Ethiopia


Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$28,774,912
Total Funded:
$1,060,445
Percentage Funded:
4%

Without having fully recovered from the effects of the severe and widespread drought of 2015/2016 that left over 10.2 million people food insecure and 667,400 internally displaced, Ethiopia is again experiencing extreme drought in large parts of the South Eastern and Southern parts of the country. According to the Humanitarian Requirement Document (HRD) prepared for 2017 jointly by the Government of Ethiopia with the support of humanitarian partners stipulates that at least 5.6 million people will require immediate lifesaving humanitarian assistance that will cost at least $ 948 million. The HRD also outlines that at least an additional 350,000 people will be newly displaced due to the drought currently developing on top of the existing 326,649 IDPs verified as still in displacement according to the round two September/October 2016 IOM DTM. In addition, Ethiopia remains one of the largest refugee hosting countries. As of December 2016, Ethiopia was hosting 325,645 (56.1% female and 43.9% male) South Sudanese refugees. The South Sudanese 2017 Regional Response Plan anticipates the arrival of an additional 75,000 to 125,000 South Sudanese refugees will arrive in the Gambella region of Ethiopia. Due to the worsening drought situation in the region, an additional 100,000 Somali refugees are expected to flee to the refugee camps in Dollo Ado, where more than 4,000 have already arrived, on top of over 200,000 refugee settled since 2011. Finally, Ethiopia continues to be a major source country for irregular migrants. Despite the ongoing conflict in Yemen, Ethiopian migrants continue to travel into Djibouti in an attempt to cross the Gulf of Aden to Yemen and on to the Gulf countries, primarily in search of better economic opportunities. Evacuation of migrants including post-arrival assistance is expected to continue as Ethiopians find themselves stranded in Yemen or Djibouti.

In 2017, IOM will continue to roll out DTM every two month, as outlined in the HRD, and publish humanitarian needs and situation reports at the end of every round. These reports will be shared with humanitarian actors, donors, developmental actors and government counterparts to better inform and coordinate responses. In addition, as cluster lead agency IOM will continue to coordinate the Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items response to IDPs in collaboration with NDRMC and humanitarian partners. IOM will also support IDPs through procurement, prepositioning, distribution and post distribution monitoring of ES/NFI through its seven sub-offices in the country. IOM supports the coordination mechanisms on durable solutions for protracted IDPs, particularly in the Somali region of Ethiopia where the majority of IDPs are found. IOM is also contributing to the IDP Working Group, established under the Protection Cluster, to continue to advocate on short to long term needs of IDPs in the country.  In the context of refugee response, IOM joins the RRRP on South Sudanese refugees at regional level, where the role of IOM Ethiopia is highlighted in several sectors including emergency evacuation and in-ward transportation, including pre-departure medical screening (PDMS), provision of transitional shelters and livelihood promotion and diversification targeting both refugees and host communities. IOM supports and contributes to the national, regional and camp level refugee taskforce and specific sectoral working groups including shelter and livelihood. In response to the humanitarian crisis in Yemen, IOM will continue to provide assistance to vulnerable Ethiopian migrants that are evacuated or returning, including through post-arrival assistance and reintegration support. Moreover, IOM aims to continue and scale up prevention activities such as awareness raising campaigns and behavioral change communication interventions.

IOM continues to deliver its humanitarian assistance to drought affected and displaced persons through the existing national coordination mechanisms such as 1) Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group (DRMTWG)- the highest coordination mechanisms for humanitarian response in the country that brings together Government, UN Agencies, Donors and I/NGOs; 2) Ethiopian Humanitarian Country Team (EHCT)- the humanitarian country team led by the Resident Coordinator for the coordination of humanitarian partners in the country; 3) Inter Cluster Coordination Mechanism (ICCM)- Inter-sectoral coordination forum for cluster led agencies which is chaired by UNOCHA; 4) Shelter and Non Food Items Cluster (ES/NFI)- IOM co-chairs with the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) of the Government of Ethiopia as well as 5) Refugee Taskforce (RTF)- coordination forum for assistance to refugees which is chaired by UNHCR and Administration for Refugees and returnees Affair (ARRA).

In the framework of the Yemen evacuation operation, in addition to IOM missions located in Djibouti and Yemen, IOM closely coordinates with the Government of Ethiopia, in particular the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Health, the Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs as well as Ethiopian diplomatic missions. To provide rehabilitation and special care for victims of trafficking and other vulnerable migrants, IOM partners with local NGOs, such as AGAR, AWSAD, GSA, and OPRIFS, among others. IOM also works closely with the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs as well as UNICEF to conduct Family Tracing and Reunification for UMC.

Note: the projects below are in line with the Humanitarian Requirement Document of 2017 developed by the Government of Ethiopia through the NDRMC and the National Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy as well as the DRM and Climate Change Adaptation Pillars of the UNDAF (2016-2020) to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 765,435, including 676,649 IDPs, 75,000 South Sudanese refugees, 3,000 evacuees from Yemen and vulnerable stranded irregular migrants, and 10,000 beneficiaries with reintegration assistance and to reach out to additional 786 communities


Contact Information: Ms. Maureen Achieng, Chief of Mission and Representative to ECA, AU and IGAD (machieng@iom.int); Paolo Caputo, Head of Programmes (pcaputo@iom.int)  


IOM Offices: IOM Ethiopia, Special Liaison Office in Addis Ababa; Sub-Offices: (Jijiga, Dollo Ado, Moyale, Gambella, Assossa, Shire and Semera); Emergency Migration Response Centres (Semera and Metemma); Transit Centres (for 1) refugee resettlement and 2) Ethiopian returnees).


International Staff: 22


National Staff: 258


Achievements 2016:

  • IOM assessed a total of 53 zones and 230 woredas and recorded 493,036 (51% female and 49% male) displaced individuals/90,309 Households hosted in 7 regions (Afar, Gambella, Harari, Oromia, Somali, Amhara and Tigray).
  • IOM assisted 91,471 individuals/ 16,128 HHS with emergency shelter and non-food item and 10,972 girls and women with dignity/sanitary kits.
  • A formal agreement with the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) to roll out Protection Enhanced DTM was reached, on 22nd August 2016. Following this, IOM conducted DTM in 9 regions, 53 zones and 230 woredas and assessed the displacement situation, multi-sectorial needs and protection risks of 493,036 individuals / 90,309 households.
  • IOM assisted 91,471 individuals/ 16,128 HHS with emergency shelter and non-food item and 10,972 girls and women with dignity/sanitary kits.
  • 55,679 South Sudanese refugees, and xx Somali refugees were transported/relocated to designated camps in Gambella and Somali region.
  • IOM provided 1,416 transitional shelters and 400 emergency shelters to 9080 South Sudanese refugees. 
  • 5,747 South Sudanese (5,417) and Somali (330) refugees and 2400 host community individuals in both Gambella and Somali regions were also supported through livelihood assistance such as home gardening, income generating activities, fishery, beekeeping and poultry.
Total Requested:
$28,774,912
Total Funded:
$1,060,445
Percentage Funded:
4%

  Multi-Sector

  • Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Transportation, Shelter and Livelihood Assistance for the anticipated 100,000 new arrival Somali Refugees in Dollo Ado camp and Transition/Recovery and durable solution support
    Amount Requested: USD 14,666,667 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Safe lives and recover from shocks for refugees and IDPs in Ethiopia by providing (1) safe and culturally appropriate transitional shelter to refugees, (2) safe and humane transportation and border evacuation, (3) alternative livelihood and income generation opportunities for refugees and host communities, and (4) support the government of Ethiopia and its humanitarian partner address protracted displacements through provision of durable solution: policy advocacy and development.
    Beneficiaries:
    100,000 Somali refugees, 10,000 host communities and 676,649 IDPs
  • South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan: Ethiopia
    Amount Requested: USD 8,108,245 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    IOM will require a total of $8,108,245 to support South Sudanese refugees across sectors including Protection ($123,456), Education ($456,789), Livelihoods ($2,028,000), Transportation ($2,250,000) and Shelter and NFI ($3,250,000). 

  Transport Assistance for Affected Populations

  • South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan: Providing Life Saving Transportation and Medical Assistance to Refugees from South Sudan in Gambella Regional State of Ethiopia
    Amount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    To enhance fitness for travel of new arrival South Sudanese refugees with medical conditions at Akobo border/entry point through timely screening, diagnosis, emergency care, medical escort, referral linkage and capacity building assistance. The refugees will be provided with emergency diagnosis, treatment and accelerated transportation and referral to health facilities while enhancing the capacities of health facilities at Akobo entry point, Matar and Nininyang and Gambella hospital through training to health workers and providing emergency medical equipment and supplies to be able to fully absorb the additional health care demands of the refugees referred. A total of 6,462 new arrivals identified as unfit for travel will be assisted to access health services through improved access and strengthened referral linkages with health facilities. The capacity of 63 health professionals and 3 health facilities will be enhanced with training, medical supplies and equipment to be able to efficiently provide emergency health care for new arrivals and host communities. 

  Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Item, DTM, Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Humanitarian Requirements Document: Protection and Life-Saving Assistance for Disaster-Affected Internally Displaced Persons in Ethiopia.
    Amount Requested: USD 4,500,000 Amount Received: USD 1,060,445
    Objective:
    Provide multi-sectorial information on IDP displacement situations and life-saving humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons in the country. The action will target a total of 676,649 IDPs of whom 326,649 are part of the protracted caseloads, and 350,000 are new cases anticipated to be displaced by 2017. A total of 10,000 most vulnerable IDPs households (55,000 individuals) are assisted through distribution of ES/NFIs and dignity kits. Referral mechanisms established/strengthened in collaboration with protection cluster and CP/GBV sub cluster to address protection needs of most vulnerable 2,884 IDPs. Community based DRR mechanisms in conflict prone areas are mapped and capacitated with early warning and conflict management practices targeting a total of 250 community leaders and representatives as a direct beneficiaries.
Total Requested:
$28,774,912
Total Funded:
$1,060,445
Percentage Funded:
4%
This appeal has been supported by

 

ECHO