Since the outbreak of the Syrian conflict in 2011, Syrian refugees continue to seek protection in Jordan. As of January 2017, 655,167 Syrian refugees were registered by UNHCR in Jordan. Although the situation inside Syria remains critical, the admission of Syrians into the country has decreased since the end of 2014, with a total closure of the border in mid-2016. Currently, an estimated 75,000 Syrians are settled informally at the border between Syria and Jordan, in what is known as the berm, with limited access to basic needs and health assistance. Due to security and access constraints, both government and humanitarian agencies have difficulties to reach this population. Approximately 78 per cent of the refugee population reside outside the three established refugee camps Za’atari, Azraq and the Emirates-Jordanian Camp, adding pressure to natural resources income generating activities and basic services.
Following the London conference organized in February 2016, the Jordan Compact was adopted, marking the government-led transition towards resilience. In April 2016, the Jordanian government announced that 200,000 work permits will be granted to Syrian refugees residing in the country, taking into consideration the economic measures that need to be adopted to create jobs for both Jordanians and Syrians. Therefore, new and innovative solutions are needed to address the new context, while addressing the protection risks associated to the inclusion of Syrians in the labor market, such as smuggling, trafficking and exploitation. Simultaneously, absorbing the Syrian labor force into the job market might affect migrant workers of various nationalities.
In 2017, IOM will continue to support humanitarian border management, distribute non-food items and other life-saving items to Syrian people accumulated at the borders, in camps or in urban settlements to complement the assistance delivered by other humanitarian partners. IOM will also continue to provide transportation for family reunification among three main camps as needed, while a school transportation program will address the needs of children commuting to schools inside Azraq camp. Finally, IOM will support the Jordanian Ministry of Health in implementing National and ad hoc vaccination campaigns, and contribute to the inclusion of Syrians in the labor market.
IOM is an active member of the protection, health and livelihoods sectorial working groups. IOM is also part of the United Nations Country Team, the Inter Agency Task Force, the Border Group, the Cross Border Task Force and the United Nations Humanitarian Country team. Furthermore, IOM contributes to non-food item and food security sectorial working groups and will be attending the education working group within Azraq camp in order to coordinate with partners as part of the school transportation project.
Note: the projects below are in line with the Jordan Response Plan (JRP) 2016-2018, and the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) 2017-2018 https://www.syrianrefugeeresponse.org/ developed by the Humanitarian Country Team and the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MOPIC), and detailed in the Syria Crisis IOM Appeal 2017. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 712,817 Syrian refugees (637,531) and host communities (75,286), and 300 Jordanian authorities
Contact Information: Mr Enrico Ponziani, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org. Ms. Laila Tomeh, Senior Emergency Coordinator, email@example.com. Website: jordan.iom.int
IOM Offices: Country Office: Amman; Sub-Offices: Amman, Azraq and Rwaished
International Staff: 65
National Staff: 411
- 27,206 Syrian refugees were transported in a safe and humane way from the borders to the camps. IOM was present at the borders and has guaranteed the adequate reception and pre-registration of refugees.
- 14,600 Syrian children under 15 were vaccinated against polio, and 14,023 against polio upon arrival to Jordan. The Ministry of Health was supported by IOM in various vaccination campaigns targeting the population stranded at the borders and in the vaccination national program in Zaatari camp.
- 283,200 refugees and members of host communities received awareness raising sessions on tuberculosis, and approximately 2,700 were screened and included in the following-up program. Out of those, 58 tuberculosis cases among Syrian refugees and 69 tuberculosis cases among migrants were detected and provided with treatment in 2016.
- 352 border guards were trained on Humanitarian Border Management, which helped them in responding and addressing the humanitarian concerns which arose at the border in light of the presence of approximately 75,000 Syrians at the berm.
- 27 awareness raising sessions on the prevention of human trafficking were organized, benefiting 209 Syrian refugees inside Azraq and Za’atari camps and 1,119 Jordanian students in areas with high refugee affluence.
- Approximately 75,000 Syrians received multiple forms of assistance and benefited from IOM’s humanitarian operations at the northern-eastern border area (berm), including hot meals, bread and much-needed NFIs.
The Border Group
Building the Jordanian Governmental Capacity in Responding to Emergencies and Managing Migration Flows (2017-2018)Amount Requested: USD 5,650,000 Amount Received: USD 6,619,476Objective:To improve the Jordanian Government preparedness in responding to cross border migration flows through targeted infrastructural support and capacity building.Beneficiaries:200 officers from various Jordanian Government Authorities