Since the beginning of 2014, the Lake Chad Basin Region has witnessed an increase in violence conducted by the insurgency group Boko Haram, leading to widespread displacement in the sub-region, including Chad. The violence has resulted in internal displacement, returns from Niger and Nigeria, and cross-border displacement. IOM set up and rolled out its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in May 2015 with the objective of providing regular, accurate and updated information on displaced populations in the Lac Region of Chad. The latest DTM figures from November 2017 indicate the presence of 147,032 IDPs, 18,453 Chadian returnees, and 1,079 third country nationals in the Lac Region.
The internal displacement situation in Chad poses many humanitarian and development challenges, both in terms of pressing immediate as well as longer term needs for the IDPs, returnees and the host populations. The displaced population often settled in spontaneous sites fairly isolated and with limited access to basic services, or they simply found assistance in host communities living with scarce exhausted resources in an area already marked by high rates of poverty even before the current conflict. In addition, the Lac region has an economy based on agriculture, livestock farming and trans-border trade, three sectors that have been negatively impacted by the crisis. The displacement and current security situation are having negative impacts on the livelihoods, coping capacities, and resilience of IDPs, returnees and host the communities. This has also put additional pressure on host communities who had to share the meagre resources they had. This is also compounded by the unaddressed pre-existing factors and under-development issues that resulted in limited access to basic services, limited economic opportunities, and poor infrastructure.
In addition, as highlighted by the latest DTM report, 79 per cent of the current IDP population has been displaced in 2014 and 2015 (21% and 58% respectively). This trend shows the protracted and continued nature of displacement currently affecting the Lac region of Chad as the majority of IDPs have been displaced for over two years while additional persons continue to be displaced by the continued crisis. In addition, the Lac region currently hosts an estimated 18,453 Chadian nationals who returned to Chad from countries affected by the crisis (9,789 from Niger and 8,664 from Nigeria). These persons had settled in neighbouring countries for a variety of reasons, including trade and economic reasons, family links or marriage, persecution, etc. Some of these returnees are virtually foreign nationals as they settled abroad for many years or were born there, and have limited ties to Chad, and no social safety net on which to rely when resources are scarce. In light of the current security situation in the sub-region, the re-establishment of a permanent residence in Niger or Nigeria for these returnees seem rather unlikely in the near future. These situations, protracted displacement and return of Chadian nationals established abroad, call for urgent interventions to facilitate either their local integration or reintegration.
In 2018, IOM aims to implement the DTM to continue to inform the humanitarian community and government about human mobility in the Lake region and to update the statistics of the Chadian returnees came from Central Africa living in the temporary sites. IOM will also provide support for the vulnerable population affected by the crisis in the Lac region by constructing semi durable shelters including Cash-for-Work initiatives and reintegration. IOM has a plan for non-food items (NFIs) distribution to assist the most vulnerable population in terms of kitchen kits and NFIs (including some wash items).
IOM has a good relation with the government, the national and local authorities are always informed about IOM actions in the fields. IOM is participating in the Humanitarian Country Team, ICC, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster, Information Management Working Group, UN Communication Group, and other coordination meetings. IOM is also the lead on the Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse.
As co-lead of the CCCM/Shelter/NFI Cluster, and a key actor in the provision of humanitarian assistance to the displaced persons, IOM has assisted vulnerable displaced populations in the Lac Region of Chad since the onset of the crisis. IOM is also providing information about the displaced persons and the situation of movement in the Lac region.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 178,934 IDPs & returnees
Contact Information: Contact Contact the Donor Relations Division Tel: +41.22.717.9111
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Amount Requested: USD 947,000 Amount Received: USD 0
Shelter and Non-food items
Amount Requested: USD 450,000 Amount Received: USD 0