Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is prone to natural and man-made hazards that continue to cause devastating effects such as loss of livelihoods, destruction of shelter, and internal displacement. Currently, there are at least 75,000 IDPs in PNG due to volcanic eruption, earthquakes, ﬂooding, landslide, tsunamis, rising sea levels, bush ﬁres, tribal conﬂict, and sorcery related killings and another 97,200 in need of immediate WASH assistance. It is estimated that among the 75,000 IDPs, 22,000 have returned to their place of origin without the support of interventions to facilitate transition and recovery. A further 37,000 are in transit centres for periods ranging from three months to 12 years awaiting resettlement, with the largest number (31,800) facing protracted displacement due to volcanic activities in Madang province. Displaced populations in PNG generally lack basic services which include access to WASH, shelter, health, education, food security, livelihoods, documentation, land and property rights and peace and security.
The 2016 El Nino induced drought and frost resulted in failure in crop production, supply of water and food security. As a consequence of this drought some 97,500 people are still in need of immediate WASH assistance. 37,200 people in Milne Bay and Enga province are extremely vulnerable due to food insecurity and livelihood disruption and, across PNG, 60,300 people do not have access to clean water sources, which has signiﬁcantly increased the risk to gastro-intestinal infections and water borne diseases such cholera, typhoid and diarrhoea. In response to these and similar situations, IOM continues to provide assistance to at-risk and disaster-affected communities in PNG by meeting immediate WASH requirements by providing access to potable water, functioning sanitation facilities and basic NFI kits required for practicing good hygiene. IOM further ensures increased awareness on water borne diseases through cholera prevention and hygiene promotion among the target population. This works in tangent with activities to resuscitate community health structures by engaging village health workers and training community health volunteers, water point committees and pump minders.
IOM PNG has effective working relations with the Government of PNG and works closely with responsible Government departments, including the National Disaster Centre. IOM PNG promotes/contributes to a multi-stakeholder response as the current Cluster lead for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFIs), and as an active member of the WASH, Health, Protection, and Food Security and Nutrition Clusters. IOM works in coordination with UN agencies, development partners, faith-based organizations, civil society and the Government at national and sub-national levels.
 These include tribal fighting, land disputes and sorcery related killings displacements.
 IOM PNG Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 30,000 (6,000 households)
Contact Information: Lance Bonneau, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, Wonesai Sithole, EDM Coordinator, email@example.com
IOM Offices: Country Office: Port Moresby Sub-offices (Provinces): Enga, Jiwaka, Simbu, Lae, Madang, Oro, Gulf, West New Britain, East New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville, Milne Bay and Manus
International Staff: 14
National Staff: 55
- Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) strategies were developed for 12 Provinces.
- IOM delivered Training of Trainers (ToT) on Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM), including Community Based Planning (CBP), to 364 participants from Government, non-governmental organizations and community representatives from Manus, Bougainville, Milne Bay, Enga, Jiwaka, Simbu and Gulf Provinces.
- 24 participants from Enga and Morobe Provinces received ToT on Conﬂict Mitigation, Gender, and Peacebuilding.
- IOM conducted a drought impact assessment in the Highlands and Milne Bay provinces, identifying 152,000 individuals in need of assistance.
- IOM provided WASH assistance through the distribution of 6,000 WASH kits, drilling of 23 boreholes, building one gravity fed water system, and through the training of 30 pump minders, 150 water point committee members and Participatory Health and Hygiene Education (PHHE) awareness in Enga, Morobe, Simbu and Jiwaka provinces reaching a total of 66,066 community members.
- IOM further distributed shelter and non-food item kits to 539 households in Morobe, Enga, Jiwaka, Oro, East New Britain and Simbu province.
- IOM facilitated access to documentation for 610 displaced adults and 201 children in Gulf Province through the ‘Civil and Identity Registry’ into PNG’s new national registration system.
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
- Disaster risk awareness sessions targeted 67,330 people from 13 provinces through drama performances, billboards, and radio, print and television messages. And, a total of 74 wards developed CBDRM plans to better prepare, mitigate and manage disaster risks.
- A total 2,000 of households received agriculture seeds,1,000 sets of agriculture toolkits and resulted in 40 tonnes of rice harvested in one season. In addition, 100 master farmers were trained on conservation farming.
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Strengthening community cohesionAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 1,600,000Objective:To strengthen the reintegration of displaced families returning to their place of origin through conflict mediation. This includes developing of a national IDP policy that supports resettlement of IDP’s.Beneficiaries:77,469 Individuals, including 37,400 womenand 40,069 men
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Providing emergency food assistance to drought- and conflict affected communitiesAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To enhance households and community assets through ensuring food security and protected and/or improved access to food for vulnerable individuals and households (HHs) living in food insecure areas. Productive assets and capabilities will be maintained and/or improved for vulnerable individuals and households living in food insecure areas and localized food shortages among vulnerable families in the Highlands and Milne Bay regions affected by drought will be reduced.Beneficiaries:20,000 individuals, including 4,600 women, ,235 men, 4,688 boys and 7,477 girls
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Ensuring access to safe drinking water and promoting good hygiene practicesAmount Requested: USD 400,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To provide drought affected communities access to high quality potable water, sanitation facilities, and information on good hygiene practices through consolidating emergency community and environmental health responses and promoting global best practices in sanitation and hygiene.Beneficiaries:37,200 individuals (6,000 households), including 17,856 women and 19,344 men
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Enhancing climate-resilient agriculture in drought-affected communitiesAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To build the resilience of Highlands and Coastal communities impacted by climate shocks through training on sustainable and adaptive farming methods that incorporate climate tolerant crops suitable for high and low altitudes and widely variable weather patterns. This will be complimented by facilitating dialogue on land rights disputes that currently inhibit access to farmland and thus negatively impact on agriculture production in Enga, Jiwaka, Simbu and Morobe province.Beneficiaries:12,400 individuals (2,000 households), including 5,952 women and and 6,448 men
Shelter and Non-Food Items/CCCM
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Providing emergency assistance to disaster and conflict affected communitiesAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To address the needs of conflict-affected communities and communities affected by El Niño-induced droughts, floods and landslides in Jiwaka, Enga, Oro, Morobe, and Simbu provinces through timely provision of emergency shelter, medical assistance and non-food items (NFIs) to vulnerable households as well as those newly displaced.Beneficiaries:150,000 Individuals (24,193 households), including 78,000 man and 72,000 women