Niger is one of the least developed countries in the world, with the poorest socio-economic and development indicators (188/188 UNDP HDI 2016) and the highest demographic growth (average 7.6 children per woman). Instability in neighboring countries (notably Mali, Libya and Nigeria), as well as internal conflict in certain regions in Niger, periodic drought and flooding, and the establishment of the ECOWAS free movement area, are all factors shaping the migratory movements that affect Niger as both a country of origin, transit and destination.
The Nigeria crisis in 2015 continues to affect population living along the lake Chad region in Niger namely in the Diffa region in the east of Niger where other than the local population also accommodates refugees and returnees. These additional population weighs heavily on the already stretched resources and basic social services in this region.
The situation became more complicated in February 2015 when Boko Haram sect started to directly attack people living in the Diffa region which was not previously the case. In 2016 there was an increase in attacks on villages and towns in the Diffa region by Boko Haram sect which caused a massive internal displacement problem in the region which lead to a massive humanitarian need which at the time and to date continues to be very limited/ stretched in terms of capacity to respond.
The end of 2016 and early 2017 has seen a more stable context with a decrease in violence from Boko Haram, which is a direct result from the interventions of armed forces of neighboring countries. Regardless, during this period, the Diffa region has experienced a limited number of returns to the region. The displaced population is, as of December 2016, estimated at 241,564 individuals. This data is provided by Direction Regional de l’Etat Civil – DREC, the only entity in Niger mandated to publish data on displacement.
Nevertheless, the humanitarian community as well as local authorities and leaders remain vigilant as retaliations from Boko Haram could erupt at any moment resulting in more internal displacement of persons within the region. The humanitarian community estimates that, for the year 2017, 55,000 households or 385,000 individuals in the region of Diffa are in need of humanitarian assistance.
IOM since 2013 has been present in the Diffa region to provide assistance to the displaced population from the Boko Haram conflict. IOM’s participation is through the Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI) working group in the region. In 2017, IOM is the co-lead of this working group together with the local government; Ministry of Humanitarian Action and the Management of Disasters (Ministre de l'Action Humanitaire et de la Gestion des Catastrophes) of Niger both nationally and locally in Diffa. In this working group are also Ministre de l'Intérieur, de la Sécurité Publique, de la Décentralisation et des Affaires Coutumières et Religieuses, UNHCR, UNICEF, IRC, Plan International, Care, Acted, CRS, Save the Children just to name a few UN and international organizations.
In addition to emergency response, IOM is also working to counter violent extremism in the region through a small grants as part of a community stabilization program called the Niger Community Cohesion Initiative (NCCI). NCCI works with key leaders to build resilience in the face of the Boko Haram threat in communities where poor civic engagement, youth marginalization and ethnic conflict has advanced the group’s influence and recruitment.
The response for Diffa this year is focused on community stabilization through income generating, capacity building, and community engagement activities and both natural (floods etc.) and man-made (internal displacement resulting from the Boko Haram conflict etc.) disasters for the region.
Note: the projects below are in line with the Niger Humanitarian Response Plan 2017 (January - December 2017) developed by the Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 45,000 refugees), 94,000 IDPs, 15,000 returnees, 23,000 host community, 3,000 other vulnerable groups
Contact Information: Mr. Giuseppe LOPRETE, Chief of Mission, email@example.com ; Mr. Alberto PREATO, Program Manager: MRRM and Emergencies, firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.iom.int/countries/niger
IOM Offices: Country Office: Niamey; Sub-Offices: Diffa
International Staff: 39
National Staff: 96
- IOM assisted 7,477 households or 52,339 individuals (refugees, returnees, IDPs, Host population) affected by the Boko Haram violence with emergency shelters in the Diffa region.
- IOM distributed 9,589 NFI kits that served 67,123 individuals (refugees, returnees, IDPs, Host population) affected by the Boko Haram violence in the Diffa region.
- IOM implemented over 40 CVE related activities (income generation, infrastructure, youth engagement, and capacity building) serving 86,692 individuals in Gueskerou, Chetimari, Diffa, Maine Soroa, and Kablewa Communes for $1.1 m.
- IOM cultivated 28 partners in CVE programming ranging from traditional leaders, to local authorities and civil society organizations
- IOM assisted in establishing a network of over 300 influential individuals organized in 31 committees throughout the region committed to fighting against Boko Haram. The network engages in counter VE messaging, conducts NCCI-led initiatives, shares security related information and best practices in CVE, and has started independent community projects in income generation and youth engagement.
- In 2016 IOM contracted local NGO ADED and international NGO CISP for the operationalization and execution of activities related to the profiling, distribution and realization of emergency shelters and NFI in the region of Diffa
- IOM trained local NGO ADED staff on data collection methodology and targeted distribution methodology for direct implementation of targeted beneficiary selection and distribution
Shelter and Non-food items
Durable Solutions to Internal Displacement in the Diffa RegionAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:1) Roll out the Return Intention Survey (RIS) across all IOM assisted sites in Diffa region. This will inform the Durable Solutions strategy and provide insights on how to achieve durable solutions to internal displacement in Diffa. 2) support displaced families with a return assistance package including shelters and reconstruction assistance as well as livelihood initiatives for families who are expressing their interest in returning to their village of origin. 3) Provide psychosocial support to vulnerable families identified during the RIS and enable referral of Protection cases to specialized agencies/partners. IOM will assist the most urgent cases of displaced persons and returnee with specific protection needs. (Such as trauma, victims of violence, etc.). The beneficiaries will receive psychosocial care and benefit from tailored assistance according to their needs.Beneficiaries:10’ 000 households / 70,000 IDPs with the Return Intention Survey, 1,500 households / 10,500 IDPs with the return assistance packages, and 100% of all identified cases for psychosocial support
Strengthening Humanitarian Response Capacity in South East Niger through Displacement Tracking, Monitoring and Information DisseminationAmount Requested: USD 825,000 Amount Received: USDObjective:To contribute to improved humanitarian response to displacement caused by conflict through enhanced displacement tracking, monitoring and information dissemination. Currently in the Diffa region the government through the Direction Regional de l’État Civile et des Réfugies (DREC-R) is the only entity allowed to publish figures on displacement. These figures published provide just numbers per locality with no real analytical data. With the DTM IOM aims to assist the DREC-R in collecting and publishing more humanitarian orientated data that can feed the clusters/working groups present in the Diffa region with more analytical/ needs orientated data to orient/guide their responses. The activities proposed are: 1) Improvement of data collection tools (questionnaires etc.), 2) Capacity reinforcement for data collection (they don’t have enough staff to collect data in all areas of Diffa because of budget constraints), and 3) Data analysis and dissemination.Beneficiaries:Directorate General of civil registration (Direction Générale de l’Etat civil et des réfugiés, DEC-R), Directorate Regional of Civil registration (Direction Régionale de l’Etat Civil, DREC), Departmentale directorate (DDEC)
Shelter and Non-food items
Assistance biens non alimentaires pour les sinistrés suite à des inondationsAmount Requested: USD 510,245 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide adapted rapid emergency assistance with NFI to 4,297 families affected by flooding in Niger. This involves preposition NFI kits for rapid response to families that will be affected by flooding in Niger. There is also a logistic component to transport these NFI kits to areas affected.Beneficiaries:30,079 individuals (4,297 households), including 15,340 women and 14,739 men
Humanitarian Shelter Assistance and Improved Coordination in response to the Refugee crisis in Diffa regionAmount Requested: USD 4,854,683 Amount Received: USD 1,525,001Objective:OM aims at ensuring the continuity of shelter and NFIs provision for the refugee’s population outside UNHCR and its partners managed sites (residing in spontaneous sites with IDPs and Returnees, returnees), IDP population and host families affected by the Boko Haram crisis. In addition, through a pilot Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) component IOM will contribute to the Government and all humanitarian actor’s data on displacement trends and gaps in the response, as already done in Chad, Nigeria and Cameroon. Moreover, IOM aims at developing pilot transitional solutions for those families returning to their villages of origins and contribute to enhance humanitarian coordination capacity in providing durable solutions to the affected population.Beneficiaries:70,595 IDPs, refugees, and returnees, including 36,003 women and 3,4592 men