Less than a year after the impact of Hurricane Matthew, and in a context of an intense drought, Irma, the strongest hurricane ever reported in the Atlantic hit Cuba for more than 72 hours, from 8 to 10 September. 13 of the country’s 15 provinces, with a population of 9,485,235 people, were directly affected. In particular, seven provinces (Camagüey, Ciego de Avila, Sancti Spiritus, Villa Clara, Matanzas, Mayabeque and Havana) with a population of 5,655,598 people suffered the direct impacts of this destructive hurricane. This lead among others to an urgent demand for immediate protection of people who have lost their houses or roofs, or have seen their homes partially damaged.
Cuba was affected by Hurricane Matthew in October 2016 and in effect experience severe damages in the far East of Cuba. Housing, water and sanitation, agriculture, fisheries, animal husbandry, basic social services, social and road infrastructure, electricity, telecommunications, construction, and the tourism sectors were severely damaged in six municipalities in Guantanamo (particularly in Baracoa, Imías, San Antonio del Sur and Maisí) and one in Holguin. Haitians Migrants Camp is located in Maisí. More than 77 per cent of the population in Baracoa, Maisí, Imías, and San Antonio del Sur, have damaged homes (121,176 people out of a total of 156,698.) 90% of Baracoa’s houses have been affected while in Maisí the percentage goes up to 94 per cent. With the severe damage to homes, people have also lost most of their possessions such as mattresses, kitchen appliances, furniture, and items for personal hygiene, among others.
Main emergency response priorities for affected municipalities after the passing of Hurricane Matthew are still the recovery of the shelter and education sectors, and the reestablishment of roads. According to local authorities the recovery of fully destroyed houses is moving slower than the rehabilitation of houses, this due to the increased demand of resources. The creation of several temporary facilities to shelter people who lost their houses is another measure taken to support the affected population.
During the early recovery phase, conditions for permanent housing and the full restoration of basic social services will be promoted. Local capacities will be strengthened with the required equipment and appropriate technology. The use of local resources such as construction materials will be promoted and construction brigades will be equipped to implement recovery actions in housing shelter and construction of basic infrastructure. Recycling of debris will be promoted considering the high number of houses affected. Early Warning Systems will be enhanced and resilience will be increased in the affected human settlements. This phase will also include the strengthening of government capacities for assessing risks in public infrastructure and affected neighborhoods. Support will also be provided to the efforts of urban planning and construction solutions, resilient and adapted to local context, including expertise in risk reduction, mainly with respect to hurricanes and earthquakes, considering that Guantánamo is vulnerable to both phenomena. The recovery of economic activities will focus on the productive and service sectors in order to increase employment opportunities. Initiatives such as sustainable tourism, considering the potential of Baracoa, small scale industries and reconstruction brigades will be promoted.
IOM and the relevant Cuban Institution are planning to support with the immediate recovery and rehabilitation of damaged houses in the Municipalities of Maisí and Baracoa, facilitating the provision of kits and equipment for reconstruction and infrastructures, as well as strengthening local capacities for the development of sustainable shelter solutions. To this end, IOM will not only to support with the immediate rehabilitation of temporary shelter, but also to initiate early recovery by promoting resilient solutions for housing and boosting local capacities in terms of production, materials, human resources, knowledge and community participation. The proposed intervention is in line with the strategic objectives for Shelter and Early Recovery identified in the Plan of Action.
IOM is part of the Cuban Government and the UN coordinated Plan of Action Response to Hurricane Matthew (October 2016) and the Cuba Plan of Action (September 2017) in response to Hurricane Irma. UNDP leads Shelter and Early Recovery and coordinates with UN-Habitat, IOM and UNESCO to accomplish the proposed activities. National and local institutions include the Ministry of Construction, National Civil Defense General Staff, National Institute of Hydraulic Resources, Institute of Physical Planning, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Ministry of Domestic Trade, Provincial and municipal governments, and Ministry of Foreign Trade and Investment.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: Approximately 25,000 people
Contact Information: Ms. Sonia Karakadze, Liaison Officer, email@example.com Tel: 53- 7 204- 1513-15 / 53- 5 – 211 2222
IOM Offices: Country Office: Havana, Cuba.
International Staff: -
National Staff: 1
- It is the first time that IOM has a project in Cuba: provide support to flood affected populations. The project’s objective is to support the Government of Cuba and its humanitarian partners in the immediate assistance of affected populations through the provision of NFI items and contribute to the reconstruction of damaged houses with suitable emergency shelter interventions.
- IOM delivered non-food item kits to 410 families in Maisí, Guantánamo, including 820 matrasses.
Shelter and Non-Food Items
Creation of temporary facilities for housed people in the Province of Villa ClaraAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Improvement of the life quality of those housed in state institutions or in private housing by ensuring a Basic Living Facilities Kit, Non-Food Items (NFI): mattresses, bedding, pillows, mosquito nets and solar flashlights).Beneficiaries:6,000 people housed in state institutions or in private homes in the Province of Villa Clara
Support Repairs of Partially Affected Housing and Small Scale Infrastructures in affected communities in the Province of Villa ClaraAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Promote rapid return of the affected people through rehabilitation and repair of damaged homes, providing toolkits.Beneficiaries:200 households or families from severely affected communities in the province of Villa Clara
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Reconstruction of the Haitian migrant camp in MaisíAmount Requested: USD 220,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Improve the infrastructure of the Haitian migrant camp affected by the Hurricane Matthew. Provide a basic livelihood kit to migrants at the camp.Beneficiaries:350 Haitian migrants
Shelter and Non-food items
Establishment of temporary shelter facilities in the provinces of Guantanamo and HolguinAmount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:1) Help establish and improve temporary shelter capacities at governmental institutions and private dwellings. 2) Provide basic livelihood kits to families staying at governmental institutions and private dwellings. 3) Supply toolkits for the construction and improvement of temporary facilities. 4) Support capacity building for technicians, builders, and the general population so that they can get involved in the construction of temporary shelter facilities.Beneficiaries:3,747 people at shelters
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Supporting the repair of partially affected housing and small-scale infrastructure in affected communitiesAmount Requested: USD 750,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Promote the return of affected people to their houses by the immediate rehabilitation and repair of roofing conditions, supply toolkits and roofing elements, and provision of technical assistance. Facilitate access to basic socio-economic services in affected communities.Beneficiaries:10 severely affected communities in the municipality of MaisÃ (urban and rural areas), inhabited by a population of 15,000 people