Democratic Republic of Congo 2018
Armed conﬂict and general insecurity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has created one of the world’s most complex and long-standing humanitarian crises. Since 2016, the country has experienced an increase in armed conﬂict following the spike of violence in the Kasai and Tanganyika provinces and the continued armed clashes and attacks in North and South-Kivu. As a result, an estimated 4.5 million individuals are currently displaced - the highest number of any country on the African continent. In order to mobilize the necessary funds and capacities to address these rapidly increasing needs, a Level-3 Response for the crises in the Kasai, Tanganyika, and South Kivu was activated in October 2017 for a period of six months.
The humanitarian crisis is compounded by deepening levels of vulnerability such as malnutrition and food insecurity, and measles and cholera outbreaks, as well as the return of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). People forced into displacement and those returning to burnt villages face intense levels of vulnerability and are in urgent need of multi-sectoral assistance, particularity in the sectors of protection (gender-based violence -GBV), access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), shelters, education, food security and health services.
In 2018, humanitarian partners estimate that 13.1 million Congolese require humanitarian assistance and protection because of heightened violence in a number of OCHA identified hotspots across the country. Despite limited resources, IOM and other aid actors continue providing life-saving assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the province of North-Kivu while scaling up their operations in new areas, such as the Kasais, Tanganyika and Ituri. In the protection sector, IOM focuses its interventions on supporting referral mechanisms for survivors of GBV and other protection related needs, child protection, prevention and response to GBV, protection monitoring and the strengthening of protection committees in displacement sites and areas of return. Furthermore, the EVD outbreak in the Wangata, Bikoro and Iboko health zones in the Equateur Province remains a public health emergency. IOM is working closely with the Congolese Ministry of Health (MoH) and World Health Organization (WHO) to contain the outbreak and address the needs of affected communities. Close coordination with and support to the National Programme of Hygiene at Borders (PNHF) and other humanitarian partners aims to contain the outbreak and address the needs of affected communities.
In the Information Management sector, different components of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) are currently being implemented throughout Tanganyika province, in North-Kivu and in the five crisis-affected provinces in the Kasais to continue providing the humanitarian community with up-to-date and reliable information on the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations. Through the construction and rehabilitation of WASH infrastructure (including sanitary blocks comprised of latrines and showers) and waste management infrastructure, IOM will continue to respond to WASH needs in its coordinated displacement and spontaneous sites in North Kivu and Tanganyika and in areas of return. The broader political and security context contributes to a challenging operating environment for partners working to meet needs across the second largest country in Africa holding the largest displacement caseload.
IOM is co-leading the CCCM working group in North Kivu and is an active member of the shelter, NFI, WASH, and protection clusters. During these fora, IOM regularly shares data on displacement ﬂows and advocates for an appropriate response to the needs identiﬁed in the sites under its coordination. In Tanganyika, IOM plays a leading role and works in close collaboration with the provincial government and humanitarian actors to set up and strengthen the humanitarian response in the spontaneous displacement sites.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM Appeal DR Congo Humanitarian Crisis 2018 which is in line with the inter-agency DR Congo: 2017-2019 Humanitarian Response Plan - 2018 Update. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 4.1 million IDPs
Contact Information: Jean-Philippe Chauzy, Chief of Mission, http://www.drcongo.iom.int/
IOM Offices: Country Office: Kinshasa, Sub-Offices: Goma, Kalemie, Lubumbashi, Mbuji-Mayi, Bunia, Kananga, Bukavu. Other location where IOM carries out activities: Tshikapa
International Staff: 15
National Staff: 120
- Increased capacity of DRC and neighbouring countries to respond to the yellow fever and Ebola outbreaks based on participatory mobility mapping (PMM) assessment of disease transmission risks and health and non-health (immigration, custom, quarantine) structures and functional capacities.
- Population mobility data and priority sites for the public health risk done in Bas-Uele province. Information and data shared and used for Ebola outbreak response and prevention of yellow fever and other key infectious disease control.
- Primary information of mobility pathways and data on population flows including cross-border information in Bas-Uele were generated and priority sites for public health threads in particular EVD transmission were identified in Bas-Uele.
- 13 border posts (7 POEs along the border with Angola, 4 POEs along with Central African Republic, Kisangani and Kinshasa airports) and 80 PNHF staff were provided with trainings and on-site supervision and provision of necessary medical and operational equipment and risk communication assistance.
Shelter and NFIs:
- Approximately 8,000 vulnerable IDP households in displacement sites in North-Kivu and Tanganyika were provided with emergency shelter kits and technical guidance to construct emergency shelters to ensure protection from the elements and to reduce GBV risks.
- In 2017, and as a last resort service provider, IOM constructed 324 latrine blocks, 20 shower blocks and 40 rubbish pits in a total of 10 displacement sites and rehabilitated a water system network in one displacement site in North-Kivu.
- Protection activities were strengthened in the displacement sites in North-Kivu and were gradually extended to the spontaneous sites in Kalemie by the end of 2017. In North-Kivu, approximately 42,000 IDPs in 18 displacement sites were sensitized on protection issues and GBV, 205 survivors of GBV were assisted with targeted assistance (medical, psychosocial and /or economic support), 194 unaccompanied and separated children were reunited with their families through the Identification, Documentation, Tracing and Reunification (IDTR) process and 1,949 vulnerable children were provided with access to formal and informal education.
- In 2017, IOM extended its CCCM activities to 13 spontaneous displacement sites in Kalemie, Tanganyika province while maintaining its presence in the displacement sites in North-Kivu. Site management and coordination services reached approximately 50,000 IDPs in Tanganyika and 55,000 IDPs in North-Kivu.
- In 2017, IOM extended its DTM activities to Tanganyika and Kasai provinces (mobility tracking component) following violent clashes and ethnic conflicts which affected both regions. The implementation of the DTM in these two regions provided humanitarian actors with systematic and accurate information on displacement movements, the scale of the crisis and mobility-induced needs of affected populations.
Provision of life-saving primary health care to the vulnerable people affected by Kasai crisis in the Democratic Republic of the CongoAmount Requested: USD 10,000,000 Amount Received: USD 435,000Objective:IOM will provide life-saving health-care services for approximately 30,000 people through better-equipped health facilities and extended outreach and referral services to prevent against vector and water-borne diseases and provide timely care and support and improve malnutrition prevalence.Beneficiaries:200,000 people in Kamonia health zone in Kasai province including returnees, IDPs and host communities
Protection assistance for affected populations in displacement sites in Eastern DRCAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 1,162,048Objective:IOM will promote and contribute to a mapping and joint conflict analysis on areas of origin of IDPs in displacement sites both in North-Kivu and Tanganyika. IOM aims to conduct awareness raising sessions on GBV in its coordinated displacement sites through focus group discussions and mass sensitization campaigns as well as assist survivors of GBV with medical and psychosocial support and livelihood programs. IOM aims to identify children out of school and provide them with formal or informal school support or vocational training, in coordination with the Education cluster. In Ituri, North Kivu and Tanganyika, IOM will identify, in collaboration with relevant Congolese authorities, Unaccompanied and Separated Children (UASC) in displacement sites and reunite them with their families or caregivers, according to the guidelines set-out by the Protection cluster. IOM will reinforce the community-based protection networks in displacement sites in Ituri, North Kivu and Tanganyika. These protection networks will be able to identify survivors of GBV and trafficking and refer them to appropriate actors as well as provide psychosocial first aid. IOM will equally strengthen the national capacity on counter-trafficking by identifying available actors and build on their capacity, as well as conduct sensitization sessions on counter-trafficking in displacement sites throughout the Eastern DRC.Beneficiaries:100,000 IDPs in displacement sites in Ituri, North Kivu and Tanganyika
Provision of protection assistance to the vulnerable people affected by Kasai crisis in the Democratic Republic of the CongoAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 30,000Objective:IOM will provide necessary protection assistance with NFI items and GVB assistance to the affected populations in the Kasai including displaced persons, host communities and returnees.Beneficiaries:100,000 IDPs
Shelter and Non-food items
Emergency shelter and NFI assistance in Eastern DRCAmount Requested: USD 35,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,769,087Objective:In the provinces of North Kivu, Ituri and Tanganyika, IOM aims to contribute to the shelter cluster efforts, both in emergency displacement situations and in return areas. In order to improve the resilience and capacities of the displaced populations, IOM will provide emergency shelter kits, technical support and capacity-building trainings on how to best use materials, and how to improve, repair and maintain shelters. Conditional cash will be considered for some community targeted households living with host families.Beneficiaries:15,000 vulnerable IDP households and 4,500 households in return areas and host communities in North-Kivu, Tanganyika and Ituri provinces
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
WASH assistance for affected populations in displacement sites in Eastern DRCAmount Requested: USD 10,000,000 Amount Received: USD 316,025Objective:IOM intends to support/establish WASH committees in its displacement sites in North Kivu and Tanganyika. Mass sensitization campaigns on hygiene promotion and good practices; such as hand washing as well as focus groups will be organized on a regular basis in all displacement sites and will be coordinated with other relevant agencies and clusters to create synergies. Hygiene kits will be distributed to all sectoral IDP committees in sites and in host communities.Beneficiaries:100,000 IDPs approximately (North-Kivu and Tanganyika)
Provision of life-saving primary WASH services to the vulnerable people affected by Kasai crisis in the Democratic Republic of the CongoAmount Requested: USD 10,000,000 Amount Received: USD 435,000Objective:In the Kasai, IOM will also provide life-saving health-care and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and necessary protection assistance including provision of nutrition and gender-based violence (GBV) supports and distribution of essential household items to people affected by the Kasai crisis and host communities in Kamonia health zone, including the major cross-border town of Kamako where many of the displaced Congolese in Angola cross the border to return to their home villages.Beneficiaries:200,000 people in Kamonia health zone in Kasai province including returnees, IDPs and host communities
Ebola Outbreak Response in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)Amount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,461,512Objective:To support national efforts and strengthen national capacities to better prevent, detect and respond to the ongoing of Ebola Virus Diseases (EVD) outbreak through improving access to public health services for migrants and affected communities in the Equator Province in DRC. Activities include: i) conduct health screenings at border crossings, travel routes and congregation points by deployed team of epidemiologists and medical staff from the National Programme of Hygiene at Borders (PNHF) and World Health Organization (WHO); ii) implement risk communication, social mobilization and community engagement in border communities and key Points of Entry (POE) emphasizing on the risk of cross-border transmission of the EVD; iii) strengthen cross-border management of ill travelers at international ports and border areas; and iv) facilitate coordination and information sharing with neighbouring/at-risk countries.Beneficiaries:150,000 cross border travelers and people in the EVD-affected health zones in Equator Province and high-risk population pathways in Kinshasa, Mai Mdombe and South Ubangi. 50,000 cross border
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Camp Coordination and Camp Management for affected populations in displacement sites in Eastern DRCAmount Requested: USD 12,000,000 Amount Received: USD 1,679,674Objective:To respond to the sectoral needs of the IDPs in the displacement sites, new spontaneous sites and host communities in North-Kivu, Ituri and Tanganyika and in areas of return, IOM with the CCCM Working Group and the National Commission for Refugees (CNR)will ensure: monitoring arrivals and departures; site planning activities; identifying sectoral gaps; reinforcing capacities of IDP committees, site managers and the CNR, supporting community-based protection mechanisms and site closing activities.Beneficiaries:150,000 IDPs in displacement sites in Ituri, North Kivu and Tanganyika
Contribute to a more efficient and rapid humanitarian response in the Kasai region and Eastern DRC through mobility tracking, capacity-building in information management and rapid assessmentsAmount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 3,234,118Objective:IOM continues to work in close collaboration with local authorities and community leaders in order to collect accurate and sufficient data to regularly monitor and track population movements and their mobility- induced evolving needs in the L-3 declared provinces (7 provinces) as well as in North-Kivu. Data collected in the field is analyzed, presented in comprehensive reports and shared with the humanitarian community to inform strategic decision-taking at sector and cluster levels.Beneficiaries:25 IDPs and returnees in Ituri, Kasai, Kasai Central, Kasai Oriental, Lomami North Kivu, Sankuru, South Kivu and Tanganyika regions