Federated States of Micronesia
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is composed of more than 600 islands located in the north Pacific. Due to the remote location of the country and region, access to disaster affected populations is limited and logistically difficult.
The FSM has been subjected to typhoons and super typhoons. Out of FSM’s four states (Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk and Yap), the two most western states, Chuuk and Yap, are the most at risk and have a recent history of super typhoons (Typhoon Maysak). Despite plentiful rainfall (Pohnpei is one of the wettest places on Earth), drought conditions do occur periodically throughout FSM, especially when the El Niño condition moves into the Western Pacific. At these times in the past, groundwater supplies have dwindled to an emergency state, with a major drought disaster declaration in 1998 and emergency declarations in 2007.
In response, IOM implements the Disaster Preparedness for Effective Response Program (PREPARE) which works closely with Governmental counterparts with the common goal to increase the resilience of FSM. This is done by enhancing national and local capacities for disaster preparedness, response and recovery, through capacity and resources building, ultimately mitigating the effects of current and future natural disasters.
Finally, IOM works closely with partners to implement the Climate Adaptation Disaster Risk Reduction and Education Program (CADRE +) which offers critical support to communities at-risk. Using IOMs expertise in climate change adaptation and disaster preparedness the project supports sustainable solutions for resiliency in vulnerable schools and communities through community based initiatives and education in the school. The program also supports the national government and PREPARE program efforts by facilitating the establishment of disaster committees outer islands community.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: Approximately 120,000
Contact Information: Mr. Stuart Simpson, Chief of Mission for the Federate States of Micronesia, Republic of Marshall Islands and Republic of Palau, (firstname.lastname@example.org)
IOM Offices: Country Office: Pohnpei; Sub-office: Kosrae, Chuuk, Yap, Ulithi
International Staff: 80
National Staff: 120
- 453 permanent shelters reconstructed (6,820 benefitted) in Chuuk and Yap as part of Typhoon Maysak Response.
- Development of Voucher Program (cash transfer voucher) benefiting 6,313 beneficiaries and dispersing over 2.5 million USD , as part of Typhoon Maysak Response.
- Community Profiles for municipalities; Using IOM’s DTM tool, IOM Micronesia has aggregated baseline information on most communities in FSM. The information is updated every year and can be used for project development, as well as to measure change due within each community. (estimated 120,000 population)
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Enhancing Community Based Climate Change and Disaster ManagementAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Through participatory and culturally appropriate decision making support to community members and leaders in emergency evacuation shelter operations management and establishment of disaster committees, inclusive of the essentials of humanitarian assistance training and basic first aid and CPR.Beneficiaries:Target 20 communities
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Monitoring and Enhancing Water QualityAmount Requested: USD 250,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To hold trainings on the use of Reverse Osmosis Units (RO Units) in FSM, expand on Government efforts to monitor water quality and implement sustainable forms of water purification.Beneficiaries:Training of 20 individuals on RO Units and water quality and purification
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Rainwater Harvesting Improvement and Capacity BuildingAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The objective is to improve rainwater harvesting systems in vulnerable atolls to help meet immediate and long-term water-related needs in FSM, particularly in outer islands. The project will make use of a tested community-based approach to the rainwater system improvements which involves education and capacity building.Beneficiaries:Target is 5,000 beneficiaries on vulnerable Atolls in FSM