Sri Lanka 2018
The major causes of crisis situations currently in Sri Lanka are the natural hazards such as drought, ﬂoods, landslides, coastal erosion, cyclones and a rising sea level. Of particular concern, over recent years, is the increase in areas of drought, and the erratic monsoons bringing torrential rain causing death and displacement due to landslides and ﬂooding. In 2017, IOM contributed to a disaster response in which some 880,000 people were affected by ﬂoods and landslides with 85,000 homes damaged or destroyed.
Key areas of focus in 2018 are migration, climate change, and environment. IOM will conduct research studies into the relationship between migration and climate change to help fill the significant data gaps on the impacts of climate change on mobility. In addition, IOM’s social cohesion and reconciliation projects will continue to support marginalized groups and contribute to building a society which supports all of its members and contributes towards peace processes. Sustainable return and reintegration of Sri Lankan refugees from India will support a sustainable route home for the thousands of conflict-affected refugees still residing in Tamil Nadu.
In all areas of work, IOM works in close coordination with the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) and with UN and civil society partners. As co-leader of the UN Shelter Working Group, IOM remains ready to assist in the event of future disasters. The social cohesion and reconciliation projects strive to advance the implementation of the Peacebuilding Priority Plan and support GoSL broader actions in promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights in-line with government policy particularly the overall National Policy on Reconciliation introduced in 2017. Climate change, environment and migration activities are conducted in coordination with WFP and FAO, and are in-line with the GoSL’s ratification in 2016 of the Paris Agreement. Assistance for returning refugees supports GoSL to implement its National Policy on Durable Solutions for Conflict Affected Displacement which aims to ensure those who have ensured displacement will be restored to a life of normalcy, safety and dignity.
Note: the projects below are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 30,000 beneficiaries
Contact Information: Tracey Sampson, Donor Reporting Officer, firstname.lastname@example.org /email@example.com, http://srilanka.iom.int
IOM Offices: Country Office: Colombo; Operations and Migrant Services Centre, Colombo; Migration Health Assessment Centre, Colombo; Sub-Offices: Batticaloa, Jaffna, and Kilinochchi.
International Staff: 6
National Staff: 136
- 112 GoSL officers and community leaders gained enhanced skills to manage future disasters through comprehensive IOM camp coordination and camp management training.
- GoSL was supported to manage the flood and landslide disaster though the roll out of the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and provision of shelter and non-food items assistance for 60,257 displaced individuals.
- 38 evacuation sites were identified for use by Internally Displaced Persons in future emergencies through DTM site assessment in flood and landslide affected areas.
- Three damaged primary health care centres were reconstructed in Ratnapura district and medical equipment distributed to eight health facilities in the flood and landslide affected areas.
- Crucial policy development input provided to the Technical Committee on Reparations charged with the task of drafting new reparations legislation.
- 120 government officials attend training on transitional justice and reparations processes.
- 1,748 victims, victim representatives, affected community members and members of civil society organizations improve knowledge on access to reparations from awareness-raising workshops.
- Mapping completed of GoSL past and ongoing efforts to provide remedies to victims of various types of violations through the Rehabilitation of Persons, Property, and Industries Authority (REPPIA) and other institutions including assessment of the overall institutional capacities and disposition toward the delivery of various types of reparations.
- Database management assessment produced for REPPIA ahead of its absorption into the future Reparations Office and with a view to develop future linkages with other transitional justice mechanisms.
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Comprehensive Return and Reintegration Assistance for Sri Lankan Refugees from India to Sri LankaAmount Requested: USD 2,400,000 Amount Received: USD 2,400,000Objective:The project aims to support the sustainable, safe and dignified return and reintegration of Sri Lankan refugees from Tamil Nadu, India. The comprehensive activities in the pipeline are designed to support refugees before, during, and after their return home. Successful reintegration will be fostered through: i) the provision of shelter assistance, ii) livelihood development opportunities; iii) health and mental health and psychosocial support; iv) support for productive infrastructure and other measures to enhance economic conditions in the targeted communities; v) awareness programmes and referral guidance regarding government and community services. The focus on youth employability, assistance for women, and support for most vulnerable is an essential component of this project.Beneficiaries:2,300 (2,000 refugees; 300 government servants)
Promoting Social Cohesion and Reconciliation, through a Reparations Mechanism in Sri LankaAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 620,000Objective:The project will contribute to building a society which works towards the well-being of all members; fights exclusion and marginalization; creates a sense of belonging; promotes trust; and offers the opportunity of upward social mobility. The activities include technical assistance to government to operationalize the GoSL Reparations Office and support to establish an effective reparations mechanism. The project activities focus on land and property restitution; transitional justice; durable solutions for displaced populations; strengthening of independent commissions; and referral and support for marginalized groups - notably women, youth, and former combatants.Beneficiaries:20,000 community members
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Migration, environment and climate change (MECC) linkages in Sri LankaAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 50,000Objective:The project will contribute to the effective preparation for and management of climate-change related disasters in Sri Lanka. The planned study entitled, Migration, Environment, and Climate Change Rapid Assessment in Sri Lanka will be conducted jointly by IOM, FAO and WFP across six, at risk, districts and will examine linkages between climate change, environmental degradation and migration. This initial study will provide preliminary data to inform a joint proposal for a more in depth study with the aim of gathering data on which to base targeted investment in rural development, food security, and inclusion of MECC into existing development plans and policy frameworks.Beneficiaries:10,000 migrants (internal climate change-affected migrants; returnee Sri Lankan labour migrants; Sri Lankan labour migrants working overseas)
Shelter and Non-food items
Provision of assistance to flood and landslide victims in Sri LankaAmount Requested: USD 350,000 Amount Received: USD 350,000Objective:Activities will include: i) Provide essential shelter and NFI assistance to vulnerable people whose homes were damaged or destroyed by floods and landslides; ii) Building on assistance provided in 2017, in early 2018, IOM provided 187 transitional shelters for affected families completing this project; and iii) With weather patterns uncertain, IOM as co-leader of the shelter working group remains ready to assist in the event of further disasters.Beneficiaries:750 displaced people