Pakistan


Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$27,007,121
Total Funded:
$13,330,081
Percentage Funded:
49%

Pakistan is a disaster prone country and is listed amongst the top 10 countries in Asia-Pacific exposed to river flood risks.[1] Transboundary river-basin floods occur annually with large scale impacts, in particular affecting poor and vulnerable populations that are dependent on agriculture.  Since 2010, over 37 million people in Pakistan have been affected by flash, riverine and Glacial Lake Outburst flooding (GLOF), that have damaged or destroyed more than 3 million houses and displaced more than 17 million people.[2] Owing to heavy rains, inflows from swollen mountain rivers and glacial melting, Pakistan experiences mild to extreme flooding every year during July – September, affecting residents of riverbanks or katcha areas., Pakistani territory is also placed on 11 regional fault zones and borders an extremely earthquake prone central Asian region that has experienced 269 seismic events since 26th October 2016.[3] During 2015, two major disasters damaged a combined total of 199,786 houses in Pakistan, both through the monsoon-induced flash flooding and GLOF in July-August and the 7.5 magnitude earthquake in October originating from Badakhshan province in North-East Afghanistan.[4]

In the context of complex crises in the North-West, 399,365 internally displaced families have returned to areas of origin in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).[5] As compared to previous years, the returns in 2016 were the most significant returns. This was led by the government with the support of the humanitarian community. Nevertheless, as a result of prolonged displacement and insecurity, much of the physical and social infrastructure is destroyed in areas of return and great efforts are required for recovery and rehabilitation. The progress during 2016 on returns means the focus of humanitarian operations in 2017 will shift to the return areas. However, a significant number of families remain displaced, 70,588 families as  of January 2017, and will continue to require humanitarian support.[6]

Pakistan has been host to over 3 million Afghani nationals for more than 3 decades starting from the 1980s – this includes over 2 million Afghan refugees and 1 million undocumented Afghans. 2016 witnessed a sharp increase in the spontaneous return of undocumented Afghans as well as registered refugees due to various socio-political developments on both sides of the border. Deportations associated with security measures put in place by the Government of Pakistan (GoP) have also multiplied since November 2016. During 2016, over 253,000 undocumented Afghans returned to their homeland[7] matched by a similar number of registered refugees (381,275 individuals).[8] According to the Commissionerate of Afghan Refugees (CAR), another 700,000 Afghans (both refugees and undocumented migrants) are expected to move across the border in the coming two years. As per present estimates, the country hosts approximately 1.3 million registered refuges and 600,000-700,000 undocumented Afghan nationals.

From 2005 – 2016, IOM Pakistan has implemented humanitarian, resilience building and rehabilitation programmes worth approximately US$ 280 million, supporting populations affected by natural disasters and complex crises across the country. Ongoing humanitarian projects include the Multi–Year Humanitarian Programme, a Department for International Development (DFID) funded consortium together with UNICEF, FAO, ACTED and HANDS. This consortium has been formed to deliver integrated, multi- sector and cost-effective preparedness, response and recovery programming for natural disasters so to build local capacities, meet life-saving needs and support community-level recovery in a way that enhances resilience to future shocks.

IOM Pakistan’s humanitarian unit is undertaking a comprehensive evaluation of shelter recovery designs implemented between 2010 and 2012. On-going research includes evidence-based recommendations on flood-resistant shelter typologies and technical shelter guidelines. The findings will be compiled to produce a Construction Guide for resilient shelter options in the flood plains of Pakistan.

IOM Pakistan has deployed border monitors at Torkham and Chaman to track border crossing, collect information regarding return intentions, evaluate critical needs and vulnerabilities, and disseminate information on available humanitarian assistance for the returning populations. In parallel, interventions being discussed with various stakeholders include technical support to government of Pakistan and Afghanistan for issuance of documentation to undocumented Afghan nationals, border management support, transport and/or cash assistance for returning populations, regular flow monitoring across border and assessment in host communities.

Note: the projects below are in line with the 2017 Humanitarian Strategic Plan developed by the Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.

 

[1] United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) (2015) ‘Disasters in Asia and the Pacific: 2015 in review’, internally circulated. According to the World Resources Institute (2015), Pakistan accounts for 12% of the global population exposed to river flood risks. The percentage (12% for Pakistan) is derived using stats for Pakistan (0.71%) and stats for rest of the world, which is 5.69% and calculated as: 0.71/5.69=12.

[2] Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) (2016) ‘Humanitarian Needs Overview: 2016’.

[3] PMD Presentation, internally circulated

[4] Data for Floods 2015 and Earthquake 2015 have been extracted from the official website of the Natural Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). Data for flood affected populations in Sindh is absent from the official data. 

[5] IDP Return Factsheet | UNHCR | 31 January 2017.

[6] 2017 Humanitarian Strategic Plan |  

[7] IOM Afghanistan | Afghan Returns Sitrep | January 2017

[8] OCHA – Weekly Afghan Return Snapshot | 13 January 2017

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2,200,201 individuals (excludes 500 humanitarian aid workers from PSAIT Programme)


Contact Information: Mr. Davide Terzi, Chief of Mission: dterzi@iom.int, Ms. Ammarah Mubarak, Humanitarian Operations Manager: amubarak@iom.int. Tel: +92 51 2307841-57   


IOM Offices: Country Office: Islamabad; Sub-Offices: Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Mirpur and Sukkur; Presence across Khyber Pakhtunkhwa/Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Sindh and Punjab


International Staff: 11


National Staff: 175


Achievements 2016:

  • During 2016, the Natural Disasters Consortium[1] completed floods and earthquake response for 67,901 and 37,296 beneficiaries respectively. 45% of the support provided was multi-sector assistance comprising of Shelter, WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) and FSL (Food, Security and Livelihoods) activities. In addition, recovery activities targeting families that received emergency response aid started in year 2016. The Consortium reached 45,863 individuals through early recovery programming (78% of which is multi-sector recovery support).
  • National preparedness plans were supported through the roll out of multi-sector preparedness trainings in 7 districts of Pakistan that are also identified as priority districts under the government’s National Disaster Management Plans (NDMP). In preparation of the upcoming monsoon season, 4,500 emergency shelter/NFI kits and 9,000 WASH stocks for 13,500 families have been strategically prepositioned in the North and South of the country. Additionally, financial resources have also been allocated to maintain flexibility in response based on the nature of the disaster, geographic location and on ground needs.
  • As the sector lead agencies for Shelter, WASH and FSL in Pakistan are members of the consortium, programme activities are designed based on best practices and lessons learnt from previous responses. Programme activities (preparedness, response and recovery) are also closely coordinated with relevant government and humanitarian counterparts, including clusters/sectoral working groups, national and provincial disaster management authorities. Further, the consortium actively seeks partnerships with other sector/clusters (including Health, Nutrition, Protection and Community Based Disaster Risk Management) and DFID-funded organizations/consortia (Building Disaster Resilience in Pakistan) operating in disaster-prone areas to ensure complementarity in activities and optimal use of resources. The Humanitarian Communications (HComms) programme rolled out a variety of communication activities targeting displaced and returning population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA affected by complex crises. During 2015-2016, the programme reached more than 80,000 individuals through critical communication support including 5,233 awareness raising sessions, 55 radio campaigns broadcasted, 37 newspaper advertisements and over 370,000 IEC (Information, Education and Communications) materials printed and disseminated to IDPs and returning population.
  • IOM Pakistan participated in a cross-regional study to collect data on Migration Flows from Afghanistan and Pakistan towards Europe. The study will contribute towards mapping of geographical hubs of migration within Pakistan, together with the profiles of the people who are most likely to migrate. The database developed as a result of this study will guide programmes in both host and origin country to support the migrants and migration process more effectively.
  • The Pakistan Security Awareness Induction Training (PSAIT) programme trained 207 humanitarian aid workers (133 men and 74 women) in various security and safety trainings throughout Pakistan.

 

[1] The Natural Disasters Consortium is a four year (2015-2019) disaster preparedness, response and recovery programme funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID). The Consortium is led by IOM and includes UNICEF, FAO, ACTED and HANDS. 

Total Requested:
$27,007,121
Total Funded:
$13,330,081
Percentage Funded:
49%
Pakistan Humanitarian Strategic Plan
Requested 2,017,424 | Received: 884,194 | Percentage funded: 44%

  Multi-Sector

  • Multi-Year Humanitarian Programme for Natural Disasters Preparedness, Response and Recovery in Pakistan
    Amount Requested: USD 9,469,697 Amount Received: USD 9,469,697
    Objective:
    Enhance the capacities of disaster-affected communities for responding to natural disasters through improved design of preparedness, response and recovery interventions.
    Beneficiaries:
    24,240 families

  Shelter and Non-food items

  • Shelter and Non-Food Items support for vulnerable population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Provision of Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI) kits to extremely vulnerable, displaced families returning to areas of origin in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) to assist in post-crises recovery. 
    Beneficiaries:
    1,200 families, including 3,384 women and 3,816 men, of whom 3,888 children and 288 elderly

  Coordination and Common Services

  • Humanitarian Communications Support for IDPs and returnees of KP/FATA
    Amount Requested: USD 211,425 Amount Received: USD 171,285
    Objective:
    IOM will continue to provide critical and multi-sectoral lifesaving information to insecurity-affected populations through a combination of formal and informal communication channels, in coordination with cluster partners and government authorities. 
    Beneficiaries:
    105,427 families, including 258,296 women and 479,693 men
  • Strengthening evidence-based response planning for undocumented Afghan migrants and potential returnees to facilitate informed, dignified and sustainable returns, Pakistan
    Amount Requested: USD 305,999 Amount Received: USD 152,999
    Objective:
    IOM will facilitate coordinated, voluntary and dignified returns of undocumented Afghans from Pakistan; facilitate a timely and effective humanitarian response through provision of evidence based data, highlighting priority response areas and needs for the undocumented Afghan populations. 
    Beneficiaries:
    600,000-700,000 Afghan undocumented migrants still residing in Pakistan
  • Provision of Security Awareness Induction Support to the Humanitarian Community in Pakistan (PSAIT Programme)
    Amount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 559,910
    Objective:
    Contribute towards the safety and security of humanitarian aid workers in Pakistan including measures to address and mitigate risks, facilitating more effective delivery of humanitarian assistance through 31 on-site trainings and e-learning courses benefitting an estimated 500 individuals. Trainings planned throughout the action include: 1) 12 Security Awareness Induction Training (SAIT) €“ maximum of 15 participants per course, 2) 12 Specialized Trainings €“ maximum of 15 participants per course, 3) 12 Women€™s Security Awareness Training €“ maximum of 15 participants per course. In addition, an estimated 150 humanitarian aid workers will receive added benefit from an online e-learning course. Overall, at least 500 development and humanitarian aid workers will be trained throughout the duration of action. 
    Beneficiaries:
    500 humanitarian aid workers (65% men and 35% women
Migration Crisis Operational Frameworks
Requested 15,520,000 | Received: 2,976,190 | Percentage funded: 19%

  Return and Reintegration Assistance

  • Repatriation Support to Undocumented Afghans in Pakistan
    Amount Requested: USD 15,520,000 Amount Received: USD 2,976,190
    Objective:
    Host and destination countries supported through facilitation of safe, orderly and humane migration for vulnerable undocumented Afghan nationals living in Pakistan. The project is designed to respond to the following strategic intervention: 1) Pre-Departure Support: Transit Centers established at Torkham (KP) and Chaman (Balochistan) border crossings to provide pre-return reception services as well as returns assistance to undocumented Afghans, 2) Medical Screening: Rapid health screening and emergency medical assistance for undocumented migrants returning to Afghanistan at the transit centers or border crossing points in close coordination with WHO, UNICEF and relevant counterparts across the border, and 3) Cash/Transport Assistance: Transport assistance and/or cash in-lieu-of transport provided to undocumented Afghan households that have been identified through a mechanism agreed with the Governments of Afghanistan and Pakistan. 
    Beneficiaries:
    600,000 €“ 700,000 Undocumented Afghan nationals residing in Pakistan
Total Requested:
$27,007,121
Total Funded:
$13,330,081
Percentage Funded:
49%
This appeal has been supported by

 

ECHO

DFID