Somalia


Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$57,057,317
Total Funded:
$8,481,857
Percentage Funded:
15%

While Somalia continues to be on a positive political trajectory after decades of political turmoil, this has not led to improvements in the humanitarian situation. Humanitarian vulnerabilities are increasing and acute vulnerability levels remain high due to conflict, displacement, poor basic services, food insecurity, malnutrition and climatic variability. The previously estimated 5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance has increased to 6.2 million out of a total population of 12.3 million as a result of severe drought conditions and warnings of a possible famine. This includes a sharp increase in the number of people in “crisis” and “emergency” from 1.1 million to nearly 3 million. While prior to the worsening of drought conditions, Somalia had an estimated 1.1 million IDPs, between December of last year and March 2017, reportedly over 600,000 persons have been displaced as a result of the drought according to data compiled by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).[1] There are further over 363,000 acutely malnourished children in Somalia, of which 71,000 are severely malnourished. It is estimated that 4.5 million people are in need of urgent Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services.

In 2017, humanitarian partners in Somalia will prioritize saving lives, protection for the most vulnerable, basic services, strengthened resilience and durable solutions. The Somalia Operational Plan for Pre-Famine Scale up of Humanitarian Assistance targets 5.5 million people through a multi-sector response to the deteriorating drought conditions. If we fail to respond, vulnerable population members will be at increased risk of displacement, loss of livelihoods and disease. Millions will be unable to access safe water and primary health care and may die from preventable diseases such as cholera and measles. IOM will continue to respond to the needs and vulnerabilities of populations in crisis as identified by the DTM as well as other populations in need. IOM’s multi-sectoral assistance in Somalia includes: shelter and non-food items (NFIs), WASH, health, food security, protection, camp coordination and camp management, technical capacity building and working with local stakeholders to identify and implement durable solutions for populations affected by displacement. IOM will focus on providing lifesaving assistance in response to mass displacement and humanitarian situations as a result of conflict, cyclical climatic events, forced evictions and mass returns of refugees and migrants from Kenya, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. IOM will enhance resilience of crisis affected communities against future shocks and drivers of instability through viable livelihood support, infrastructure development/rehabilitation, and capacity building of local authorities. Beneficiaries of IOM response will include drought-affected communities, IDPs, returnees, migrants, refugees, pastoralists, host communities, as well as victims of human trafficking.

IOM will continue implementing its interventions in Somalia in close cooperation and collaboration with government partners, UN agencies, and local NGOs, and will coordinate its interventions through active participation in the Protection, WASH, Health, Shelter/NFI, and Food Security Clusters.

Note: the projects below are in line with the 2017 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan developed by the Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes. For more details on IOM’s drought response, also see the IOM Appeal Somalia Drought (January – June  2017).  

[1] This number is based on multiple sources, including the Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN), Jubaland Refugee and IDPs Affairs (JRIA) and Puntland Ministry of Interior’s IDPs Affairs Department (IAD)

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 1,050,700 beneficiaries

Contact Information: Mr. Gerard Waite, Chief of Mission, GWAITE@iom.int @iom.int; Mr. Sam Grundy, Stabilization and Transition Coordinator, SGRUNDY@iom.int; Jennifer Pro, Drought Response Coordinator, JPRO@iom.int, Website:  http://ronairobi.iom.int/somalia  

IOM Offices: Country Office: Mogadishu; Support Office Nairobi; Sub-Offices: Hargeisa, Bossaso, Garowe, Kismayo, and Baidoa

International Staff: 29

National Staff: 89

Achievements

In 2016:

  • In total, 915,662 IDPs and their host community members have received direct humanitarian services from IOM. The services include: free and quality primary healthcare services through 12 Ministry of Health/IOM health facilities; safe and clean water through 11 strategic boreholes; non-food items, food security interventions and protection of livelihood assets.
  • In 2016, IOM rolled out the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in seven districts (five regions) across Somalia, identifying 430,062 displaced persons in 181informal IDP settlements as well as living among host communities.
  • IOM supported 2,520 Somali returnees fleeing the conflict in Yemen with onward transport assistance. On 6 November 2016, in partnership with IOM Yemen, IOM Somalia successfully organized sea evacuation of 127 Somali nationals (55 females and 72 males) from Aden (Yemen) to Berbera sea port in Somaliland. 
Total Requested:
$57,057,317
Total Funded:
$8,481,857
Percentage Funded:
15%

Camp Management and Displacement Tracking

  • Humanitarian Response Plan (Pre-famine Scale Up): Tracking and forecasting population displacement using Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) system targeting the drought-affected areas in Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 595,000
    Objective:
    To improve access to timely and accurate information on internally displaced persons (IDPs), including their evolving multi sectoral needs and vulnerabilities. This will be achieved through the dissemination of displacement alerts using Emergency Tracking Tools and additional DTM reports. Specific objectives include: (1) to ensure availability of drought‑induced displacement data and information highlighting the latest displacement trends through the production of drought alerts; (2) to produce quarterly Flow Monitoring and DTM Reports, which provide trend data on key population groups, and population estimates at the district and settlement level. During detailed site assessment rounds, gender and protection specific vulnerabilities, and sectoral needs will also be collected; (3) to provide technical assistance and training to government authorities, Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) partners, NGOs, and other interested parties on the use of the DTM methods, tools and data.
    Beneficiaries:
    150 humanitarian stakeholders
  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Technical Support/Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
    Amount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 608,280
    Objective:
    (1) To ensure that the specific needs of populations living in displacement sites are identified and addressed, in a coordinated manner and based on commonly agreed criteria, while advocating for solutions to their displacement; (2) to provide technical surge support to local administrations already hosting or likely to host a large number IDPs to improve preparedness and response to the needs of drought affected population members. People in need include the estimated 1.1 million IDPs prior to the drought and over 600,000 displaced persons as a result of the drought. 
    Beneficiaries:
    The total direct beneficiaries targeted by IOM will be determined pending field level situation analyses and coordination with government and humanitarian stakeholders.

Protection

  • Humanitarian Response Plan (Pre-famine Scale Up): Enhanced protection of drought-affected displaced populations and mitigation of secondary displacement through emergency site planning, institutional capacity building and provision of support assistance
    Amount Requested: USD 1,357,580 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    To improve protection mechanisms for IDPs affected by drought and secondary displacement through emergency site planning, institutional capacity building and provision of direct support to persons under threat of forced eviction.
    Beneficiaries:
    155,000 persons, including IDPs (124,000), host communities (30,950), and authorities (50)
  • Humanitarian Response Plan (Pre-famine Scale Up): Protection of trafficked victims, vulnerable mobile and displaced populations and prevention of human trafficking caused by increased vulnerability due to drought
    Amount Requested: USD 1,105,450 Amount Received: USD 288,979
    Objective:
    (1)To raise awareness on the risk of human trafficking in Puntland (Bari, Nugaal, Mudug) and South Central Somalia (Banadir, Galgaduud) to prevent drought affected vulnerable persons from putting themselves at risk of exploitation (and starvation) while migrating in search of food and livelihoods; (2) to ensure that actual and potential victims of trafficking (VoTs), including unaccompanied migrant children (UMC) and street children displaced by the ongoing drought, have timely and appropriate access to protection and life-saving services. This includes health care (such as medical  support), food and safe houses, as well as access to livelihood creation interventions to ensure they do not engage in high risk behaviour or get re-trafficked. 
    Beneficiaries:
    Direct: 150 Victims of Trafficking (VoTs). Indirect: 14,800 (7,400 female, 7,400 male) beneficiaries reached through community based awareness sessions; 153,000 (86,000 female, 67,000 male) indirect beneficiaries reached through radio campaigns
  • Humanitarian Response Plan (Pre-famine Scale Up): Improve access to gender based violence (GBV) prevention and response services among drought affected populations
    Amount Requested: USD 900,000 Amount Received: USD 122,916
    Objective:
    To improve social protection mechanisms for GBV survivors and contribute to GBV prevention among vulnerable drought affected communities.
    Beneficiaries:
    34,370 persons, including IDPs (23,214), migrants (3,063), returnees (3,000), and host communities (5,093). Gender and age breakdown includes 26,035 females and 8,335 males, of whom 9,690 are children and 800 elderly
  • Humanitarian Response Plan: Responding to protection needs of IDP and other populations in mixed migration flows to, from and within Somalia.
    Amount Requested: USD 750,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    (1) Provide primary healthcare, psychosocial services, non-food items, and information to IDPs, returnees and migrants; (2) provide assisted voluntary return assistance to stranded migrants, and build institutional capacity of government institutions to respond to protection needs.  
    Beneficiaries:
    14,650 persons, including IDPs (7,150), migrants (5,500), and returnees (2,000). Gender and age breakdown includes 7,550 females and 7,100 males, of whom 6,600 are children and 750 elderly
  • Yemen Regional Response: Facilitating safe and dignified return of the most vulnerable stranded Somali nationals in Yemen through immediate reception assistance and onward transportation from Bossaso, Berbera and Mogadishu to their return locations.
    Amount Requested: USD 515,740 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Assist vulnerable Somali returnees from Yemen through immediate reception support in Bossaso, Berbera, and Mogadishu and onward transportation assistance to their return locations. 
    Beneficiaries:
    3,000 returnees
  • Humanitarian Response Plan: Prevention of human trafficking and protection of trafficked victims through awareness creation, direct assistance, capacity building of civil society, police and prosecutors and creation of sustainable structures
    Amount Requested: USD 1,107,450 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    To raise awareness on the risk of human trafficking related to irregular migration in Puntland and South Central Somalia to protect against and prevent internally displaced and other vulnerable persons from putting themselves at risk of trafficking and exploitation; (2), to ensure that VoTs have timely and appropriate access to protection and life-saving services; (3), and to improve the institutional response to human trafficking.  
    Beneficiaries:
    Direct: 15,130 (150 VoTs; 180 (36 female, 144 male) capacity building training; 14,800 (7,400 female, 7,400 male) community based awareness raising sessions; indirect: estimated 153,000 IDPs, migrants, returnees, host community members

Food Security

  • Humanitarian Response Plan (Pre-Famine Scale Up): Enhance the Provision of Urgent Food Assistance to Drought Affected IDPs and Host Communities in Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 7,200,000 Amount Received: USD 297,342
    Objective:
    The project aims to improve food security levels and contribute to saving the lives of communities severely affected by drought conditions in Somalia.
    Beneficiaries:
    288,000 persons, including IDPs (133,920), migrants (16,416), returnees (44,928), and host communities (92,736). Gender and age breakdown includes 159,120 females and 128,880 males, of whom 134,928 are children and 2,592 elderly
  • Humanitarian Response Plan: Humanitarian livelihoods support for IDPs, returning populations, migrants and host communities to address food insecurity and income shortages in South Central, Puntland and Somaliland
    Amount Requested: USD 5,000,090 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Improve food security and resilience of IDPs, returning populations, migrants and host communities through the distribution of unconditional cash grants, seasonally appropriate and livelihood specific agricultural inputs, restoration of assets and vocational and business skills training. 
    Beneficiaries:
    44,550 persons, including IDPs (23,400), migrants (2,550), returnees (9,600), and host communities (9,000). Gender and age breakdown includes 24,614 females and 19,936 males, of whom 20,872 are children and 400 elderly

Shelter and Non-food items

  • Humanitarian Response Plan (Pre-Famine Scale Up): Provision of Emergency Lifesaving Shelter and NFI Assistance to Drought Affected Displaced Populations in Somalia and Vulnerable Host Community Members
    Amount Requested: USD 5,424,900 Amount Received: USD 350,000
    Objective:
    Contribute to the protection of 180,000 (108,000 female and 72,000 male) people affected by severe drought in Somalia through NFI distribution and access to emergency shelter.
    Beneficiaries:
    180,000 persons, including IDPs (144,000) and host communities (36,000). Gender and are breakdown includes 108,000 females and 72,000 males, of whom 81,000 are children and 27,000 elderly
  • Humanitarian Response Plan: Improve the shelter conditions of 70,000 displaced, crisis-affected and returning population members in Banaadir, Gedo, Lower Juba, Bay, Lower and Middle Shabelle, Hiiraan, Puntland and Somaliland
    Amount Requested: USD 6,392,060 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    (1) Contribute to the protection of newly displaced and crisis affected populations and returnees; (2) improve living conditions of protracted IDPs and returnees; (3) facilitate access to durable solutions for returnees.  
    Beneficiaries:
    70,000 persons, including IDPs (42,000), returnees (14,000), and host communities (14,000). Gender and age breakdown includes 36,400 females and 33,600 males, of whom 31,500 are children and 10,500 elderly

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

  • Humanitarian Response Plan (Pre-famine Scale Up): Provision of lifesaving and sustainable access to safe water and appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services for emergency and crises affected populations and their host communities
    Amount Requested: USD 11,194,000 Amount Received: USD 4,204,580
    Objective:
    (1) Scale up  to provide temporary access to safe water to 180,000 people (99 200 female and 80,800 male) living in emergency and crisis situations including IDPs, returnees and nomadic populations and their host communities; (2)  provide reliable and sustained access to safe water to 90,000 people (51,200 female and 48 ,800 male) through the construction, rehabilitation and maintenance of strategic water points and establishment of sustainable management structures; (3) provide reliable and sustainable access to environmental sanitation and improve hygiene practices for 60,000 people (31,200 female and 28,800 male) in the targeted locations.   
    Beneficiaries:
    360,000 persons, including IDPs (261,000), returnees (9,000), and host communities (90,000). Gender and age breakdown includes 192,600 females and 167,400 males, of whom 216,000 are children and 12,150 elderly

Health

  • Yemen Regional Response: Supporting Safe and Dignified Return of Somali Returnees through Life Saving Healthcare at Arrival Locations, including Mogadishu, Dhobley, Bossaso, Berbera and New Border Points
    Amount Requested: USD 410,047 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Improve access and quality of life-saving primary healthcare services and enhance referral mechanisms for secondary healthcare at transit and arrival locations for Somali returnees. 
    Beneficiaries:
    81,000 returnees
  • Humanitarian Response Plan (Pre-famine S: Emergency life saving health care for crisis affected populations including IDPs, migrants, returnees, and affected host communities in Somaliland, Puntland and South Central regions
    Amount Requested: USD 11,200,000 Amount Received: USD 2,014,760
    Objective:
    (1) To improve access to and utilization of essential primary healthcare services and enhance referral mechanisms for secondary healthcare for 240,000 (84,000 girls, 72,000 boys, 48,000 women and 36,000 men) crisis affected population members in Somalia; (2) enhance preventive and promotive health care through awareness campaigns, community engagement and social mobilization for 240,000 crisis affected population members in Somalia. 
    Beneficiaries:
    240,000 persons, including refugees (6000), IDPs (160,000), migrants (24,000), returnees (10,000), and host communities (40,000). Gender and age breakdown includes 132,000 females and 108,000 males, of whom 156,000 are children and 12,000 elderly
Total Requested:
$57,057,317
Total Funded:
$8,481,857
Percentage Funded:
15%
This appeal has been supported by

Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)