Protracted and severe droughts in the past two decades induced by climate change have led to a significant deterioration in living conditions of vulnerable Djiboutians, compounded by a climate that is already one of the harshest in the world. This has taken a toll on the population’s ability to cope, adapt, and generate sufficient household income, further eroding their already limited resilience. All regions across Djibouti have been affected by El Niño bentween the end of 2015 and middle of 2016. Yet, agro-pastoral livelihood areas in the North-West and South-East were the hardest hit. , As of November 2016, more than 159,000 people are estimated to be experiencing food insecurity due to the drought, including some 46 per cent of the total rural population of Djibouti. In addition, chronic stressors such as the lack of basic health care as well as water and sanitation services, limited provision of safety nets, high food prices and structural poverty, further exacerbate the humanitarian situation. The estimated number of individuals in need of humanitarian assistance in Djibouti and cross border communities as a result of El Niño is unclear. However, in February 2016, more than 3,000 Ethiopian migrants from the Somali region forcibly migrated to Goubetto area and Ali Sabieh district as a result of the severe drought. IOM along with FAO, UNICEF, WHO and WFP received support from CERF to assist these very vulnerable populations.
As of November 2016, Djibouti is hosting 24,265 registered refugees and asylum seekers from Somalia, Yemen, and Ethiopia. This number has recently increased due to the political tension and violence in Ethiopia. Djibouti receives daily around 400 irregular migrants from Ethiopia to Djibouti alone. Refugees and migrants have put additional pressure on scarce resources and hampered the overall access to livelihoods, water and sanitation as well as health services in the country.
The most critical protection needs for migrants are in the areas of food, WASH, transportation, documentation and shelter. There are instances where migrant women and children have to resort to begging, and are exposed to risk of exploitation and abuses, including trafficking. There is also a need to expand support to migrants along the entire migratory route as protection needs increase when stranded migrants reach Obock from Yemen. There is a need to monitor irregular migration influx in order to understand the extent of the flows and ensure to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants as well as victims of trafficking with assistance, including access to counselling about legal resources and to inform them about their rights. Extreme vulnerable groups such as unaccompanied migrant children (UMCs), children and caregivers in extreme vulnerability need immediate multi-sectoral protection. IOM continues to provide support in Djibouti through the IOM’s Migrant Response Centre (MRC) in Obock.
 IPC Analysis November 2016 based on latest FSMS of October 2016.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 34,750 migrants in need
Contact Information: Ms Lalini Veerassamy, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org.
IOM Offices: Country Office: DJibouti; Sub-Offices: Obock
International Staff: 1
National Staff: 22
- IOM assisted more than 5,000 stranded migrants in Obock and evacuated from Yemen with food, NFIs and medical support;
- Most of these migrants requested for IOM support under the Assisted Voluntary Program and were assisted;
- IOM assisted around 3,000 El Nino migrants from Ethiopia temporarily forcibly displaced in Goubetto region due to severe drought and with serious medical needs.
Assistance to drought-affected migrantsAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Assistance will be provided to address basic protection needs to migrants affected by induced displacement due to environmental changes such as the severe drought experienced in February 2016. Assistance includes improved, continuous and equitable access to safe water, adequate sanitation and basic hygiene ensured for the most vulnerable pastoralists displaced children and families.Beneficiaries:10,000
Increasing Protection and Humanitarian Assistance to Stranded Migrants in and transiting through DjiboutiAmount Requested: USD 5,375,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Assistance will be provided to address basic protection needs and provide protection services to migrants in transit (evacuated from Yemen and stranded in Obock), with a focus on victims of trafficking, sick migrants, women and unaccompanied migrant children. Assistance includes food, NFIs, health and psychosocial assistance, return and reintegration, shelter, transportation and consular assistance.Beneficiaries:5,000 migrants (2,500 women, 2,500 men), including 1,000 children and 250 elderly
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
WASH assistance to migrants throughout the migratory route in DjiboutiAmount Requested: USD 570,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The integrated WASH response component aims to cover the needs of 100 per cent of the projected migrants in 2017 which is estimated at 34,750?. All the migrants entering through Djibouti and Obock official ports and the irregular migrants from Ethiopia border post, in need of access to safe water and adequate sanitation, will be targeted through the following interventions: (i) Construction of additional water points, gender-segregated showers and toilets in the Migrant Response Centre in Obock and other key hotspots along the migratory route (e.g.,Youboki, Lac Assal); (ii) Daily provision of fresh water to all persons fleeing the war in Yemen and disembarking at Djibouti-city Port.Beneficiaries:3,4750 migrants, including 11,793 women and 22,957 men, of whom 3,202 children