Due to its position over major tectonic faults as well as being situated within the "Hurricane Alley", Haiti is exposed to extreme weather conditions and frequent natural disasters. In January 2010 a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti with an epicenter about 15 km southwest of the capital, Port-au-Prince. As a consequence of this disaster, an estimated 230,000 people died and 300,000 were injured, with more than 105,000 houses destroyed and over 208,000 damaged. As a direct consequence of the 2010 earthquake, 46,691 people remain displaced within 31 camps throughout the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area (DTM Dec 2016). The camps continue to require sustained humanitarian assistance to meet basic needs in terms of health, sanitation, disease prevention, violence and exploitation and disaster impacts. Above all, displaced individuals are in need of durable solutions to their displacement. Consequently, the strategic challenge for 2017 would be to either relocate and reintegrate IDPs or formalize camp structures IOM will hence continue its activities started in 2013 such as monitoring the remaining camps, assisting the relocation and local integration of camps in the neighborhoods.
Most recently, Hurricane Matthew struck on October 4th 2016. It was the first Category 4 hurricane to hit the country in the past 52 years with winds up to 150 mph (240 km/h), barreling through the departments of Grand Anse, South and Nippes and causing major damage to agricultural crops, homes, schools and other infrastructures. Following the hurricane, the Haitian Ministry of Interior estimated that 175,000 people were forced to evacuate into 307 shelters (including at least 86 schools). In sum, an estimated 2.1 million people were affected by the hurricane of which 1.4 million people still require humanitarian assistance (OCHA). Hurricane Matthew resulted in the largest humanitarian crisis in Haiti since the 2010 earthquake at a time when the country is already facing an increase in the number of cholera cases, and severe food insecurity and malnutrition due to continued political instability, widespread poverty and dysfunctional social services.
To address the needs in disaster risk management and in order to promote community resilience following natural disasters, IOM will continue to strengthen the capacity of the national and departmental disaster response authorities as well as support the storage and distribution of NFIs. Due to Haiti's vulnerability to waterborne diseases, IOM aims to increase access to potable water and promote improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices and thus reduce the prevalence of waterborne diseases. Since 16 June 2015, Haiti has also been facing a major protection crisis with the influx of 160,452 returnees of Haitian descent (Border Monitoring Sitrep LXXV, December 2016) that are expelled from the Dominican Republic after they failed to regularize their status. This bi-national issue is likely to affect an estimated 120,000 individuals in 2017. IOM Haiti will continue monitoring the border and provide relevant information regarding the various issues (Protection, Trafficking) directly linked to this crisis. IOM will continue to work closely with the Government of Haiti (GoH) as well as key humanitarian partners (UNCT, HCT, Cluster partners, international/national NGOs) to support the implementation of its projects.
Note: the projects below are in line with the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (January-December 2017) developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 825,271 individuals
Contact Information: Mr. Fabien Sambussy, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel: +509-3792-7169
IOM Offices: Country Office: Port-au-Prince, Haiti; Sub-Offices: Ouanaminthe, Jeremie, Les Cayes
International Staff: 25
National Staff: 316
- IOM supports the Brazil Visa Application Center (BVAC). The center is dedicated to support Haitian citizens applying for special humanitarian permanent resident visas. As of December 31, 2016 IOM has received a total of 28,317 applications.
- A total of 23,863 Internally Displaced Persons have been assisted though relocation and support assistance (including but not limited to health/psychosocial and livelihood assistance).
- Following Hurricane Matthew, IOM rolled out the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to identify the needs of the affected population. As of 15 December 2016, IOM has conducted registration for 76 emergency shelters.
- Following Hurricane Matthew, a total of 72,827 households have received assistance through the IOM-managed non-food items (NFI) common pipeline.IOM health has supported the Haitian Minister of Health on cholera response by the deploying 6 mobiles teams, supporting management of 7,000 patients in 50 Cholera health facilities and training of 600 medical and non-medical staffs in Artibonite, West and South-East Departments.