Egypt


Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$2,111,000
Total Funded:
$37,000
Percentage Funded:
2%

Six years into the armed conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic, the situation continues to deteriorate. 13.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria, including 6.3 million internally displaced (IDPs). Nearly 5 million people are living in hard to reach and or besieged areas. In addition over 4.8 million Syrians have taken refuge in the five neighboring countries Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. IOM and humanitarian partners continue to scale up services to meet the challenges posed by this protracted crisis with a particular emphasis on protection, provision of life-saving assistance, as well as early recovery and resilience support to displaced Syrian and host communities inside Syria and in the region.

In addition, irregular migration of Egyptians youth and unaccompanied migrant children (UMC) has increased significantly since 2011, making it ever more important to take serious steps to prevent irregular migration of this vulnerable group while reducing their vulnerabilities.[1] At the same time, Egyptian shores along the Mediterranean increasingly witness large scale fatalities from boat tragedies. Local capacities for rescue at sea operations and emergency medical care are however overburdened in such events. The Egyptian Network for Integrated Development has identified Behaira and nine other governorates in both Lower and Upper Egypt to be among the poorest in the country. Behaira in particular is estimated to have a 2 per cent annual decrease in people’s access to food, with 57 per cent of its roads being unpaved, 50 per cent of the population being illiterate, and less than 3 per cent of children having enrolled or graduated from secondary education.[5] Primary schools are available until completion of basic education, however, secondary schools are rare.

IOM Egypt has historically had a strong cooperation with the National Committee for Preventing Irregular Migration  (NCCPIM) and National Committee for Combatting Trafficking in Persons (NCCTiP), which combined in 2017 to form NCCPIM & TiP. Concurrently, IOM Egypt continues to contribute to the development of the child protection response from the National Committee for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) in reference to securing effective protection mechanisms for Unaccompanied Migrant Children (UMC) and Egyptian youth at risk of irregular migration. IOM’s Mission to Egypt ensures that all activities are in line with national government priorities to assist Egyptian as well as foreign migrants. Interventions are undertaken in close coordination with national counterparts, the UN country team and relevant national stakeholders.

Note: the projects below are in line with the 3RP Humanitarian Response Plan focusing on ‘Life-saving assistance and early recovery’, developed by the Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.

[1] Since 2011, Egypt holds the highest percentage of UMC among adult irregular migrants reaching Europe. In 2014, 2,007 (49%) of the 4,095 Egyptians arriving irregularly in Italy were unaccompanied children in comparison to only 28 per cent in 2011. This upward trend continued in

[5] ENID: A Profile of Poverty Across Egypt and Recommendations; RADCON: Report on Identifying Resource Poor Communities in Some Egyptian Governorates

Contact Information: Mr. Amr Taha, Head of Office, ataha@iom.int. Mr.  Andrea Dabizzi, Migrant Assistance Division Programme Manager adabizzi@iom.int. Website:  https://egypt.iom.int/ Tel: (+20) 0227365140   


IOM Offices: Country Office: Cairo; Sub-Offices: Aswan; Presence in North Coast


International Staff: 14


National Staff: 131


Achievements:

In 2016:

  • 3,279 hygiene and clothing kits in government holding facilities in all areas of Egypt
  • 5,100 Blankets/covert and 1,000 clothing kits for migrants outside of government holding facilities for winterization response
Total Requested:
$2,111,000
Total Funded:
$37,000
Percentage Funded:
2%
Syria Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan
Requested 0 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%

  Protection

  • Protection Egypt
    Amount Requested: USD 292,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Provide NFIs to detainees and where possible and required other services such as legal counseling, psychosocial and medical and humanitarian assistance to detainees (100 Refugees and other migrants), distribute dignity kits to SGBV survivors (500 Refugees and other migrants), assist CP Committees in responding to the specific protection needs of unaccompanied migrant children (UMCs) (4 Child Protection Committees), train government officials on the identification of and service provision to UMCs (100 Government Officials), assist in centralization and coordination of services (200 Refugees and other migrants), facilitate information sessions organized by community volunteers (400 Refugees and host communities), organize community events to introduce beneficiaries to service providers (1,000 Refugees and host communities), maintain and promote Bosla information web portal (6,000 Refugees and host communities), produce and disseminate information materials on service available (3,000 Refugees and host communities), support infrastructure regeneration in host communities that are of benefit of both refugees and host community members (2 Communities). 
    Beneficiaries:
    Syrian refugees, host communities, migrants, and government officials

  Livelihoods

  • Livelihoods Egypt
    Amount Requested: USD 437,000 Amount Received: USD 37,000
    Objective:
    Provide legal/administrative assistance to refugees to attain work permits and/or register businesses where interested (50 Syrian Refugees), provide startup funds to micro enterprises (15 Syrian Refugees), provide support to rejuvenate idle businesses (5 idle business), provide salary subsidies for six month for on-the-job training\apprenticeship (40 Syrian Refugees), joint trainings with Syrian and host community job-seekers and entrepreneurs to enhance skills while promoting social cohesion and mutual understanding (80 Refugees and host community), training and orientation sessions for employers on international and domestic labour law, best practices to promote retention of staff, and the benefits of employing Syrian refugees (15 Employers), train government officials on multicultural communication to support social cohesion (60 Government Officials), and design and implement targeted livelihoods interventions that meet the needs of both Syrian and host community (2 Refugees and host community). 
    Beneficiaries:
    Syrian refugees, host communities, employers, and government officials

  Health

  • Health Egypt
    Amount Requested: USD 382,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Refer to and cover the expenses of critical cases to necessary medical services for nonUNHCR cases and/or those referred by UNHCR (20 Refugees and other migrants), refer to and cover the expenses of PWDs to necessary medical services for non-UNHCR cases and/or those referred by UNHCR (5 Refugees and other migrants), work with relevant partners to conduct mobile health clinics to those Syrians that cannot access public health facilities (6,000 Syrians and 4,000 Egyptians), upgrade health facilities by provision of equipment, materials and medications (2 Facilities), train Syrian CHVs (30 Refugees and host community), facilitate awareness sessions conducted by CHVs (52 Refugees and host community), train Community health workers from host and other migrant communities (45 Refugees and host community), and conduct Health Days to raise the awareness on diseases and access to services and preventative measures (1,500 Refugees and host community).
    Beneficiaries:
    Refugees, migrants, nationals, and host communities
Migration Crisis Operational Frameworks
Requested 1,000,000 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%

  Multi-Sector

  • Response and Emergency Preparedness to provide Alternatives to Irregular Migration in Behaira Governorate (REPAIR)
    Amount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Health: (1) Provide training to NGOs and CSOs, medical professionals and management professionals on emergency response for rescue at sea, and (2) support the refurbishment of health and sanitation facilities for reception and emergency response in the Behaira governorate.  Protection:  Awareness raising on the risks of irregular migration will be facilitated in key strategic localities in the Behaira governorate and relevant surrounding areas.
    Beneficiaries:
    Total: 5,290. Ishrakat Amal Team: 10, Children and youth: 2,800, Students: 1,400, Medical professionals: 300, Emergency response managers: 240, CSOs and volunteers: 240, Migrants : 500, Families of irregular migrants lost at sea: 40
Total Requested:
$2,111,000
Total Funded:
$37,000
Percentage Funded:
2%
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