Due to its position over major tectonic faults as well as being situated within the "Hurricane Alley", Haiti is exposed to extreme weather conditions and frequent natural disasters. In January 2010 a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti with an epicenter about 15 km southwest of the capital, Port-au-Prince. As a consequence of this disaster, an estimated 230,000 people died and 300,000 were injured, with more than 105,000 houses destroyed and over 208,000 damaged. As a direct consequence of the 2010 earthquake, 46,691 people remain displaced within 31 camps throughout the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area (DTM Dec 2016). The camps continue to require sustained humanitarian assistance to meet basic needs in terms of health, sanitation, disease prevention, violence and exploitation and disaster impacts. Above all, displaced individuals are in need of durable solutions to their displacement. Consequently, the strategic challenge for 2017 would be to either relocate and reintegrate IDPs or formalize camp structures IOM will hence continue its activities started in 2013 such as monitoring the remaining camps, assisting the relocation and local integration of camps in the neighborhoods.
Most recently, Hurricane Matthew struck on October 4th 2016. It was the first Category 4 hurricane to hit the country in the past 52 years with winds up to 150 mph (240 km/h), barreling through the departments of Grand Anse, South and Nippes and causing major damage to agricultural crops, homes, schools and other infrastructures. Following the hurricane, the Haitian Ministry of Interior estimated that 175,000 people were forced to evacuate into 307 shelters (including at least 86 schools). In sum, an estimated 2.1 million people were affected by the hurricane of which 1.4 million people still require humanitarian assistance (OCHA). Hurricane Matthew resulted in the largest humanitarian crisis in Haiti since the 2010 earthquake at a time when the country is already facing an increase in the number of cholera cases, and severe food insecurity and malnutrition due to continued political instability, widespread poverty and dysfunctional social services.
To address the needs in disaster risk management and in order to promote community resilience following natural disasters, IOM will continue to strengthen the capacity of the national and departmental disaster response authorities as well as support the storage and distribution of NFIs. Due to Haiti's vulnerability to waterborne diseases, IOM aims to increase access to potable water and promote improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices and thus reduce the prevalence of waterborne diseases. Since 16 June 2015, Haiti has also been facing a major protection crisis with the influx of 160,452 returnees of Haitian descent (Border Monitoring Sitrep LXXV, December 2016) that are expelled from the Dominican Republic after they failed to regularize their status. This bi-national issue is likely to affect an estimated 120,000 individuals in 2017. IOM Haiti will continue monitoring the border and provide relevant information regarding the various issues (Protection, Trafficking) directly linked to this crisis. IOM will continue to work closely with the Government of Haiti (GoH) as well as key humanitarian partners (UNCT, HCT, Cluster partners, international/national NGOs) to support the implementation of its projects.
Note: the projects below are in line with the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (January-December 2017) developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 825,271 individuals
Contact Information: Mr. Fabien Sambussy, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel: +509-3792-7169
IOM Offices: Country Office: Port-au-Prince, Haiti; Sub-Offices: Ouanaminthe, Jeremie, Les Cayes
International Staff: 25
National Staff: 316
- IOM supports the Brazil Visa Application Center (BVAC). The center is dedicated to support Haitian citizens applying for special humanitarian permanent resident visas. As of December 31, 2016 IOM has received a total of 28,317 applications.
- A total of 23,863 Internally Displaced Persons have been assisted though relocation and support assistance (including but not limited to health/psychosocial and livelihood assistance).
- Following Hurricane Matthew, IOM rolled out the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to identify the needs of the affected population. As of 15 December 2016, IOM has conducted registration for 76 emergency shelters.
- Following Hurricane Matthew, a total of 72,827 households have received assistance through the IOM-managed non-food items (NFI) common pipeline.IOM health has supported the Haitian Minister of Health on cholera response by the deploying 6 mobiles teams, supporting management of 7,000 patients in 50 Cholera health facilities and training of 600 medical and non-medical staffs in Artibonite, West and South-East Departments.
Shelter and Non-food items
Humanitarian Response Plan: Promote early recovery through the provision of durable shelter solutions for the most vulnerable individuals affected by Hurricane MatthewAmount Requested: USD 17,756,000 Amount Received: USD 1,600,854Objective:The overall objective aims to promote early recovery through the provision of durable shelter solutions to avoid prolonged and chronic displacement of populations affected by Hurricane Matthew. IOM maintains strong links with Direction de la Protection Civile (DPC), the Unité de construction de logements et bâtiments publics (UCLBP), the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of Interior and local authorities in the targeted areas. As such, the proposed activities are designed in line with the Government’s response strategy and build upon IOM’s ongoing activities in the Grand Anse and South Department. IOM’s activities aim to provide timely and lifesaving assistance to those affected by Hurricane Matthew. This includes: (1) Support early recovery through the coordination of the Shelter Working Group Coordination, (2) Procurement of NFI kits for Common Shelter and NFI pipeline, (3) Procurement of Shelter Repair Kits for Common Shelter and NFI pipeline, (4) Support l'Unité de Construction de Logements et de Bâtiments publics (UCLBP), and (5) Deployment of an Emergency Mobile NFI Distribution Team.Beneficiaries:120,000 individuals
Humanitarian Response Plan: NFI Pre-Positioning & Capacity Building for Strengthened Emergency Response CapacitiesAmount Requested: USD 2,700,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project will reinforce Haitian institutions capacity to respond in the event of a natural disaster during the 2017 hurricane season and contribute to effective delivery of disaster response by national actors. Activities include training for national stakeholders, rehabilitation of key evacuation shelters and establishment of management, logistical support to preposition relief commodities.Beneficiaries:50,000 national partners
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Humanitarian Response Plan: Ensure the provision of basic services for internally displaced persons living in camps while focusing on their sustainable returnAmount Requested: USD 7,270,650 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide access to durable solutions to the remaining IDPs while ensuring their access to basic services and protection. This includes: (1) Camp Closure and Decommissioning, (2) Camp Management & Coordination, and (3) Protection of the most vulnerable IDPs, including unaccompanied minors, SGBV survivors, elderly persons, Victims of Trafficking (VOTs), persons with disabilities, etc.Beneficiaries:38,000 IDPs
Humanitarian Response Plan: To ensure the integration of IDP camps Saint Etienne I and II through land tenure legalization and infrastructure improvementsAmount Requested: USD 3,256,810 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project aims to resolve the displacement of IDPs in camps Saint Etienne I and II by promoting durable solutions including through the provision of land tenure security and improving existing infrastructures and access to basic services.Beneficiaries:1,200 IDPs
Humanitarian Response Plan: Provide assistance to the population affected by hurricane Matthew by providing timely and accurate information through the Diplacement Tracking Mechanism (DTM)Amount Requested: USD 1,492,513 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The overall objective of the project is to ensure the provision of services to households most affected by the aftermath of hurricane Matthew by providing timely and accurate information on the most affected population living in evacuation shelters and affected communes. This includes: (1) continuous Assessment of Emergency Evacuation Shelters, (2) Movement and displacement monitoring, and (3) registration in localities: Building Inventory and Household/Individual Registration.Beneficiaries:63,764 vulnerable individuals
Humanitarian Response Plan: Support the multi-sectorial response to displaced population in Haiti through a reinforced CCCM CoordinationAmount Requested: USD 1,128,259 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To Ensure a coordinated response and access to basic services available to the IDPs remaining from the 2010 earthquake and the newly displaced population following Hurricane Matthew. Activities will include: (1) Monitoring of the humanitarian situation in displacement sites and camps in the West, South and Grande Anse Departments, (2) monitor, assess, and improve services at IDP camps and displacement sites where necessary, and advocate for respecting the safe, voluntary return of displaced population, (3) Strengthen links between IDPs and service providers, and (4) continue to engage with DPC Camp Managers and partners, compile and share, a list of vulnerable cases for support and assistance with health and psychosocial support partners, and work with local stakeholders towards effective camp/site closures where possible.Beneficiaries:230,107 IDPs and vulnerable individuals
Humanitarian Response Plan: Enhance health response through rapid response to cholera alerts and outbreaks and household water treatment in most affected Departments (Grand-Anse, South, South-East, West and Center)Amount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To provide early and timely response to Cholera outbreaks and support cholera management at institutional and community level to reduce morbidity and mortality related to cholera by improving access to safe drinking water for vulnerable population living in these affected departments. This includes: providing detection and treatment of suspected cases, supporting health centres, as well as support the distribution of medical and non-medical supplies and conducting refresher-training, and carry out sensitization campaigns.Beneficiaries:5,000 patients and 250,000 individuals
Humanitarian Response Plan: Border monitoring and protection of highly vulnerable Haitian or their descendants on the Hispaniola Island through capacity building for migration management and migrantAmount Requested: USD 1,473,818 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The overall objective of the project is to ensure the protection of highly vulnerable Haitian returnees by providing humanitarian partners with accurate and timely information, ensuring the safe and timely referral of vulnerable cases, and ensure that irregular and vulnerable returning migrants receive live saving, emergency protection assistance upon arrival in Haiti. This includes: border monitoring, referral mechanisms for vulnerable migrants, case registration, documentation and referral, and early warning system.Beneficiaries:57,200 vulnerable migrants
Humanitarian Response Plan: Protecting Victimes of Trafficking in Hurricane Matthew Devastated AreasAmount Requested: USD 700,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project will contribute to improve the overall protection of affected population by preventing trafficking in persons and irregular migration. The proposed action aims to contribute to improving the overall protection of affected population by preventing trafficking in persons (TiP) and irregular migration. The action includes the following three components: (1) Provision of protection assistance to identified cases of trafficking in persons TiP, (2) sensitization/awareness raising campaign on TiP, and (3) strengthen the capacity of national/community based organizations to identify and refer victims of trafficking.Beneficiaries:15,000 victims of trafficking and vulnerable populations