Due to its position over major tectonic faults as well as being situated within the "Hurricane Alley", Haiti is exposed to extreme weather conditions and frequent natural disasters.
The country also continues to experiences insecurity, overpopulation, widespread poverty, enormous economic inequalities, risk of epidemics (cholera), and has a dysfunctional health system, lack of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructures, chronic food insecurity, and high environmental degradation. A widespread lack of resources has resulted in insufficient capacity at the institutional level to protect and assist the population before, during and after natural disasters and address long-term climate change adaptation needs. Combined, all of these factors render the country particularly vulnerable to the shocks of natural disasters.
More than seven years after the 2010 earthquake, 37,867 persons still live in 27 open sites throughout the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area (Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), June 2017).
On 4 October 2016, Hurricane Matthew left Haiti in the largest humanitarian crisis since the 2010 earthquake. As per the October 2017 DTM report, approximately 600 households remain displaced in 36 evacuation centers and camp-like settlements.
Since June 2015, Haiti has faced a major protection crisis with the influx of 229,885 returnees of Haitian descent (IOM Haiti Border Monitoring Sitrep, 28 September 2017), as a consequence of the bi-national crisis which started in 2013 when the Government of the Dominican Republic passed a Decree concerning the National Plan to Regularize Foreigners.
In 2018, IOM Haiti’s Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) and DTM activities aim to end displacement, provide a durable solution to IDP households from 2010 through land tenure security, improve existing infrastructures and access to basic services, and provide access to durable solutions to the remaining IDPs while ensuring their access to basic services and protection in the metropolitan area and la Région des Palmes.
To face the bi-national crisis, IOM Haiti’s Protection Unit will ensure the protection of highly vulnerable Haitian returnees by providing humanitarian partners with accurate and timely information, strengthening the protection referral mechanism for vulnerable migrants at the four official Border Crossing Points and ensuring the safe and timely referral of vulnerable cases, and ensure that irregular and vulnerable returning migrants receive live saving, emergency protection assistance upon arrival in Haiti.
In 2017, the Mission will continue capacity-building activities and non-food items (NFIs) distribution in close collaboration with the authorities, provide access to durable housing solutions to the remaining displaced families from Hurricane Matthew, and support the rapid NFI response anywhere in the country and for a maximum of 40,000 family beneficiaries during the 2018 Hurricane Season.
The proposed activities are designed in line with the Government’s response strategy and build upon IOM’s on going activities in areas affected by Hurricane Matthew. As such, IOM will work closely with government and local partners. IOM is the co-lead of the shelter/NFI working group.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 221,479 IDPs and returnees
Contact Information: Contact Contact the Donor Relations Division Tel: +41.22.717.9111
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Amount Requested: USD 13,695,035 Amount Received: USD 0
Amount Requested: USD 2,723,818 Amount Received: USD 0
Shelter and Non-food items
Amount Requested: USD 39,016,907 Amount Received: USD 0