South Sudan 2017
South Sudan’s protracted crisis commenced in 2013 and to date has resulted in 7.5 million people, out of a total population of 12 million, being in need of humanitarian assistance. While prior to fighting in the capital, Juba, in July 2016, the northern parts of the country were the most affected, the conflict now engulfs virtually the entire country. By December 2016, 1.9 million South Sudanese were internally displaced and more than 1.3 million had fled to neighboring countries. Economic decline and inflation owing to austerity and the decreasing capacity of households to cope due to exposure to prolonged crisis is aggravating food insecurity and malnutrition. 3.6 million people are identified as severely food insecure. People weakened by malnutrition are also more perceptible to diseases and illness.
In 2016, IOM continued to support internally displaced persons (IDPs) and individuals in host communities, including those seeking protection in the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians sites (PoCs) and collective centers across South Sudan. As the majority of IDPs are outside of displacement sites in often inaccessible areas, there is a lack of information as regards the needs and plans of these populations in remote areas. Access to baseline information and the mapping of basic needs and critical gaps in services and infrastructure, alongside detailed population data at the individual level, is essential to facilitate effective planning and response. In 2017, IOM will continue to advocate using the contingency spaces in the Bentiu and Malakal PoCs to ensure IDPs have dignified living conditions. IOM is working towards durable and transitional solutions through facilitating the depopulation of PoCs were security permits to allow people to exercise their freedom of movement. Solutions vary from assisting IDPs to make informed decisions, relocation, and encouraging returns to areas of pre-displacement when and where possible. To provide accommodation, offices and logistics bases for humanitarian agencies, IOM has built two humanitarian hubs and is managing three. IOM will also focus on capacity building for partners; disaster risk reduction in programming; and a shift from in-kind and pipeline depended interventions towards cash programming; the resumption of bi-monthly donor meetings will provide a platform for fund raising. The mental health and psychosocial services (MHPSS) program will focus on strengthening methodologies of ongoing specialized services in the PoCs; developing a South Sudan MHPSS toolkit; strengthening coordination mechanisms amongst MHPSS actors; expanding activities to affected host communities; creating integrated programs in areas at heightened risk of displacement; and expanding the MHPSS donor portfolio. IOM’s rapid response fund (RRF) will be working with USAID/OFDA to streamline the proposal process as well as increase assistance to IDPs in hard to reach areas through national NGOs.
IOM operates under the overarching strategy of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and coordinates under the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Humanitarian Cluster System (IASC). IOM is Cluster lead for Shelter and Non-Food Item (S-NFI) and manages the provision of S-NFI materials through the Core Pipeline. IOM is Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster co-lead and Focal Point in Jonglei, Upper Nile, Warrab, and Western Bahr el Ghazel. IOM is the Cluster State Focal Point for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Upper Nile and manages 12.5% of the WASH Core Emergency Supply Pipeline for the entire South Sudan. IOM runs the Common Transport System (CTS) which transports humanitarian assistance throughout South Sudan. IOM chairs the Rapid Response Team (RRT) Working Group under the rotational leadership system. IOM participates in the Psychosocial Support Services (PSS) Taskforce and the Mental Health Forum.
Note: the projects below are in line with the South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2017) as well as the South Sudan Consolidated Appeal (Januaray - December 2017), which includes all HRP projects as well as additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2,450,803 individuals
Contact Information: Mr. William Barriga, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org. Mr. John McCue, Head of Operations, email@example.com Website: https://southsudan.iom.int/
IOM Offices: Country Office: Juba; Sub-Offices: Bentiu, Bor, Malakal, Renk, Wau; Presence in Abyei
International Staff: 115
National Staff: 348
- CCCM in Malakal PoC served 33,191 IDPs by expanding the sites to alleviate congestion and mitigate flooding. In Bentiu PoC IOM served 152,219 IDPs through its Camp Management and Camp Coordination activities. In Wau, IOM, and partners, constructed a new protected area by the site that hosted 33,000 by December 2016. IOM also took on Camp Management duties in Wau. IOM also relocated 3,345 IDPs from Tongping PoC to UN House PoC in Juba between July and September 2016 with the Tongping site subsequently closed and decommissioned. Across the sites, 165 people were trained in CCCM concepts.
- WASH served 719,503 IDPs and vulnerable communities in UNMISS PoC sites and priority displacement locations. WASH rehabilitated 72 boreholes in Unity and Western Bahr el Ghazel that now serve 36,000 IDPs and vulnerable communities with potable water. Two new boreholes were drilled in Bentiu PoC in Unity and four in Wau PoC in Western Bahr el Ghazal with 80,000 IDPs using these new safe water sources. 143,169 IDPs benefited from IOM sanitation services including the care and maintenance of 2,734 latrines, garbage collection, disposal of solid, and liquid waste management in Bentiu, Malakal, Melut and Tongping PoC sites. 135 IDPs were trained and mobilized to promote good hygiene practices in Bentiu, Tongping, Malakal and Melut PoC sites.
- Shelter/NFI in 2016 IOM S-NFI Frontline team conducted 29 needs assessments, 43 distributions and 4 post-distribution monitoring evaluations. IOM co-ordinated and supported Cluster partners to perform 196 needs assessments and 236 distributions. 241,509 beneficiaries were provided with NFIs and 120,851 with shelter materials. The pipeline moved more than 3,210 metric tons of cargo across the country. Cargo moved included 118,000 mosquito nets, 52,000 kitchen sets, 167,800 plastic sheets, 15,105 shelter kits, and 81,250 NFI kits. IOM achieved 18 days average time between requests by partners and delivery of items to the field. The pipeline supported the Shelter/NFI activities of 26 partners. IOM managed stock in seven locations across the country.
- Health In 2016 IOM incorporated Health RRT members into existing operating bases in Bentiu and Malakal PoC sites and in Renk County, ready to be deployed to hard-to-reach areas in a short period of time. The Rapid Response Team (RRT) setup temporary PHC clinics at three collective centers in Wau (Wau Cathedral, Wau Red Cross and Wau Nazareth clinics) where IOM conducted 115, 218 (130,173 including Wau PoC) consultations. The RRT conducted a total of 49,994 oral cholera vaccinations and vaccinated a total of 239,952 under-5-year-olds against measles. IOM provided 7,513 consultations to IDPs in Tongping PoC. In Malakal PoC IOM held 881 health education sessions, reaching 58,504 individuals. In Bentiu PoC IOM reached 10,647 individuals with MHPSS services. In Wau, IOM reached 223 children with frontline psychosocial support services. In Malakal IOM provided 634 individuals with basic emotional and social support. IOM trained 158 MHPSS community mobilisers, eight community counsellors and 73 Psychosocial Mobile Team members on psychosocial skills, basic counselling and group facilitation skills.
- The IOM Rapid Response Fund South Sudan and Abyei, through the support of USAID/OFDA has disbursed funds to 13 international and national NGOs in support of their emergency services to communities affected by man-made and natural disasters.
Coordination and Common Services
Provision of information and logistical services to support the humanitarian response to people in needAmount Requested: USD 4,370,000 Amount Received: USD 1,319,699Objective:Support humanitarian responders to make information-based decisions and provide assistance to people in need.Beneficiaries:630,239 IDPs (547,805) and host communities (82,434), including 352,934 women and 277,305 men, of whom 384,446 children and 18,907 eldery
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to displaced populations in South SudanAmount Requested: USD 12,630,000 Amount Received: USD 6,239,348Objective:Improve living standards, strengthen accountable service delivery and support information-based decision-making for IDPs and humanitarian responders in camps and camp-like settings.Beneficiaries:630,239 IDPs (547,805) and host communities (82,434), including 352,934 women and 277,305 men, of whom 384,446 children and 18,907 eldery
Shelter and Non-food items
Provision of coordination services and emergency Shelter/NFI assistance to people in need in South SudanAmount Requested: USD 1,657,500 Amount Received: USD 455,024Objective:Support Cluster partners and contribute to the effective implementation of targeted shelter and NFI response through continued coordination of the Cluster and provide flexible, rapid response to meet the acute needs of conflict-affected people in South Sudan.Beneficiaries:170,000 IDPs (136,680), returnees (27,030), and host communities (6,290), including 88,400 women and 81,600 men, of whom 81,600 children and 3,400 elderly
Provision of shelter materials and NFI to people in need in South Sudan (Pipeline)Amount Requested: USD 20,058,217 Amount Received: USD 5,499,663Objective:Efficient procurement, transportation, prepositioning and storage of shelter material and NFI to ensure swift delivery to those in need.Beneficiaries:945,000 IDPs (759,945), returnees (150,000) and host communities (35,055), including 491,400 women and 453,600 men, of whom 453,600 children and 472,500 elderly
Resilient Shelter and NFI Solutions for Conflict and Disaster Affected in South SudanAmount Requested: USD 1,143,750 Amount Received: USD 1,181,543Objective:Contribute towards the strengthening of community coping mechanisms and cohesion of vulnerable and at-risk communities through the provision of more sustainable and cost-effective non-food items and emergency shelter interventions.Beneficiaries:50,000 IDPs (25,000), returnees (6,250) and affected individuals (18,750), including 26,000 women and 24,000 men, of whom 24,000 children and 1,000 elderly
Sustaining Life saving Primary Health Care Services and Provision of Rapid Response and Psychosocial Support for Vulnerable IDPs, Returnees and Affected Host Communities in Unity, Upper Nile and Western Bahr el Ghazal, and other sites across South SudanAmount Requested: USD 14,124,800 Amount Received: USD 1,467,748Objective:Contribute to the reduction of avoidable morality and morbidity through the provision of life-saving, rapid response primary health care services, TB and HIV diagnosis and treatment, as well as strengthening access to mental health and psychological support services (PSS) for vulnerable IDPs, returnees and conflict-affected host communities.Beneficiaries:307,060 IDPs (245,648) and host communities (61,412), including 156,600 women and 150,460 men, of whom 190,377 children and 6,141 elderly
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
WASH Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPnR) Operations to assists IDPs and vulnerable communities affected by conflict, flood, disease outbreaks and acute malnutritionAmount Requested: USD 1,650,000 Amount Received: USD 196,148Objective:Deliver and enhance the immediate WASH emergency relief assistance through the deployment of mobile teams to areas where vulnerable populations affected by conflict, floods, disease outbreaks and acute malnutrition.Beneficiaries:107,259 beneficiaries, including 60,423 women and 46,836 men, of whom 66,858 children and 2,145 elderly
Procurement and management of core pipeline WASH emergency supplies to support the enhancement of the WASH sector’s preparedness and response in South Sudan.Amount Requested: USD 7,500,000 Amount Received: USD 1,862,829Objective:Bolster the WASH cluster’s capacity to respond to emerging humanitarian response in locations with greatest needs through the management of a portion of the WASH core pipeline.Beneficiaries:234,283 beneficiaries, including 151,714 women and 82,569 men, of whom 162,320 children and 2,261 elderly
Provision of emergency WASH assistance for affected populations in South SudanAmount Requested: USD 8,550,000 Amount Received: USD 3,419,448Objective:Provide emergency water and sanitation, and promote good hygiene among underserved and vulnerable populations affected by conflict, floods, disease outbreaks and acute malnutrition in South Sudan.Beneficiaries:213,000 IDPs (122,159) and host communities (90,841), including 119,280 women and 93,720 men, of whom 128,053 children and 5,582 elderly
Provision of Common Logistics Services for Humanitarians in the Republic of South SudanAmount Requested: USD 5,168,470 Amount Received: USD 299,999Objective:This project falls in line with Cluster Objectives, which are to provide logistics, cargo, and passenger air services to the humanitarian community to address the needs of the affected population. Specifically, this project will support 80 agencies benefiting from the Common Transport System in Malakal, Bentiu, Wau and other key operational locations and strategies (movement of cargo and warehousing).Beneficiaries:80 Humanitarian/UN Agencies
Migration ManagementAmount Requested: USD 6,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:South Sudan faces deep migration challenges due to vast and porous borders, lack of appropriate legal frameworks, poor infrastructure and weak law enforcement capacity. The country is a mixed migration transit route, used by people travelling to Europe through the northern migratory route and to South Africa through the southern migratory route. There are very few facilities or services provided for migrants caught in crisis and in need of assistance, basic services and protection. In 2016 South Sudan, engaged in regional initiatives and committed to obligations related to border management and addressing transnational organised crime, including human trafficking. As a member state of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the East African Community (EAC), South Sudan. is obliged to institutionalize the frameworks of these regional economic communities that contribute towards under the overarching guidance of the African Union. IOM will support the Government€™s effort to improve border security, prevent organised transnational crime and improve migration management, including through constructing immigration infrastructure, where possible;Promote and strengthen regional cooperation and interagency collaboration, and improve national coordination and dialogue mechanisms among key Government institutions, non-government agencies and countries of origin; seek opportunities to establish a referral mechanism and providing assistance to irregular migrants; improve Government response mechanisms for migrants in need of basic services, protection and assistance through drafting appropriate legal frameworks; and improve the capacity of law enforcement and other agencies with migration functions including through regional training and study opportunities and operationalization of the Immigration Training Centre.
Transition and Recovery
Transition and RecoveryAmount Requested: USD 7,650,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Transition and recovery projects focus on increasing people€™s abilities to return and resettle and offer opportunities for community-level stabilization. Programming utilizes community-based peacebuilding and conflict mitigation strategies to foster communication and accountability within and between all sectors of society. Dialogue is promoted and local economies boosted through facilitating trade and incomegeneration projects, constructing or rehabilitating key infrastructure and raising awareness through various media and community fora. In 2017, IOM€™s transition and recovery interventions will focus on key geographic areas where community stabilization interventions are possible and necessary, including the Abyei Administrative Area and other areas of high return. Interventions include vocational training, livelihoods, literacy and business skills trainings that help individuals and reinvigorate the local economy. Women and girls are provided with tailored support that recognises traditional vulnerabilities. Community participation is actively encouraged, stressing the importance of peace for development and the necessity of assuming responsibility for the sustainability of projects, within a framework of cooperation with government institutions. The VAS will be utilised to provide evidence-based information.