Despite the tragic 1994 genocide against the Tutsis, followed by massive Rwandan refugee outflows, over the past decade, Rwanda has been making tireless efforts in reconciliation and nation building. As of today, Rwanda enjoys peace, security, political stability and economic growth. However, even with the tremendous progress made, Rwanda is affected by multiple crisis – both man-made and natural disasters.
Due to the continued instability in the Great Lakes region, Rwanda has been hosting 73,894 Congolese for more than a decade and experienced a significant population influx in April 2015 caused by election-related crisis in Burundi. According to UNHCR, as of March 2017, the total number of refugees in Rwanda is 158,083 persons, which includes 84,666 Burundian refugees, 73,367 Congolese refugees, and some 50 refugees from various countries including Afghanistan, Angola, Central Africa Republic, Chad, Eritrea, Haiti, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda. Besides the influx of refugees and asylum seekers, Rwanda has received 20,000 returnees since 2013, many of whom are in need of reintegration support. Looking ahead, the UNHCR Refugee Contingency Plan estimates that 30,000 Congolese refugees as well as 30,000 Rwandan refugees, currently hosted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, could potentially cross the border to Rwanda in 2017 due to increased violence in the Eastern parts of DRC.
Apart from the aforementioned man-made crisis Rwanda is prone to natural disasters, especially floods and landslides due to the country’s mountainous topography. In May 2016 floods and landslides resulted in the death of 50 individual and the injuring of 27, the same events also led to the destruction of over 2,300 houses. In addition, Rwanda is becoming increasingly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and is in result experiencing more frequent and severe weather conditions. The prolonged drought in 2016 and the severe rains in 2017 are great testaments to this - seven districts in the Eastern provinces of Rwanda affected by severe food insecurity. This is further aggravated by the droughts deterioration of already limited livelihood opportunities. In January 2017, over 1,000 houses were destroyed due to intensive and heavy rains.
Despite the stable security and governance system in Rwanda the country is plagued by human trafficking and smuggling, to a large part perpetrated by global criminal networks. Rwanda is a country of origin, transit and destination for human trafficking, and has been ranked as a Tier 2 Watch List country in the 2016 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report from the US Department of State. IOM is the leading UN agency in terms of counter trafficking programming in Rwanda. The Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion (MIGEPROF) is the key counterpart at the Government level, while IOM partners with UNICEF, UNFPA and UNWOMEN for the implementation of counter trafficking initiatives.
In Rwanda, IOM is leading the Shelter/NFI and CCCM sector in the natural disaster context. IOM is an active member of the UN Country Team and the UNDAP Results Group or DRG 1 (Economic transformation), DRG 3 (Health and Social Protection) and DRG 4 (Humanitarian Response, including DRR). IOM is a lead UN agency for the sustainable reintegration programme. Established in May 2012, DRGs (Development Results Groups) serves as programme and coordination mechanisms to enable the design, development, implementation, quality, coherence and consistency of programme activities leading to deliverying on UNDAP Results as well as monitoring and evaluation ofprogramme implementation and its contribution to desired results. For the Organizations in disaster response, the key counterpart is MIDIMAR at the national level and the local government at district level.
Note: the projects above are in line with theBurundi Regional Response Plan (January - December 2017) developed by UNHCR in the absence of Humanitarian Country Team in Rwanda. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes. These interventions are coordinated with the Government of Rwanda and at the inter-agency level.
Contact Information: Ms. Catherine Northing, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, Ms. Eriko Nishimura, Project Officer (Emergency Response) email@example.com or Project Officer (Counter Trafficking) Ms. Alia Hirji, firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +250 252 586 710
IOM Offices: Country Office: Kigali; Clinic: Kigali; Presence in Ngororero District
International Staff: 5
National Staff: 31
- Funded by CERF, IOM constructed a water supply system and health post in Nyarushishi Transit Center in order to improve the reception condition of Rwandan returnees upon their arrival.
- Funded by USAID, IOM was the first UN agency to provide emergency response in the disaster situation after landslide disaster in Gakenke and other districts. IOM provided emergency cash for work to 889 disaster affected persons to support shelter construction.
- Funded by CERF, IOM provided shelter / NFI support to the 1,265 disaster affected households (or 6325 individuals) in Gakenke district, and iron sheet provision to over 120 disaster affected households (600 individuals) in Ngororero district. IOM’s cash for work benefited to 1,133 skilled and 2,477 unskilled labourers and some 400 vulnerable families supported their house construction.
- Funded by UNTFHS, IOM provided market oriented skills training to 220 youth from vulnerable households who were exposed to the disaster risk in Ngororero District.
Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Comprehensive action to combat trafficking in persons in Rwanda (Joint Programme with IOM, UNICEF, UNWOMEN and UNFPA)Amount Requested: USD Amount Received: USDObjective:To strengthen the capacity of Rwanda (government and civil society) to respond to all forms of internal and cross-border human trafficking, including protecting and assisting victims of trafficking. Specifically, the project will contribute to the existence of an evidence base on the extent and the drivers in trafficking in persons; analysis of the recent legislative amendments; updating the National Plan of Action on Trafficking in Persons, implementation of anti-trafficking public awareness campaigns; strengthening processes and tools for identification, referral and direct assistance of Victims of Trafficking; and increased awareness and capacity of all key stakeholders.Beneficiaries:10,000 affected persons (youth, women and children)
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Strengthening human security by enhancing resilience to natural disasters and climate-related threats in Rwanda (Joint Programme with IOM, UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNHABITAT and WHO)Amount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To strengthen human security, enhance resilience, and improve disaster risk management of high-risk communities and most vulnerable populations in disaster-prone districts in Rwanda. In 2016, One UN has received 2 million USD to implement the project in Ngororero district, and IOM is responsible for the economic empowerment of the disaster affected community through provision of market-oriented skills training. Following the same modalities, One UN intend to expand this project in other districts.Beneficiaries:800 youth from vulnerable households with high exposure to disasters
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Sustainable Return and reintegration of Rwandan Returnees (Joint Programme with IOM, FAO, UNICEF and UNHABITAT)Amount Requested: USD 2,960,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To strengthen national capacity for sustainable reintegration of Rwandan refugees (UNDAP Outcome 3.3, Output 3.3.3), the joint initiative intends to achieve three outcomes: Outcome 1 (Social Protection and Human Rights): Returnees enjoy full access in terms of human rights, and are fully protected and respected. Outcome 2 (Access to Social Services): Returnees have increased access to basic social services including basic education, primary health and durable housing; and Outcome 3 (Enhanced Livelihoods): Returnees have increased economic opportunities / livelihoods.Beneficiaries:9,600 Rwandan returnees who came back to Rwanda after 2013 (80%) and 2,400 vulnerable individuals in host community (20%)
Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan: Supporting Self-Reliance and Livelihood Opportunities of Burundian Refugees in RwandaAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Enhancing livelihoods through (a) linking affordable remittance services to Burundian refugees in camp and urban environments; (b) provision of market-oriented skills training, job placement / business startup support to urban refugees; and (c) establish IT-hub in Mahama camp and transform refugee economy through IT-based solution.Beneficiaries:(i) 30,000 Burundian refugees and 10,000 Burundian diaspora (remittance services); (ii) 1,000 refugees in urban areas (skills training, business support and job placement); and (iii) 1,000 refugees in Mahama Camp (IT-based intervention)