After one year of implementation of the Peace Agreement between the Colombian government and the FARC-EP guerrilla, only 45 per cent of the 558 provisions included in the agreement have had any progress (Kroc, 2017). Decreased political support in Congress has delayed the approval of signiﬁcant bills. At the local level, the appearance of armed groups has created new scenarios of armed violence. Between January and September 2017, over 10,142 new internally displaced persons were identiﬁed. Meanwhile, the government advances in the peace dialogue with the ELN, in a scenario of uncertainty over its capacity to comply with the provisions in the ﬁrst agreement. The abovementioned dynamics have created signiﬁcant social and political polarization with an upcoming presidential election that could jeopardize the implementation of transitional justice and post-conﬂict programmes.
Deteriorating conditions in Venezuela prompted at least 760,000 Venezuelans to depart Venezuela and seek shelter in Colombia as of mid – May 2018. The latest round of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) showed that over half of interviewed Venezuelan migrants in Colombia have crossed the border irregularly and almost 80 per cent don’t have immediate plans of returning to their country. The government has requested IOM to maintain a leading role in the institutional response provided to migrants and returnees in the border with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
IOM has been supporting the Government of Colombia (GoC) in the protection of victims of the armed conﬂict specially GBV survivors, disengaged children; victims of human trafficking, Venezuelan Migrants among other vulnerable population. IOM will continue strengthening the government’s capacity to enhance the implementation of the Peace Agreement and support post-conﬂict processes. IOM will further support national entities as well as local partners as requested in preparedness, emergency response and development.
IOM’s leading role in the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster and co-leading role in the Early Recovery Cluster and in the Border Working Group within the Protection Cluster represent an important added value in supporting the GOC. IOM supports OCHA’s inter-cluster responsibility for humanitarian action and actively participates in the UN Country Team and Humanitarian Country Team meetings. At the local level, IOM participates in Local Coordination Teams to promote an interagency approach to humanitarian and protection needs.
IOM works in coordination with the Ministry of Health, Victims Unit, Colombian Reincorporation and Normalization Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Colombian Family Welfare Institute (ICBF), and the High Commissioner for Peace; UN agencies (including UNHCR, UNODC, OCHA, UNFPA), international cooperation agencies (USAID, Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration - PRM, UK, Sweden, The Global Fund for Aids, Malaria and Tuberculosis) and civil society organizations.
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Colombia 2018. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 82,933 individuals, including 35,149 members of vulnerable populations, 885 migrants and returnees, 46,467 minors and adolescents, and 432 public officers and social leaders
Contact Information: Ana Eugenia Durán Salvatierra, Chief of Mission, Email - firstname.lastname@example.org, 0571-6397777 Ext:1225. IOM Website: http://colombia.iom.int, Facebook/OIMColombia, Twitter/OIMColombia, email@example.com
IOM Offices: Country Office: Bogotá, Sub-Offices: 16 (Apartado, Buenaventura, Cali, Cartagena, Cucuta, Florencia, Guajira, Ibague, Medellin, Monteria, Pasto, Popayan, Quibdo, Santander de Quilichao, Tumaco, Villavicencio).
International Staff: 5
National Staff: 340
- Camp Coordination and Camp Management: IOM headed up the CCCM Cluster following the humanitarian disaster in Mocoa (Putumayo) and held workshops on temporary shelter management, training 91 people (police, civilian defense, UN system and Organización Zonal Indígena de Putumayo). Trainings took into account differential approaches and workshops addressed gender-based violence (GBV) issues from a temporary shelter perspective.
- Land and Property Support: 1,481 land titles handed over to peasant families under an IOM and National Land Agency intervention targeting education for self-management of land rights and democratic consolidation. The intervention strengthened the capacities of IDP and vulnerable populations and local institutions in rural areas affected by displacement.
- Transport Assistance for Affected Populations: i) Support to transport food assistance for 1,750 Wayuu children in 10 disperse townships in Guajira following food shortages; ii) 732 people transported to other areas of Colombia following the humanitarian disaster in Mocoa; and iii) Support the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to mobilize 800 Venezuelans to other areas inside and outside of Colombia (often to meet up with support networks).
- Health Support: i) Partnered with the Ministry of Health and Social Protection to generate guidelines and a migration and health strategy for border zones, specifically a route for assistance to GBV, with an emphasis on sexual violence, along the Ecuador-Colombia border area; and ii) 47 Wayuú community health workers trained on tuberculosis response and prevention in Manaure municipality, La Guajira.
- Return and Reintegration Assistance: Between 2016 and 2017, IOM reached tripartite agreements with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Labor, to support initiatives to return to work. In 2017, 1,202 Colombian beneficiaries of Law 1565 of 2012 (the Law of Returns) completed occupational profiling identifying their needs and existing regional labor and migration programs. IOM designed strategies to incentivize employment and a proposal for monitoring returned populations in targeted departments (Cundinamarca, Valle del Cauca, Risaralda, Antioquia, Atlántico, and Santander).
- Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition: IOM supported community reintegration and citizenship in protective environments that facilitate the prevention of recruitment and use. In 2017, 61 community initiatives were carried out with over 8,000 participants (roughly equal participation of men and women) to facilitate social reintegration and preventing of recruitment of children and adults in conflict-affected areas.
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Preparedness to address migration flows from Venezuela to Colombia in border zones and other cities where migrants settle or are in transitAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 282,241Objective:Objectives and activities include: i) support the GOC to set-up and implement the Temporary Migrant Attention Center on the border with Venezuela (Norte de Santander); ii) implement the second round of DTM in Bogota; and iii) strengthen GOC and NGO capacity to provide immediate assistance to migrants in targeted border areas.Beneficiaries:200 public officers and NGO representatives; 5,828 migrants
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Humanitarian assistance in la Guajira DepartmentAmount Requested: USD 440,000 Amount Received: USD 270,000Objective:In 2018, IOM is continuing its intervention in La Guajira in collaboration with the Baylor Foundation, specifically improving attention spaces for children and pregnant and nursing women, and improving housing for those with tuberculosis. It is also carrying out activities regarding water, sanitation, and hygiene in communities in the municipalities of Uribía, Riohacha, and Manaure.Beneficiaries:1,200 indigenous population and other vulnerable groups
Humanitarian assistance in Mocoa, PutumayoAmount Requested: USD 350,000 Amount Received: USD 350,000Objective:Strengthen the humanitarian response, recovery and transition of communities affected by the avalanche in the municipality of Mocoa. IOM will continue implementing actions to consolidate stabilization, including: i) Socializing stabilization phase plans with indigenous authorities; ii) Completing a temporary classroom for Indigenous Rural School Desayok Yanakona in the indigenous resguardo Yanakona Tachay Wasy. This classroom will serve 23 children in the community and is part of the rehabilitation and reconstruction of basic infrastructure under the humanitarian response.Beneficiaries:1,200 indigenous population and other vulnerable groups
National coordination plan for the the project for preventing recruitment and the use of children and youth by illegal armed groupsAmount Requested: USD 147,000 Amount Received: USD 147,000Objective:Contribute to stabilization and peacebuilding by promoting comprehensive principles for protection, rights and preventing violations, particularly recruitment, use, and sexual violence against children by illegal armed groups. Coordinate government services at the national and local levels to support the Inter-Sectoral Commission for Preventing Recruitment and Utilization of Children and Adolescents (CIPRUNNA)’s public recruitment prevention policy and develop inputs for strengthening strategic partners’ capacities.
Accompanying conflict victims (including IDPs) through the Mobile Units strategyAmount Requested: USD 8,230,000 Amount Received: USD 4,060,000Objective:Offer technical and operational assistance to the ICBF for the implementation of the Mobile Units Strategy (this strategy provides emergency attention to conflict victims – including IDPs). The project will develop tools and strategies for ICBF mobile units to improve their service to families and design a differential attention model. This activity is a continuation of actions implemented to support the ICBF strategy of attention conflict victims – including IDPs – through Mobile Units, which began in 2004.Beneficiaries:19,078 IDPs and vulnerable population
Return and Reintegration Assistance
Comprehensive re-incorporation in productive environmentsAmount Requested: USD 1,070,000 Amount Received: USDObjective:Design and implementation of mechanisms for stabilization, early reintegration, and economic reincorporation for people in processes of reintegration. This project will support the economic reintegration of ex-combatants through productive projects in 14 “Territorial spaces for training and reincorporation”, training on income generation, and technical support to start up productive projects.Beneficiaries:700 people in the process of reintegration
Support the GOC to facilitate the exit of minors from FARC ranks - Phase IIAmount Requested: USD 510,000 Amount Received: USD 300,000Objective:Support the Differential Life Path program by implementing a community-based reintegration model for minors exiting FARC ranks and consolidating a comprehensive attention strategy and life-project development initiative for these youth. Along with other international cooperation partners, IOM will facilitate collaboration with the Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Education, the Ombudsman´s Office, and ICBF to monitor and operate the temporary reception sites (TRS) for these minors, ensure the restoration of their rights, and support health, education, protection, participation, housing, and income generation projects. This project specifically targets support for GOC rapid responses. Key activities include: i) strengthening life projects and ii) developing the GOC “Differential Life Path” strategy.Beneficiaries:124 Children and youth
Recruitment Prevention and Reintegration (RPR) ProgramAmount Requested: USD 7,600,000 Amount Received: USD 3,000,000Objective:Support the GOC to foster sustainable and inclusive reintegration for ex-combatants and disengaged children and prevent further recruitment. Main areas of work include: i) strategic technical assistance for GOC early reintegration efforts during the demobilization roll-out phase; ii) supporting the GOC implementation of strategies for preventing the recruitment of children and adults in conflict affected areas; iii) supporting GOC efforts to advance legal processing and service delivery to ex-combatants and disengaged children in rural and urban conflict areas, and; iv) supporting GOC knowledge management, information systems and communication efforts to clarify the legal status of ex-combatants, with a special emphasis on reintegration.Beneficiaries:6,424 children and youth that benefited from prevention strategies, 330 adult excombatants that received economic reincorporation services
Strengthen local capacities for the promotion and guarantee of health rights in 26 municipalities with “Territorial Spaces for Training and Reincorporation”Amount Requested: USD 1,020,000 Amount Received: USD 1,020,000Objective:Contribute to improving access to comprehensive primary health care services, prioritizing sexual and reproductive rights, mental health, prevention of the use of psychoactive substances, childcare and undernourishment.Beneficiaries:38,052 vulnerable persons
Transport Assistance for Affected Populations
Support the Government of Colombia to address migration flows from VenezuelaAmount Requested: USD 97,000 Amount Received: USDObjective:Facilitate transportation assistance for migrants who want to go to other cities inside or outside the country.Beneficiaries:885 migrants
Land and Property Support
Support the design and implementation of plans for local level planning and land useAmount Requested: USD 230,000 Amount Received: USD 2,211,055Objective:Support the regularization of land use and land tenure in compliance with Point 1 of the Peace Agreement. Strengthen the operational capacities of the National Land Agency to design and implement municipal plans for local planning and land use in seven prioritized municipalities in the departments of Tolima, Valle del Cauca and Meta. Key activities include: i) Drafting, implementing and updating municipal plans vis-à-vis strategic alliances with the communities, local government actors and other stakeholders.Beneficiaries:7 municipal planning offices
Support the implementation of land formalization for rural vulnerable communities.Amount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 1,055,223Objective:Support the National Land Agency to strengthen the legal security of rural lands, thereby contributing to overcoming poverty and limitations to formal land access. Key activities include: i) Strengthening GOC capacities and knowledge in land rights and legal security issues; ii) Promoting land formalization processes; iii) Designing pilots to establish strategic joint alliances with local governments in order to sustainably strengthen the local level.Beneficiaries:5,924 vulnerable persons in rural areas
Integrated Rural Development with a Territorial FocusAmount Requested: USD 4,800,000 Amount Received: USD 837,333Objective:Support the GOC at the municipal, departmental and national levels to plan and design a new model for rural economic development at the micro-regional level. Key activities include: i) Improving social and economic conditions for rural vulnerable groups; ii) Improving access to existing GOC programs and services by rural vulnerable groups; and iii) Increasing knowledge and skills among key authorities for sustaining and replicating a territorial rural development approach.Beneficiaries:8,230 vulnerable persons in rural areas
United Nations Multi-Partner Trust Fund