Mauritania has since the 1970s known persistent and recurring periods of droughts (1968-1974,1983-1984, 2002-2003, 2005-2009, 2011-2012). Also the current rainy season has seen limited rainfall. This decrease of rainfall has negatively affected the ecological, social, economic and even cultural environment of Mauritania.
In addition, the Department of Bassikounou is hosting the large refugee camp of M’bera, providing refuge since 2012 to Malians fleeing the conflict in Mali. This large refugee camp and the herds of animals which were brought along, have put considerable additional pressure on the already fragile surrounding environment with intense competition for firewood, water and pasture.
In 2018, IOM plans to increase livelihood opportunities for vulnerable refugees and selected host communities in order to mitigate food insecurity, conflict and rural emigration through the following:
1. Produce diversified and high quality food products for refugees;
2. Safeguard and increase host communities’ livestock breeding and farming resources;
3. Strengthen community dialogue and ensure peaceful coexistence.
IOM works in coordination with the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of hydraulics and sanitation, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Breeding, UN agencies (including UNHCR, WHO and UNICEF among others), international and national NGOs.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 6,000 refugees and 6,000 host communities
Contact Information: Contact Contact the Donor Relations Division Tel: +41.22.717.9111
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Amount Requested: USD 1,940,000 Amount Received: USD 0