,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Conducting detailed assessments of the vulnerabilities of both WASH and Health beneficiaries to identify the most vulnerable people that need continued humanitarian assistance; and provide resilience support for those beneficiaries who no longer qualify for humanitarian aid. These studies will help establish more robust sector specific strategies on durable solutions and reduction of beneficiaries' dependency on WASH and Health humanitarian assistance.
    Beneficiaries:
    300,000 IDPs, Refugees, and Returnees: 79,000 Women; Men 80,000; 72,000 Girls; 69,000 Boys.
  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): Tracking, Registration and Verification of IDPs, Returnees, and Other Affected Populations in Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 2,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Improving the efficacy and accuracy of targeted humanitarian assistance to conflict/disaster affected populations including new IDP caseloads, returnees, refugees and other vulnerable people by providing detailed, accurate and timely assessment information on life saving needs and gaps in basic services required in areas of displacement and return; strengthening the coordination among humanitarian actors in these areas to increase the impact of the support provided.
    Beneficiaries:
    400,000 IDPs, returnees, refugees & affected population: 97,000 Women; 98,000 Men; 100,000 Girls; Boys 105,000.
Total Requested:
$49,950,000
Total Funded:
$0
Percentage Funded:
0%
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