El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras
The countries of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras currently face critical humanitarian issues that trigger both internal and external mobility. Lack of job opportunities, limited social services, Food insecurity due to protracted drought and pests, insecurity due to escalation of violence; and family disintegration produced by migration are challenging the Governments´ humanitarian assistance and development efforts.
At the same time, there is a large influx of returning migrants, many in vulnerable conditions. According to official Government data, over 216,000 migrants returned to the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) during 2016. 52,560 returning migrants were from El Salvador, 94,942 from Guatemala and 69,370 from Honduras. 63.9% of all migrants are returning from Mexico as a transit country and 36% from the United States. 182,816 are adults (84.3%) and 34,056 are children (15.7%). These figures show the important challenges related to the reintegration of returning migrants and the urgency of coordinated support to mitigate the chances of being again forced to migrate internally or externally.
IOM is working with host Governments and counterparts in the region to provide post-arrival humanitarian assistance and support the reintegration/integration of returning migrants; strengthen local Governments and organizations´ to build resilience capacities; improve human mobility information management; and reduce trafficking in persons.
IOM also participates in regional discussions on the impact of migration and its humanitarian effects through several regional bodies that act as coordination mechanisms on migration, development and security such as the Central American Commission of Migration Directors (OCAM), the Regional Conference on Migrations (CRM), the Central American Integration System (SICA), and the Organization of American States (OEA).
Our main partners in the region are host Governments, United Nations agencies with protection mandates (including UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, amongst others) and regional NGO’s working on displacement.
Note: the projects below are in line with the Strategic Plan for the IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) developed by the country teams in the NTCA for 2017-2021 focused on return and reintegration through short and medium term interventions by mitigating the humanitarian impact of large return.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 106,900 migrants, 20 agencies, 175 government officials
Contact Information: Mr. Jorge Peraza, Chief of Mission: email@example.com; Ms. Luz Tantaruna, Emergency and / or Stabilization and Transition Coordinator: firstname.lastname@example.org; Website: http://triangulonorteca.iom.int/
IOM Offices: Country Office: San Salvador, El Salvador. Sub-Offices: La Libertad, La Union Country Office: Guatemala City, Guatemala. Sub-Offices: San Marcos Country Office: Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Sub-Offices: San Pedro Sula
International Staff: 13
National Staff: 100
During 2016, IOM in the NTCA:
- Provided immediate post-arrival assistance to over 100,000 returning migrants in the NTCA.
- Strengthened information systems to register and identify protection needs of returning migrant population in each country.
- Trained over 100 Government officials on reception and attention to returning migrants and vulnerable populations with focus on human rights.
- 7 reception centers/shelters were upgraded/refurbished to improve humanitarian attention and protection services for returning migrants, emphasizing unaccompanied migrant children.
- Generated relevant information on migration, transit and internal displacement in the NTCA and disseminated to the relevant actors of the government and humanitarian and non-humanitarian actors.
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Northern Triangle Migration Information Initiative (NTMI)Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Strengthen the governments€™ capacity to collect, manage, analyze and share human mobility information to support humanitarian and programming for vulnerable populations in the Northern Triangle of Central America.Beneficiaries:Directly: Over 20 agencies and 9,000 migrants/potential migrants consulted. Indirectly: Returning migrant population.
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Effects of climate change on human mobility and vulnerable populations in the Northern Triangle of Central AmericaAmount Requested: USD 150,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support the incorporation in public policy related to climate change of human mobility and displacement by emergencies in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras (Also Nicaragua). Activities: Exploratory research, workshops and regional fora.Beneficiaries:Indirectly vulnerable population: Man, Women, children, adolescents, elderly, and others partially affected by the effects of climate change in the Northern Triangle of Central America.
Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Regional Program to Strengthen Capacities to Protect and Assist Vulnerable Migrants in Mesoamerica (Mesoamerica Program), Phase VIIAmount Requested: USD 250,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Capacity building, Prevention and outreach, Direct assistance, Regional coordination activities, Emergency migration management.Beneficiaries:175 Government officials
Return and Reintegration Assistance
Return and Reintegration in the Northern Triangle (RRP)Amount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Supporting national authorities towards improved/expanded capacity of in-processing and care of returning migrants; Expanding the range of Northern Triangle government-supported opportunities for returning migrants while contributing to provide high-quality services during the reintegration process at the local level; Contributing to enhanced institutional capacities to address root causes of irregular UAC emigration, alleviating negative push factors, strengthening prevention measures and upgrading infrastructure.Beneficiaries:Over 87,900 migrants