Central African Republic
The Central African Republic (CAR) has experienced a continuous situation of volatility and recurring violent clashes since its independence. However, the most recent crisis in 2013 has developed into an extremely complex ongoing state of permanent insecurity and fragility. Despite the successful elections in late 2016 and relative stability in the first half of 2016, several conflict dimensions re-emerged which have most recently in November 2016 resulted in an increase of displaced population from formerly 385,000 (CMP September 2016) to 431,000 (CMP November 2016) - thus an increase of 11 per cent in just three months. Ongoing violence is obstructing humanitarian access to the affected areas, and both MINUSCA and humanitarian actors have on several occasions been directly targeted by the armed groups.
Despite ongoing clashes, several locations have stabilised and some return movements can be observed. There is a clear need for supporting the integration of these returnees. Monitoring of these returns is not captured in a systematised manner. Therefore IOM, under its current OFDA and Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF) has respectively deployed facilitators in these areas and revised its Displacement Trackimg Matrix tool in order to regularly and more accurately capture movement of population and needs in order to inform humanitarian programming. To adapt its response mechanisms to the continuously changing context in CAR, and in order to start integrating transition and recovery elements in its global operational framework, IOM’s looks at the current situation not only from an immediate humanitarian assistance angle, but recognizes the complexity and risk of the crisis deteriorating further in the coming months.
IOM, co-leads the Shelter / NFI / CCCM cluster and as member of the durable return solutions working group, has been working with the humanitarian community in identifying opportunities for displaced communities to return from displacement sites or host families.
Note: Projects are in line with the Humanitarian response plan 2017 developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
 Commission Mouvement de Population led by the Protection Cluster.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 28,000 Cash for Work beneficiaries, 120,000 participants in social cohesion activities, 7000 direct beneficiaries of Community Violence Reduction programming
Contact Information: Ms. Anne Schaefer, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org. Ms. Sahdia Khan, Emergency Coordinator, email@example.com. Website: https://www.iom.int/countries/central-african-republic
IOM Offices: Country Office: Bangui; Sub-Offices: Boda, Paoua, Kaga-bandoro, Ndele; Presence in Kabo / Moyenne Sido and in Bambari (through partners)
International Staff: 20
National Staff: 290
- IOM conducted more than 50 community dialogue activities, reaching more than 120,000 beneficiaries in 6 communities across the country
- More than 400 conflict-destroyed houses were completely or partially reconstructed, allowing the return of displaced families in highly volatile areas
- 25 community infrastructure projects, such as schools, social centres, health centres, youth centres etc. were completely rehabilitated while providing vocational training opportunities for youth at risk of the communities
- In 2016, IOM provided more than 25,000 youth and vulnerable community members the opportunity to participate in cash for work rotations
- 5,000 youth and vulnerable community members participated in alphabetisation and basic accounting classes, obtaining a primary school certification for adults.
Shelter and Non-Food Items/CCCM
Humanitarian Response Plan: Emergency humanitarian assistance to IDPs, returnees and host communities in Central African Republic (CAR)Amount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project aims to facilitate access to urgently needed and life-saving assistance, as well as livelihood and return opportunities. This third project phase aims to assist affected populations to rebuild resilience and to create conditions that are conducive to the sustainable return of IDPs and spontaneously returning CAR populations from neighboring countries.Beneficiaries:approximately 5.000 beneficiaries (IDPs, returnees and host communities)
Humanitarian Response Plan: Displacement Tracking, CCCM Light, and Direct Humanitarian Assistance ProvisionAmount Requested: USD 750,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To respond to humanitarian needs, gaps and trends through the IOM DTM (expansion of DTM for assessment of needs/gaps, regular information sharing, coordination among stakeholders); contribute to required emergency responses through protection referral; and strengthen effective site management and services through training in CCCM light and direct site management of transit centres in Kabo and Moyenne Sido, including rehabilitation and management of facilities.Beneficiaries:106,030 IDPs
Humanitarian Response Plan: Mpoko II: Registration and Return Assistance to Mpoko IDPsAmount Requested: USD 350,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project will contribute to meeting humanitarian needs of IDPs residing at the Mpoko displacement site during the initial phase of the return process in their communities of return and laying the foundation for achieving durable solutions for IDPs.Beneficiaries:28.087 IDPs. Men: 8.624; women: 17.504; boys: 785; girls: 1.174.
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Humanitarian Response Plan: Réponses d’urgences choléra ciblant les populations riveraines de l’axe sud du fleuve Ubangui Bangui Mongoumba et les Populations Déplacées Internes de Bangui (Emergency Cholera prevention response)Amount Requested: USD 120,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Raising awareness for cholera prevention; Rehabilitating water point and setting up maintenance committees for enhancing access to clean water ; Rehabilitating / building public latrines in strategic locations (port area) and setting up maintenance committees to limit open defecation that could potentially spread cholera.Beneficiaries:35.531 residents of 31 villages adjacent to the Oubangui River where the potential cholera threat existed. Men: 9.576; women: 9.966; boys: 7.834; girls: 8.155