In North-Eastern Nigeria, the intensification of attacks, as well as the counter-insurgency activities of the Nigerian Government, have resulted in prolonged insecurity and endemic violations of human rights, exacerbating the plight of vulnerable civilians and triggering waves of forced displacement. 1.77 million people remain displaced in Nigeria, and displacement will continue to be a significant factor in 2017. The majority of these people were displaced at the height of the conflict in 2014 and 2015, when Boko Haram claimed large tracts of territory across in North-East Nigeria, most severely affecting Borno State; the epicenter of military operations and civilian displacement. As several areas become accessible, the security situation in North-Eastern Nigeria is expected to remain fragile. Over 80 per cent of Borno State is considered to be areas of high or very high risk for humanitarian actors to access, which in turn limits access to vulnerable communities. However, while humanitarian needs of vulnerable populations in the North East of Nigeria are increasingly addressed, it is urgent to ensure that their mid and longer term needs are equally addressed through the recovery of the community, especially as the crisis becomes protracted. Many displaced households found assistance and shelter in host communities, where they live with scarce resources in communities already marked by high rates of poverty and need for humanitarian assistance. Moreover, given the protracted nature of the crisis, humanitarian needs in North-East Nigeria are spiraling with a consequent rise in inter-communal tensions.
IOM Nigeria’s humanitarian interventions currently exist within the following four main components: a) provision of reliable data on displacement through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) across six states in Nigeria; b) provision of direct assistance to affected populations through the distribution of non-food items and emergency shelter coordination and programming (ES/NFIs) as well as displacement management and support (CCCM) in affected states; c) construction, operation and maintenance of Water and Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) facilities; and d) promotion and protection of the psychosocial wellbeing of individuals affected by insurgents activities in conflict-affected states.
In support of the Government of Nigeria’s leadership, IOM’s partners include National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), and State Emergency Management Agencies (SEMAs), the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Ministry of Budget and National Planning, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development. As a member of the United Nations Country Team (UNCT), IOM works in partnership and implements common projects with UN agencies such as United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Food Programme (WFP), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization (WHO), and international organizations and NGOs such as the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS) and the Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) to expand support to the displaced population and victims of ongoing conflict in North East Nigeria.
Note: the projects below are in line with the 2017 Nigeria Humanitarian Response Plan developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 1,101,200 beneficiaries
Contact Information: Ms. Enira KRDZALIC, Chief of Mission, EKRDZALIC@iom.int. Mr. Fouad DIAB, Emergency Programme Coordinator, firstname.lastname@example.org.
IOM Offices: Country Office: Abuja FCT; Sub-Offices: Bauchi, Maiduguri and Yola; Presence in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe.
International Staff: 22
National Staff: 27
- In 2016, IOM biometrically registered 475,360 individuals (134,046 households) in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States. IOM has also started its biometric registration activities in the newly accessible areas to the affected population where have been registered in Bama, Monguno, Ngala and Nganzai. This registration of the vast majority of affected population will also benefit indirectly the humanitarian actors, as it will provide more detailed information and will advise and support the humanitarian response. Moreover, DTM is now able to reach 23 LGAs in Borno (85% coverage), 21 LGAs in Adamawa (100% coverage), and 17 LGAs in Yobe (100% coverage).
- IOM reached 119,847 affected population through essential non-food items and emergency shelter support, including NFI distribution in host communities, and construction or reinforcement of shelters and emergency shelters in affected areas. IOM has also implement WASH activities, benefitting more than 376 families with safe drinking water.
- The Psychosocial Support Program has also scaled up, increasing its team up to 103 PSS mobile team members, bringing MHPSS activities to 95,204 beneficiaries in more than 22 camps and host communities in Maiduguri, 14 sites in Adamawa State and to camps in the newly accessible areas such as Bama, Banki, Benisheik, Dikwa, Gwoza and Pulka (Borno State).
Coordination and Common Services
Humanitarian Compendium: Establishment & Management of Humanitarian Hubs and Common Services in North Eastern NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 18,500,000 Amount Received: USD 9,472,535Objective:Ensure better coordination, collaboration, complementary and effectiveness of preparedness and response interventions by humanitarian actors in support to Local Government Authorities, sustain multi-sector, concentrated humanitarian presence in remote and hard to reach conflict-affected areas, and provide critical security support and coordination needed to facilitate the ongoing and expanding humanitarian programmes by ensuring that all compounds meet required MORSS standards as well as evacuation planning.Beneficiaries:1,822,541 international staff, including 983,903 women and 838,368 men
Shelter and Non-food items
Humanitarian Response Plan: Shelter and NFI assistance to conflict affected population in North East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 25,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Ensure sufficient, coordinated and adequate delivery of emergency shelters to respond to the immediate needs of displaced populations in host communities, returnees, and IDPs, deliver reinforced shelters and house repair assistance for IDPs in return areas, sites, and hosting communities, and deliver non-food item kits.Beneficiaries:350,000 beneficiaries, including 188,182 women and 161,818 men, of whom 196,630 children and 33,040 elderly
Humanitarian Compendium: Responding to Health Needs of IDPs and Host Communities in Newly Accessible Areas in North East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 2,200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide life-saving and life-sustaining health services to affected IDP and host communities, strengthen disease surveillance, outbreak prevention, control and response, and strengthen health system restoration to improve the life-saving health response for people in need, with an emphasis on increasing access to health services.Beneficiaries:40,000 IDPs (25,000) and host communities (15,000), including 22,000 women and 18,000 men, of whom 24,000 children and 2,000 elderly
Humanitarian Response Plan: Mental Health and Psychosocial Support for conflict affected populations in Nigeria's North EastAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Strengthen community and family support mechanisms with the aim of enhancing the psychosocial wellbeing of conflict affected, displaced, and vulnerable individuals, and provide direct and focused psychosocial support activities with the aim of enhancing the psychosocial wellbeing of conflict affected, displaced and vulnerable individuals, and to prevent long term morbidity, mortality and social disruption.Beneficiaries:5,000 IDPs, including 26,500 women and 23,500 men, of whom 29,000 children and 3,500 elderly
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Humanitarian Response Plan: Improving Displacement Management and Operational Coordination in Affected States of North-East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 8,300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Continue tracking and monitoring displacement and mobility, including sex and age disaggregated data and information on needs and gaps, in order to establish a comprehensive follow up on displaced populations, in sites and hosting communities, including sudden movements of populations and to inform appropriate interventions across sectors. Support the monitoring, coordination and management of displacement sites (both camp and "out of camp", including displaced populations in hosting communities) to ensure that minimum standards are upheld and referral pathways reinforced for direct assistance, through capacity building, community participation, on site and mobile facilitation support and case by case analysis. To support the maintenance and care, decongestion of sites (formal and informal including in host communities) through the provision of site planning assistance, improvements when required and coordinated analysis and prepare to respond through Displacement Management / CCCM interventions in regard to IDP returns.Beneficiaries:650,000 IDPs and returnees, including 349,480 women and 300,520 men, of whom 365,170 children and 61,360 elderly
Humanitarian Response Plan: Facilitating the Early Recovery of Populations affected by the Boko Haram crisis through Access to Short Term Income and Rehabilitation of Community Infrastructures in North-East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Contribute to the early recovery of affected populations in host /return communities in North-East Nigeria. This will be achieved through the improvement and/or creation of community infrastructures identified through communal consultation. These infrastructures will be built by affected populations providing an alternative source of income during the implementation stage of the project. The overall aim being to provide a higher quality of life for returning populations and displaced populations during their period of displacement.Beneficiaries:11,200 IDPs (650), returnees (650), and host communities (300), including 864 women and 736 men