Central African Republic 2017
The Central African Republic (CAR) has experienced a continuous situation of volatility and recurring violent clashes since its independence. However, the most recent crisis in 2013 has developed into an extremely complex ongoing state of permanent insecurity and fragility. Despite the successful elections in late 2016 and relative stability in the first half of 2016, several conflict dimensions re-emerged which have most recently in November 2016 resulted in an increase of displaced population from formerly 385,000 (CMP September 2016) to 431,000 (CMP November 2016) - thus an increase of 11 per cent in just three months. Ongoing violence is obstructing humanitarian access to the affected areas, and both MINUSCA and humanitarian actors have on several occasions been directly targeted by the armed groups.
Despite ongoing clashes, several locations have stabilised and some return movements can be observed. There is a clear need for supporting the integration of these returnees. Monitoring of these returns is not captured in a systematised manner. Therefore IOM, under its current OFDA and Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF) has respectively deployed facilitators in these areas and revised its Displacement Trackimg Matrix tool in order to regularly and more accurately capture movement of population and needs in order to inform humanitarian programming. To adapt its response mechanisms to the continuously changing context in CAR, and in order to start integrating transition and recovery elements in its global operational framework, IOM’s looks at the current situation not only from an immediate humanitarian assistance angle, but recognizes the complexity and risk of the crisis deteriorating further in the coming months.
IOM, co-leads the Shelter / NFI / CCCM cluster and as member of the durable return solutions working group, has been working with the humanitarian community in identifying opportunities for displaced communities to return from displacement sites or host families.
Note: Projects are in line with the Humanitarian response plan 2017 developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
 Commission Mouvement de Population led by the Protection Cluster.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 28,000 Cash for Work beneficiaries, 120,000 participants in social cohesion activities, 7000 direct beneficiaries of Community Violence Reduction programming
Contact Information: Mr. Jean François Aguilera, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org. Ms. Sahdia Khan, Emergency Coordinator, email@example.com. Website: https://www.iom.int/countries/central-african-republic
IOM Offices: Country Office: Bangui; Sub-Offices: Boda, Paoua, Kaga-bandoro, Ndele; Presence in Kabo / Moyenne Sido and in Bambari (through partners)
International Staff: 20
National Staff: 290
- IOM conducted more than 50 community dialogue activities, reaching more than 120,000 beneficiaries in 6 communities across the country
- More than 400 conflict-destroyed houses were completely or partially reconstructed, allowing the return of displaced families in highly volatile areas
- 25 community infrastructure projects, such as schools, social centres, health centres, youth centres etc. were completely rehabilitated while providing vocational training opportunities for youth at risk of the communities
- In 2016, IOM provided more than 25,000 youth and vulnerable community members the opportunity to participate in cash for work rotations
- 5,000 youth and vulnerable community members participated in alphabetisation and basic accounting classes, obtaining a primary school certification for adults.