Malawi is prone to natural and human-made disasters, which include floods, drought, stormy rains, strong winds, hailstorms, landslides, earthquakes, pest infestations, diseases outbreaks, fires and accidents. The intensity and frequency of disasters has been increasing, in the face of climate change, population growth, urbanization and environmental degradation leaving thousands of people displaced. Past and current disaster events have resulted in the loss of life; damage to property, buildings, infrastructure such as roads, rail, bridges and telecommunication systems; crop loss; perpetual food insecurity and health impacts such as diarrhoea, cholera and malaria.
Statistically, the January 2015 flood is so far the highest on record for Malawi and constitutes a 1 in 500 year event. It is estimated that the floods affected 1,101,364 people, displaced 230,000 and killed 106 people. This led to the President declaring a state of emergency for the following 15 districts: Nsanje, Chikwawa, Phalombe, Zomba, Blantyre, Chiradzulu, Thyolo, Mulanje, Balaka, Machinga, Mangochi, Ntcheu, Salima, Rumphi and Karonga. Recently, there have been new floods in two districts in the central region of Malawi, namely Ntcheu and Salima. In Ntcheu, the floods have affected a total of 439 households consisting of 1,820 individuals. Affected households are located in the Traditional Authority (TA) Ganya (243 households) and Masasa (196 households). Out of the 196 households in TA Masasa, 44 households are residing at a displacement site (camp) in the same TA, whilst 152 are in Host communities. A total of 386 hectares of maize and cow peas were washed away and others buried in the sand and houses for all the affected 196 households were run down by the flooding waters. In Salima district, the floods affected TA Pemba and an estimated 183 households. Out of these 183 households, 145 households were displaced, and have settled at Mgando Primary school which is in the same TA.
Apart from the 2015 floods, Kapise village in Mwanza district of Malawi experienced an influx of Mozambican People of Concern (PoC) who had been affected by political standoff between the Mozambican ruling party (FRELIMO) and opposition party (RENAMO). After voluntary relocation of Mozambican PoCs in Kapise, due to lack of capacity, the majority of PoCs now reside in the Luwani Refugee Camp Due to lack of capacity at Kapise in Mwanza, a number of challenges were being experienced such as inadequate water supply, space for expansion of the camp, congestion; and this scenario posed serious health threat. Currently Luwani refugee Camp hosts 3,280 PoCs, the number of PoCs have been increasing since the end of the relocation in June 2016 and the numbers are expected to continue to raise as results of the truce between FRELIMO and RENAMO are yet to be seen. There are ongoing tripartite negotiation between the governments of Malawi, Government of Mozambique and the UNHCR to reach a durable solution on the Mozambique refugee situation that has forced multitudes of people to leave their country to neighbouring Malawi and Zimbabwe. Outcomes of these negotiations will have a significant effect on the needs of the affected populations and IOM overall response to current and future needs.
Contact Information: Mr Mpilo Nkomo, Head of Office, firstname.lastname@example.org. Mrs Brenda Chimenya, Information Management/ Project Assistant, email@example.com.
IOM Offices: Country Office: Lilongwe; Presence across the 3 regions in Malawi, particularly in the 15 disaster prone districts of Malawi (Nsanje, Chikwawa, Phalombe, Zomba, Blantyre, Chiradzulu, Thyolo, Mulanje, Balaka, Machinga, Mangochi, Ntcheu, Salima, Rumphi and Karonga.
International Staff: 1
National Staff: 8
- IOM supported UNHCR through relocating a total of 1,798 Mozambican Asylum Seekers from Kapise village to Luwani Refugee Camp
- IOM provided Shelter Support through construction of 150 shelters reaching out to 591 Individuals. IOM also trained 87 community builders with build back better/safer principles
- IOM Provided Cash support to 150 households reaching out to 568 individuals.
- IOM Distributed agricultural starter packs to 150 households reaching out 822 individuals
- IOM provided WASH support by drilling 3 boreholes in Nsanje district serving 304 households; and construction of 50 blocks of communal latrines in Chikwawa and Nsanje districts to serve 507 households.
- IOM trained 921 representatives of government officials and partner organizations on Camp Coordination and Camp Management.
- IOM assisted 150 households in its early recovery interventions (Shelter support; WASH; and Livelihood support) in 4 worst affected districts of Nsanje, Chikwawa, Phalombe and Zomba.
- IOM supported UNHCR through relocating a total of 1,798 Mozambican Asylum Seekers from 15 April to 30 June 2016 who had expressed willingness to voluntarily relocate to Luwani Refugee Camp.
Supporting the Government of Malawi (GoM) in establishing a comprehensive system to collect and disseminate data on Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Malawi through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) systemAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To support the GoM through the implementation of Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) tool to collect and analyse data related to IDP figures and needs.Beneficiaries:IDPs
Facilitating the Recovery of IDPs through Shelter ProvisionAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To provide Shelter support to 800 households through the construction of shelters.Beneficiaries:800 households
Transport Assistance for Affected Populations
Repatriation of Mozambican People of ConcernAmount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To repatriate people of Concern from Luwani Refugee Camp to their respective places of origin in Mozambique.Beneficiaries:3,500 PoC
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Facilitating the Recovery of IDPs through WASH SupportAmount Requested: USD 100,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute to improved longer term health conditions in communities of return and relocation.Beneficiaries:800 households